You can plant a rosehip in the country to get useful fruits or for decorative purposes. In both cases, it is necessary to study the rules for growing a crop.
Is it possible to grow rose hips from berries
You can grow a rosehip not only from a ready-made seedling, but also from seeds in berries. It is necessary to collect material for planting from adult plants for about 4-6 years. In this case, it is best to store seeds from slightly unripe berries - the shell of the seeds in them does not yet have time to harden properly, and it is easier to germinate the culture.
Is it possible to grow rose hips at home
Rosehips can be grown in an apartment, although planting and caring for the plant is associated with certain difficulties. The culture grows well in small pots and pleases with beautiful flowering. But since the home bush cannot grow abundantly, its fruiting is also questionable.
Rosehips in an apartment should be bred for decorative purposes.
When to plant rosehip bushes
Rosehip takes root well and quickly in the ground throughout the warm season. But it is best to plant before the start of the active growing season or after its end.
When is it better to plant rose hips - in spring or autumn
If necessary, rose hips can be planted on the site in early spring. But it is better to do this in the fall, in which case the plant will take root faster.
When to plant rose hips in the fall, in what month
It is recommended to plant rose hips in October or early November, shortly before frost. When growing shrubs in Siberia or the Urals, the dates can be shifted to the beginning of autumn, since the cold in these regions comes earlier.
When to plant rose hips for seedlings
Rosehip seeds harvested at the end of summer must first be dried from moisture, and then refrigerated in moist sand for six months. Long-term stratification increases the germination of the material and the endurance of future plants.
How correctly, seeds are removed from the refrigerator at the beginning of March. The planting material is soaked in warm water and then sown into the soil.
Rosehip growing conditions
Most rosehip varieties have good hardiness and do not have strict planting requirements. But it is still necessary to pay attention to the choice of location and soil.
Where is it better to plant a rosehip in a summer cottage
Rosehip is recommended to be placed on hills and well-lit areas. The plant tolerates planting in partial shade, but it is important to find a place for it away from groundwater. The roots of the shrub penetrate deep into the ground and can rot in wetlands.
Rosehip can be planted on almost any soil. The main thing is that the earth is not too acidic, in such conditions the shrub will develop slowly and can get sick. The optimum for the culture is a pH of about 6.0; if necessary, the soil is lime before planting to the desired state.
Is it possible to plant roses and rose hips next to each other
Rosehip is closely related to roses, but is more aggressive in nature. When planted next to an ornamental crop, it will suppress it and hinder development.
How to grow rose hips from fruits
To grow a rosehip in the country from seeds, you need to study the rules for cultivating a culture. In general, the algorithm is quite simple:
- After harvesting in mid or late August, seeds are extracted from the plants, washed from the pulp residues and slightly dried. For the whole autumn and winter, the material in the wet sand is removed to a dark and cold place for stratification.
- In March, before planting, the container with seeds is removed and the seeds are soaked for 12 hours in warm water. Shallow pots or wide boxes are filled with a mixture of garden soil, sand and peat in equal proportions and superphosphate and potassium chloride are added - 30 g per 10 liters of soil.
- Seeds are planted in rows to a depth of about 2 cm, leaving 1.5 cm between individual seedlings. The grooves are sprinkled with soil and abundantly moistened with a spray bottle, and then covered with a film.
- For a month, the seeds are germinated in a warm place with diffused lighting, airing and moisturizing from time to time. After the emergence of seedlings, the shelter is removed, and the container is placed on a sunny windowsill.
In the future, the seedlings continue to be regularly moistened and fed with potassium minerals every two weeks. The seedlings are transferred to the ground at the end of May or in October.
After the appearance of a pair of true leaves, rosehip seedlings dive in separate containers
Advice! So that the soil at the roots of the rose hips does not sour when planting from seeds, from time to time it needs to be loosened with a small rake.
How to grow rose hips on a stem
The standard rosehip forms look very impressive, and at the same time you can grow them yourself without buying a ready-made tree in the nursery. The algorithm looks like this:
- Seeds are extracted from the ripe fruits of an adult plant, stratified in the refrigerator in the classical way until spring and sown at the end of March or in April. In autumn, the strongest and most hardy shoots are selected and planted in the soil, after which they are grown for two years.
- In the third year, the selected plants are carefully excavated and all shoots are removed from the root collar, except for the thickest and most straight. The lateral branches are shortened to 20 cm. Future stems are transferred to a prikop or stored until spring in a cold cellar.
- With the onset of the new season, the dog rose is removed, its roots are examined and the frozen and broken parts are removed, after which they are planted in a permanent place with a 2 cm deep root collar. A peg is placed next to it, to which a stem is tied in several places.
- At the end of July, thorns around the eye are broken off on the selected shoot of a varietal rosehip or decorative rose. A stalk about 2 cm long is left from the leaf adjacent to the bud.
