Advice

Black currant Orlov waltz: planting and care


Black currant is a healthy and tasty berry, so it is often grown in home gardens. Every gardener dreams of growing a healthy bush with large healthy berries. For this, gardeners select unpretentious, high-yielding varieties. The most popular is the currant Autumn waltz. The variety is cold hardy and can grow and develop in regions with unstable climates and cold winters.

Description of the currant variety Orlovsky waltz

Blackcurrant variety Autumn waltz was grown by crossing the Lazy and Ershistaya varieties. The variety was entered into the State Register in 2008 and was approved for cultivation in the Volga-Vyatka region and in western Siberia.

The variety forms a vigorous, spreading bush. Densely leafy shoots are thick, pubescent, olive-colored. Old branches are gray, slightly shiny, thinned towards the top. Five-lobed leaves are rough, slightly wrinkled, painted in a pale green color. The central lobe is wide, with a sharp, elongated tip. The lateral lobes are small, wide, with a pointed tip. The basal lobes are weakly expressed. The leaf plate is framed with small pointed teeth. The leaf is attached to the shoot with a short, slightly pubescent cuttings.

Important! Blackcurrant Autumn Waltz is a self-pollinated variety and does not require pollinators to form berries.

At the end of May, the bush is covered with light pink, small flowers, collected in a short brush. After flowering, berries begin to form. Ripe, low-seeded fruits are black and have a dense, thick skin. The berry is large, weighing up to 3 g. The juicy pulp has a delicate aroma and sweet and sour taste. Blackcurrant fruits of the Autumn Waltz variety are very useful, 100 g of the product contains:

  • dry matter - 12%;
  • sugar - 7.6%;
  • titratable acid - 3%.
  • vitamin C - 133 mg;
  • anthocyanins - 160 mg;
  • catechins - 320 mg.

Thanks to its positive description, blackcurrant Autumn Waltz has become popular with many gardeners. The variety can be grown both in the southern regions and in areas with unstable, cold climates and short summers.

Characteristics

The Autumn Waltz variety is popular among gardeners. But before purchasing a blackcurrant sapling Autumn Waltz, it is necessary to study the description and characteristics of the variety, view photos and videos.

Drought resistance, frost resistance

Blackcurrant Autumn waltz frost-resistant and drought-resistant variety. Thanks to these indicators, the berry culture can be grown both in the south and in the northern regions. Black currants do not need shelter for the winter, as they calmly tolerate a drop in temperature to -35 ° C. Only young specimens are sheltered for the winter. To do this, cover the soil with a 15 cm layer of straw, rotted humus or compost.

Important! The variety is drought-resistant, but with a lack of moisture, the berry will be small in size, with sour, slightly juicy pulp.

Variety yield

The variety is consistently high-yielding. Following agrotechnical rules, up to 2 kg of fruit can be removed from the bush. Harvesting is carried out manually or mechanically. Due to the dense and thick peel, the berry does not wrinkle when picked, it tolerates long-term transportation well and has a long shelf life.

Blackcurrant variety Autumn waltz ripens gradually, the harvest begins from mid-July to early September.

Important! As it ripens, the berry does not crumble or bake in the sun.

Application area

Blackcurrant Autumn waltz is a versatile variety. Due to the high content of nutrients, berries are consumed fresh, they are used to prepare jam, compotes and berry platter.

Due to its elastic skin, the crop tolerates long-distance transportation and has a long shelf life. Fresh, when stored in a cool room, the berry can lie for about 7-10 days.

Pros and cons of the variety

Blackcurrant variety Autumn waltz has its own strengths and weaknesses. The advantages include:

  • high productivity;
  • large-fruited;
  • frost and drought resistance;
  • good taste;
  • long transportation;
  • resistance to terry;
  • versatility in application.

Many gardeners highlight the disadvantages of the variety:

  • non-uniformity;
  • non-simultaneous ripening of berries;
  • weak immunity to columnar rust and kidney mites.

Reproduction methods

When growing black currants, you can quickly multiply your favorite varieties. There are 3 proven breeding methods:

  • green cuttings;
  • taps;
  • lignified cuttings.

Green cuttings

An easy way to breed black currants. Seedlings are cut at the beginning of summer, 10 cm long. The planting material must contain at least 3 buds, the lower cut is made at an acute angle. The lower leaves are removed from the cutting, the upper ones are cut to half the length.

Prepared seedlings are set at an angle into a light, nutritious soil, deepening it to the upper foliage. After planting, the soil is mulched and spilled abundantly.

After 14 days, the rooting process will begin, and after 3 months the stalk will turn into a strengthened, small bush up to 30 cm high.In early September, it can be moved to the prepared area. In order for the plant to safely endure winter frosts, the trunk circle is mulched.

Lignified cuttings

The material is harvested in early spring, when buds begin to wake up on the currants. Shoots are cut near the ground so that no hemp remains on the plant. Further, cuttings 15-20 cm long are harvested from the mature part. Before planting, they are stored in the snow, in bunches. From above, the planting material is covered with straw or sawdust. Also, cuttings can be stored in the refrigerator until planting.

When the soil warms up to a depth of 15 cm, the cuttings can be planted in the chosen place. Each stalk is stuck at an angle into a light, nutritious soil at intervals of 30 cm from each other. The cuttings are buried so that 2-3 buds remain on the surface of the earth. Seedling care consists in regular watering and mulching of the soil. By the end of summer, the planting material will have built up a strong root system and will be ready for transplantation to a permanent place.

