Advice

Lacquered polypore (Reishi mushroom, Ganoderma): medicinal properties and contraindications, photo and description, reviews of doctors in oncology


Reishi mushroom is found in sources under a different name. Its popularity is due to the presence of incredibly healing properties. Mushrooms are difficult to find in the wild, so they are often grown on their own on sawdust or stumps.

What is Reishi mushroom and what does it look like

In scientific sources, the medicinal type of mushrooms is called lacquered Ganoderma. In Japan, there is another name - Reishi Mushroom. The literal translation means - a mushroom of spiritual strength. The Chinese gave the name - Lingzhi, meaning "sacred mushroom" or "mushroom of immortality". On the territory of the post-Soviet space, the mushroom is better known as varnished Tinder.

Reishi's patent peel lives up to the name of the mushroom

Lacquered tinder fungus grows on dry and dying trees. Most often found in deciduous forests on birch, oak, alder, beech. Reishi can occasionally be found in pine trees. Tinder fungus grows on the lower part of the trunk or stump. Sometimes the mycelium settles on the roots of an old tree. One gets the impression that the mushrooms simply grow from the ground. Annual fruiting bodies are more common, but there can be two- and three-year-old Reishi.

Important! In nature, the mushroom grows in summer. When grown at home, fruiting bodies can be harvested year-round.

Description of the hat

The Reishi has an unusually beautiful brown hat with a diameter of 3-18 cm. The round shape looks like a loose fan. The edges of the Reishi cap are slightly wavy, thin, and can be bent down. The glossy skin gives beauty. The gloss resembles a varnished finish. On the surface of the cap, growth zones are clearly visible, each of which has a different shade.

The shades of the growth zones of the fungus range from brown to orange, and the edge may be white

The flesh of a young Reishi resembles a cork. As it ages, it becomes hard, almost woody. The taste and aroma of the mushroom are not expressed. The spore-bearing layer consists of many tubes with a maximum length of 1.5 cm. The pores of the Reishi are rounded and small in size. The color of the spore-bearing layer of a young tinder fungus is white. Over time, it acquires a brown color.

Leg description

Externally, Reishi may have slight differences when comparing mushrooms grown on different substrates. However, the structure of the leg remains in common among tinder fungi. It grows on the side of the cap, and not in its center.

The tinder fungus has a leg located on the side of the cap.

Among similar species, Chinese reishi mushrooms differ in that they grow on high legs. The length varies from 5 to 25 cm. The leg thickness is 1-3 cm, depending on age. The shape resembles an uneven cylinder. Skin structure and color are similar to those of the cap.

How and where does the reishi mushroom grow in Russia

The homeland of the tinder fungus is considered to be the territory of China, Japan, Korea. The mushroom is widespread in the south of Asia. For this reason, it is believed that the high cost is associated with the place of growth.

On the territory of other countries, the Reishi lives more in subtropical and, less often, temperate latitudes. In Russia, Ganoderma has chosen the forests of the Krasnodar Territory, Altai and the North Caucasus.

Healing tinder fungus is found in deciduous forests of Russia

Reishi is hard to find in the forest. Only experienced mushroom pickers know the place. It is pointless to look for mushrooms on fresh trees. You need to go to areas where there is a lot of moisture, dry trunks, stumps and the sun warms up well.

Reishi mushroom picking rules

They go hunting for mushrooms in summer. The optimal period is July - early November. Finding and collecting reishi takes a lot of time and effort. Hence, the high cost of production is formed. For medical purposes, Ganoderma is more often used, artificially grown on a substrate or stumps.

How to dry reishi mushroom

Dried Ganoderma goes on sale. When self-collecting reishi, fruiting bodies are first wiped with a dry napkin. You cannot wash them. Hats and legs are cut into large pieces, dried in the oven in two stages. The first time the mushrooms are laid out on a baking sheet with parchment, heat treated at a temperature of 45 aboutC for 3 hours. At the end of the first, the second drying stage begins immediately. The parchment on the baking sheet is replaced, the dried fruit bodies are laid out, they continue to dry in the oven for another 3 hours, but at a temperature of 75 aboutFROM.