- With a sharp knife, the peephole is separated from the shoot, and a T-shaped incision is made on the rootstock. The graft is inserted into the made "pocket" and pressed with the bark, and then the graft is fixed with a bandage so that the stalk and bud remain outside.
The dressing is removed from the vaccine after the scion begins to grow - this will mean that it has taken root
With a well-performed procedure, engraftment should take 2-4 weeks.
How to grow rose hips at home
When planting at home, it is not always possible to achieve fruiting from the rosehip. But it blooms beautifully, so in any case it is popular as a houseplant.
The rosehip planting scheme is quite simple:
- Seeds harvested at the end of summer are washed with water, dried and stored in moistened sand in a refrigerator for several months. From time to time, the substrate needs to be stirred and liquid added as it evaporates.
- In early spring, small pots are filled with a mixture of leafy soil, peat and compost in equal proportions, and some sand, wood ash and superphosphate are also added. The seeds are removed from the refrigerator, soaked for 12 hours and buried in separate containers by 2 cm, after which they are sprinkled with soil.
- After planting, seedlings are abundantly sprayed with water, covered with a film and removed for a month in a warm place with dim lighting. When the first shoots appear, the shelter is removed and the pots are placed on the warmest and sunniest windowsill. As the soil dries up, the seedlings are watered with lukewarm water.
- As the culture grows, it dives into new pots - each time they should be slightly larger than the previous ones. Plants are not planted in too wide containers, the soil in this case will turn sour.
To grow a rosehip at home, you need to fertilize it from the second year of life to flowering, at the beginning of the decorative period and in the middle of summer. You can use complex minerals, as well as an infusion of chicken manure. Fertilizers significantly increase the likelihood that the rose hips will bear fruit indoors.
As the home rosehip grows, it needs to be pruned - this improves flowering
With the onset of winter, when planting at home, the plant is rearranged away from hot batteries so that the foliage does not dry out and does not get burned. Top dressing is stopped, and the bush is watered only once a month.
Attention! If in late autumn or winter the rose hips bloom when planting at home, the buds will need to be removed.
How to plant rose hips in spring
Planting rose hips in spring with seedlings generally follows the standard algorithm. It is only necessary to prepare a place for the shrub in advance and not to miss the optimal time:
- In the fall of the previous season, the site chosen for the culture is dug up and, if necessary, the soil is lime. To enrich the soil, it is recommended to add rotted manure and compost to it.
- After thawing the soil in the spring, but before bud formation, at the end of March or early April, a hole of about 50x50 cm is dug on the site.A layer of drainage is laid at the bottom, and then half the hole is covered with a mixture of garden soil, peat and compost.
- A rosehip seedling, previously soaked in water for two hours, is lowered into a hole and the roots are spread along the sides of the mound. From above, the plant is covered with the remains of the earth flush with the surface.
Immediately after planting, the rosehip is watered abundantly. When rooting several bushes, 1-1.5 m of space is left between them at once.
In order for a rosehip seedling to take root faster during spring planting, its shoots are cut to 10-15 cm
How to plant rose hips in summer
A hardy dog rose is able to successfully root on the site even during summer planting. But when conducting it, it is important to take into account some of the nuances:
- A couple of weeks before transferring the plant to the ground, a hole is prepared about half a meter in depth, it is covered with soil up to half, and potash and phosphorus fertilizers are added. The purchased seedling is soaked in water for several hours so that its roots are properly saturated with moisture.
- According to the standard algorithm, the dog rose is lowered into the hole and covered with soil to the end. Immediately after this, the plant is watered with 3-4 buckets of settled heated liquid. The soil at the roots is immediately mulched with straw or dry grass so that the moisture evaporates as slowly as possible.
- A shading is installed over a young summer seedling - a mesh or thin white material is pulled. The scorching sun can seriously damage the plant.
It will be possible to remove the protective canopy only after fresh foliage begins to appear on the rosehip.
For summer planting, the dog rose can be additionally watered even before the pit is covered with earth.
Advice! For summer planting, it is better to choose a dry, but cloudy and, if possible, cool day.
How to plant a rosehip bush in the fall
The period from October to November is considered the best time for planting rose hips. A shrub that has already passed into a state of dormancy easily takes root in the ground and manages to adapt in a new place even before the very cold:
- Shortly before planting, the plants on the site dig a hole about 50 cm deep, it is necessary that it is twice the size of the root system. A mixture of ordinary garden soil, rotted manure and compost is poured into the hole until the middle.
- Before planting, a young dog rose is pruned so that the length of thick branches does not exceed 10 cm.The roots of the plant can also be shortened to 20 cm.
- The seedling is briefly immersed in a "chatterbox" made from clay diluted with water. Then the plant is lowered into the hole and the roots are straightened, after which they are covered with earth to the end.
Rosehips are watered with 3-4 buckets of water and sprinkled with sawdust or dry peat on the near-stem circle. After the onset of the first cold weather, the plant is carefully insulated with a layer of mulch of about 10 cm and covered with a non-woven material on top.