Taps

In this way, one-year, healthy shoots are rooted. Reproduction by branches is carried out in the spring, at the time of bud break. Before reproduction, the soil is thoroughly loosened, fed with mineral and organic fertilizers, a trench is made 10 cm deep and the prepared shoot is laid in it, leaving the crown on the surface of the earth. The trench is covered with soil, plentifully spilled and mulched. After spilling the buds, young shoots will begin to grow from them. For the appearance of new lateral roots, it is necessary to huddle with moist soil.

In autumn, the rooted shoots are separated from the branch. Thus, a young seedling appears from each buried bud. The strongest is the one who is closest to the mother bush.

Planting and leaving

It is necessary to purchase a blackcurrant sapling of the Autumn Waltz variety only in nurseries or from trusted suppliers. When buying, pay attention to the appearance of the plant. The roots must be well developed. Shoots without signs of rot, disease and mechanical damage. For quick fruiting, a young plant is acquired at 2-3 years of age.

The acquired seedlings are planted in a well-lit place, since in the shade the berry loses its sugar content and acquires a sour taste. The soil for planting should be weakly acidic, light, fertile and well-drained. Black currants should be planted near buildings or fences to keep the plant safe from cold, gusty winds.

The black currant seedling is buried 5-10 cm. After planting, the branches are shortened by half or 2/3 of the length in order to cause the rapid growth of young shoots. The interval between plantings is 1-1.5 m.

Follow-up care

Black currant Autumn waltz is an unpretentious variety. But to get a generous harvest of tasty and healthy berries, you must adhere to simple agrotechnical rules:

  1. Despite the drought resistance, watering is carried out 2-3 times in 7 days at the rate of 10 liters per 1 bush. It is very important to carry out regular irrigation during the fruiting period and when laying flower buds.
  2. Top dressing of the bush is carried out in the spring at the beginning of the growing season. For this, a mineral fertilizer complex and organic matter are used.
  3. After irrigation, the soil is loosened and mulched.
  4. For quick bushiness, the first pruning is carried out after planting.
  5. Rejuvenating pruning is carried out before bud break. For this, shoots older than 5 years are cut at the root.
  6. Formative pruning is carried out in spring and autumn. Weak, diseased shoots, as well as those growing deeper into the crown, are removed.
  7. Thinning is carried out to increase yields and prevent the appearance of diseases and pests.

Important! Correctly pruned black currants should have 3 young, 3 biennial and 3 5-year-old shoots.

Pests and diseases

Black currant variety Orlovsky waltz is resistant to many diseases and pests, but if not properly cared for, currants can be joined by:

  1. Septoria is a fungal disease that appears in humid climates, with insufficient lighting and with a thickened planting. With a disease, small brown spots appear on the leaf plate, which grow and discolor by mid-summer. At the first signs of the disease, damaged leaves and shoots are removed, and then the bush is treated with 1% Bordeaux liquid. For prevention, annual pruning of the bush, digging of row spacings and timely removal of plant residues are carried out.
  2. Anthracnose - the leaf plate becomes covered with small, red spots, which, without treatment, begin to grow, darken and swell. For prophylaxis, a double treatment with 1% Bordeaux liquid is carried out: before the start of sap flow and in the fall after harvesting.
  3. Columnar rust - the leaf plate is covered with small orange-colored spots. Without treatment, foliage curls, dries up and falls off. The bush is treated with fungicides or Bordeaux liquid 3 times per season: before foliage bloom, during bud formation and after flowering.
  4. Terry is a viral disease that does not respond to treatment. When infected with a virus, the leaf plate lengthens and becomes pointed, and the flowers appear deformed and sterile. When the first signs appear, diseased bushes are removed from the ground and burned.
  5. Currant aphid - the first signs of the appearance of a pest are leaf twisting and the formation of swollen neoplasms on the surface. To prevent the disease, currant bushes are spilled in early spring by sprinkling with boiling water. When a pest is found, the plant is treated with broad-spectrum insecticides or folk remedies.
  6. Kidney mite - if large buds form on the bush in spring, it means that the plant has been hit by a kidney mite. The tick is dangerous because it is a carrier of terry. In early May, the infected buds are removed, and the bush is sprayed with broad-spectrum insecticides.

Conclusion

Currant Orlov waltz is a high-yielding, frost-resistant variety that can be grown in the southern and northern regions. The plant is unpretentious, subject to agrotechnical rules and timely pruning, you can get a generous harvest of tasty and healthy berries.

Reviews about black currant Orlov waltz

Orlova Olga Olegovna, 45 years old, Volgograd

I really like black currant, grated with sugar. Therefore, I grow several varieties on the site. I think my favorite is the Oryol waltz. Since it is high-yielding, large-fruited, unpretentious. There are no difficulties in growing, only I carry out timely pruning and prevention from pests and diseases.

Pisarev Ivan Ilyich, 65 years old, Ufa

I have been growing black currant Oryol waltz for about 10 years. The variety is unpretentious, for a large harvest it does not require pollinator varieties. With proper care, the plant thanks a large, tasty and healthy berry, from which delicious jam, compotes and jams are obtained. I advise everyone to purchase the high-yielding and large-fruited variety Orlovsky Waltz.


Watch the video: How To: Prune blackcurrants (September 2021).