Important! Dried reishi are packaged in clean jars, sealed tightly with lids, and stored for up to two years.

Is the mushroom edible or not

Reishi is not poisonous, but it does not belong to edible mushrooms either. Ganoderma is used only for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. Infusions, extracts, powders, tablets and other preparations are made from tinder fungus.

Pretty tinder fungus is not an edible mushroom

What is the taste of reishi mushroom

Ganoderma has a pronounced bitter taste. It is because of this, as well as the firm structure of the pulp, that the mushroom is not eaten.

Doubles and their differences

Polypores have many varieties. All of them are parasites, as they grow on a tree and feed on it. However, only the lacquered Ganoderma mushroom has a long stem. All other tinder fungi grow with a hat to the tree.

Agaricus is the only mushroom that can be confused with Reishi

The Reishi's counterpart is Agaricus. People call him agaric. Tinder fungus is inedible, it is similarly used for medicinal purposes. Only an inexperienced mushroom picker can confuse agaric with reishi. It grows similarly on a tree, only without a leg and loves larch, fir, cedar. Less commonly, agaric is found on birch. The mushroom cap grows into the wood. Agaric has a rough surface. Growth zones are white, gray with brown patches. Tinder fungus grows weighing up to 10 kg, up to 30 cm long.

Why Reishi Mushroom Benefits

Due to the unique healing properties and the richness of vitamins, it is customary to use Reishi mushroom only for medicinal purposes. The fruiting body contains:

  • polysaccharides that help to strengthen human immunity;
  • amino acids that remove toxins;
  • acids that destroy tumors.

Mushroom of immortality is full of nutrients and vitamins

The pulp of the mushroom contains vitamins B, C, D, zinc, phosphorus, calcium and other trace elements. Ganoderma has phytoncides, saponins, alkaloids.

Reishi contains several times more nutrients than popular foods

The healing properties of ganoderma

Buddhist monks knew about the medicinal properties of the mushroom. He was an integral part of their life. Reishi is now used by medical centers in France, Japan, America and other countries.

What Reishi Mushroom Cures

Polypore is considered the best natural antioxidant. It has been established that after taking medications based on the fungus, the body, liver and other organs of a person are rejuvenated.

In more detail, the Reishi accept:

  • for weight loss;
  • against diabetes, allergies;
  • with diseases of the kidneys, joints, gastrointestinal tract;
  • during a cold;
  • to strengthen immunity, improve mood, normalize the work of the cardiovascular system;
  • with benign and malignant tumors, nodular goiter, pathologies of the central nervous system.

Reishi-based preparations are taken as a general tonic to help normalize sleep and lead an active lifestyle.

How does reishi mushroom affect blood pressure?

Preparations based on tinder fungus normalize blood pressure. Improvement of the patient's condition occurs within 1-2 weeks of admission.

How to cook reishi mushroom for healing

In order for Ganoderma to help in curing a specific disease, you need to properly prepare the drug from the mushroom.

Infusions, extracts are made from reishi, medicinal tea is brewed

How to make vodka reishi mushroom tincture

For an alcoholic medicinal tincture, you need 500 ml of vodka or medical alcohol, diluted with distilled water to 70 about... Place 50 g of crushed mushroom in a glass dish. You can use a dark glass bottle as a container. The contents are poured with vodka or alcohol, insisted for 2 weeks in a dark place. Shake the bottle periodically. When the alcoholic tincture of the Reishi tree fungus is ready, you do not need to filter it. Usually take 1 tsp. 30 minutes before meals, but it all depends on what kind of ailment is being treated.