The neck of the dog rose during autumn planting is buried 5-8 cm below the soil surface
How to plant rose hips along the fence
When planting and caring for rose hips in the Moscow region and other regions, the plant is often used to form a flowering hedge along a regular fence. The bushes need to be arranged according to a special algorithm so that as they grow, they turn into a dense, but neat green wall:
- The site before planting the plants is carefully marked out - they pull the rope according to the outlines of the future hedge, retreating about 50 cm from the fence. Holes are dug in the ground with a distance of about 40-60 cm from each other. To make the bushes take root faster, you can add a glass of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium sulfate to each of the holes.
- In seedlings, the underground part is cut off to 15-20 cm and soaked for a short time in a clay solution with an added growth stimulant. After that, the bushes are lowered into prepared pits, half covered with earth. Root collars are buried up to 6 cm.
- The planted plants are abundantly moisturized by pouring at least a bucket of water under each instance. On the front side of the future hedge, a restriction is immediately established from corrugated board, old slate or other material, deepening the border to 50 cm. This will prevent the development of root growth.
For the winter, young plants are insulated and covered, and with the onset of spring they are looked after according to the standard algorithm. As the planting develops, you will need to trim; to simplify the procedure, you can also use the markings from the stretched rope.
Rosehip, planted by the fence, not only decorates the fence, but also protects the site from the entry of animals
How to care for rose hips
The unpretentious dog rose after planting requires the gardener to comply with the most basic rules. It is important to moisturize, feed and prune the plant in time.
When and how to water
When growing rose hips in the garden and caring for it, watering the plant is necessary as the soil dries up in the near-stem circle. The soil should remain slightly moistened, while it is important to avoid waterlogging.
For plants from two years old and older, watering can be carried out up to 3-4 times a season in the absence of severe drought. Each time, 2-3 buckets of settled water are brought under the bush.
How to fertilize
Planting and caring for rose hips in the open field includes regular nitrogen fertilization, they begin to be applied from the second year of the plant's life. For the first time, fertilizers are added in early spring, then in June-July during the development of the stems, and finally in August or September.
Advice! Once every three years, organic matter is introduced under the bush - 3 kg of humus or compost each.
When and how to trim
Rosehip requires the first pruning 2-3 years after planting. In order for the plant to produce good yields, it is recommended to leave 15-20 branches on each of the bushes. It is desirable that all shoots be of different ages, but not older than seven years.
If a plant can be trimmed as the crown thickens, then sanitary pruning is carried out annually at the beginning of spring. In the process, remove all weak and diseased shoots, as well as branches growing inside the bush.
Disease and pest control
Planting and caring for a garden rosehip is rarely complicated by the fight against fungi and insects. But the danger to culture is still posed by:
- powdery mildew - the leaves and shoots of the plant are covered with a whitish bloom, which in the first stages can be easily removed with your fingers;
Powdery mildew interferes with photosynthesis in the leaves, and as a result, the plates wilt and fall off
- black spot - in the second half of summer, dark brown marks appear on the leaves and petioles;
Black spot is characterized by uneven star-shaped markings.
- rust - the leaf plates are covered with yellow-orange pads, as the disease develops, the rosehip dries out.
- Rust affects not only the leaves, but also the shoots of the rose hips.Rust affects not only the leaves, but also the shoots of the rose hips.
In the fight against rosehip fungi, you can use copper preparations, Bordeaux liquid, as well as Fundazol, Strobi and Abiga-Peak. Spraying is carried out several times per season at intervals of 2-3 weeks.
Important! Regular application of potassium to the soil increases the resistance of the shrub to powdery mildew and other fungi.
Of the pests, the following insects can damage the rosehip:
- sawflies - the larvae of the pest eat the leaves and make moves inside the young shoots of the plant;
If the sawfly is weakly damaged by the sawfly, the caterpillars from the leaves can be collected manually
- leaf rollers - caterpillars feed on young leaves and shoots and greatly harm the green mass of the shrub;
It is easy to recognize the leaf roll by the characteristic deformation of the sheet plates.
- spider mite - the insect entangles shoots and leaves with a thin cobweb, feeds on plant sap and also carries incurable viral ailments.
Spider mites grow on rose hips in dry weather
With a weak infestation with pests, it is possible to control them with the help of an ordinary soap solution. If the insects have managed to seriously damage the plant, it is worth using acaricides and insecticides - Aktara, Aktellik and other means.
Preparing for winter
Most varieties of rose hips tolerate winter cold well. But the bush still needs shelter, especially for young seedlings.
Before the onset of cold weather, the roots of the wild rose are densely mulched with peat, sawdust and fallen leaves. The thickness of the layer should be at least 10 cm. Low and compact bushes are additionally wrapped with non-woven material along the crown to protect sensitive branches from freezing and damage.
You can plant rose hips throughout the season, from spring to late autumn. The shrub has few requirements for care, needs moderate watering and regular feeding. Ornamental varieties need to be trimmed from time to time to maintain their shape.