Lacquered Polypore Powder

Powdered mushroom is used as a food additive. A pinch of Reishi spice is added to tea. The powder can be used to prepare medicinal products such as ointments or rubbing.

Oil extractor

The oil extract has effective healing properties. To prepare the extract, you will need 50 g of dry mushroom powder and 500 ml of flaxseed oil. The crushed reishi is poured into a bottle. The oil is heated to a temperature of 45 aboutC, poured into a container with powder, cork and shake. Reishi extract is infused for 7 days. They consume 1 tbsp of oil. 3 times a day half an hour before meals.

Advice! During treatment, it is effective to alternate the intake of oil extract and alcoholic infusion every three days for 1-1.5 months.

Infusion

An aqueous infusion is prepared immediately before use. There are several recipes. The first option involves infusing 50 g of reishi powder in a thermos with water heated to a temperature of 45 aboutC, throughout the day. Infusion of 1-2 tbsp. added to ordinary drinking water, consumed on an empty stomach three times a day.

The second option is based on placing 1 tbsp in a thermos. tinder fungus powder. Two glasses of water are boiled, raw materials are poured, left to infuse for 8 hours. Ready infusion is drunk in 1 tbsp. 3 to 4 times a day.

How to make wine tincture of reishi mushroom

Among the alcoholic tinctures, a preparation made with wine is famous. It helps well to heal asthma, heart disease, nervous system disorders. For the preparation of wine infusion, take 3 tbsp. mushroom powder. Raw materials are poured into 500 ml of red wine, insisted in a cool place for two weeks. The finished infusion is not filtered. Take from 1 to 3 hours half an hour before meals. The frequency and duration of taking Reishi depends on the treatment for the particular ailment.

How to use and take reishi mushroom medicinally

There is no general instruction for taking drugs based on Ganoderma. It all depends on the form of release, treatment of a particular ailment and other factors. It is important to remember that the reishi mushroom can bring benefits and harm, so you need to consult your doctor before using it.

Means based on tinder fungus are used internally and externally

How to take reishi mushroom for oncology

Mushroom-based preparations are included in general therapy only with the permission of the doctor. Self-medication can lead to bad consequences. In the fight against tumors, 4 recipes are often used:

  1. 1 tbsp. ground mushroom is poured with 500 ml of water. Cook for 30 minutes. Drink the broth before meals for 1 tbsp. l.
  2. Alcohol infusion is taken 20 drops before meals 3 times a day.
  3. Ground mushroom flour is added to food during cooking a couple of minutes until cooked.
  4. A glass of boiling water is poured into a thermos 1 tbsp. shredded reishi. After 12 hours of infusion, tea is drunk in 1 tbsp. before eating.

There are other options, but positive reviews of those who used the Reishi mushroom are more found about these recipes.

With gout

The disease is associated with the deposition of salts in the joints. Pain in the legs and arms begins to appear more often in older people. It is impossible to completely cure the disease. However, the use of drugs from Ganoderma helps to relieve inflammation, swelling, redness, and relieve pain. Ganoderic acids, as well as substance C 6, are responsible for the process of anesthesia. All substances contain mushroom extract.

With diseases of the cardiovascular system

Tinder fungus preparations are used in the clinic for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Reishi triterpene ganoderic acid reduces the level of triglycerides and lipoproteins in the blood of patients to 74%, leading to active inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis. Taking the capsule drug "Lin Chi" for 10 days helps to reduce blood pressure by 42.5%.

With bronchopulmonary diseases

For the treatment of the respiratory system, the pharmaceutical industry produces capsules containing reishi extract. However, medications are less effective than fresh broths and infusions. The beneficial substances of the fungus accelerate the recovery of patients with tuberculosis. To prepare and receive the broth, use the following recipe:

  1. Add 1 tbsp to a saucepan with 700 ml of water. chopped mushroom. Cook for 30 minutes over low heat.
  2. The resulting broth is filtered through cheesecloth. Drink 1 glass before meals 3 times a day.

The broth can be heated before use. To make the drink more pleasant, add a little honey.

Important! If during the treatment with reishi decoction deterioration is noticed, you need to consult a doctor.

With diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Reishi is accepted by people with gastrointestinal diseases. The substances contained in the composition relieve inflammation, improve the functioning of the digestive system. The mushroom helps well in the treatment of the pancreas. The broth is obtained from 500 ml of water and 2 hours of ground mushroom. The drug is brought to a boil, after which it is left to infuse for 30 minutes. The broth is drunk before meals in a heated form, 1/3 cup.

With liver diseases

If liver disease is associated with excessive alcohol consumption, Ganoderma will help to remove toxic substances, speed up their metabolism. Reishi extract is taken for treatment. The patient learns about the improvement of the condition by the disappearance of weakness, dizziness. In addition, the extract protects the liver from destructive biological and physiological factors affecting it.

With diabetes mellitus

Ganoderma polysaccharides help reduce blood sugar levels in diabetic patients. An aqueous decoction is prepared for patients, which acts as an adjuvant to medications. The broth enhances the properties of insulin, prolongs its action.

For allergies

Allergic reactions are often manifested by itchy skin, the appearance of edema. Ganodermic acids and other active substances eliminate symptoms, alleviate the patient's condition. Extracts, ointments and other preparations from the fungus help in the treatment of almost all manifestations of skin dermatitis.

Against viruses, infections, fungi

Lacquered polypores are able to stop the spread of a viral infection or fungus throughout the human body. According to reviews, the medicinal properties of the Reishi mushroom are well manifested in the fight against herpes. The broth is taken 30 minutes before meals. To prepare 2 hours of crushed mushroom, pour 1 glass of water, boil for 5 minutes. After cooling, the broth is filtered through cheesecloth.

For immunity

To prevent the development of any disease, drugs from tinder fungus are taken simply to maintain immunity. Studies have shown that after a month of taking Reishi, the immune system was restored to normal values ​​and was maintained throughout the year.

Against depression and fatigue

The initial manifestations of depression, fatigue eventually develop into neurasthenia, complex neurological diseases. Decoction, extract, capsules, tincture of Reishi mushroom has a calming effect, helps relieve stress.

How many days to drink Ganoderma

In each individual case, the duration of the drug intake is determined by the doctor. The recommended doses must be observed and not self-medicated. Usually, any drug from tinder fungus is used for no more than a month.Reishi begins only after a two-week break. For cancer patients, the continuous course is extended to 2 months.

Can Reishi Mushroom Be Taken During Pregnancy

Doctors do not recommend taking Reishi medications for pregnant women or mothers who are breastfeeding their babies.

Why Reishi Mushroom Is Good For Losing Weight

Ganoderma is useful not only for treatment. The mushroom helps to lose weight, restore balance in the body, thereby improving the overall well-being of a person.

Lacquered polypores help reduce appetite, which is useful for overweight people who decide to lose weight

In different sources, there is truth and lies about the Reishi mushroom, so lovers of weight loss need to carefully check the information so as not to harm their body. The truth is that tinder fungus drugs help:

  • remove excess fluid from the body that causes swelling;
  • reduce appetite;
  • dissolve body fat;
  • enhance metabolic functions;
  • improve the elasticity of the skin;
  • feel a surge of strength.

The action of the drugs is aimed at blocking the absorption of fats by the human body. After reaching the norm, the weight is kept in one position for a long time, there is no tendency to gain extra pounds.

For weight loss, special preparations from the mushroom are sold. The most popular are capsules. However, there are still reishi fees for brewing tea, special coffee and hot chocolate.

The use of lacquered tinder fungus in traditional medicine

In the east, the mushroom is considered the best on the list, which includes 365 of the most effective medicinal plants. The Chinese consider Ganoderma more valuable than even ginseng.

Chinese pharmaceutical industry launches capsules from Ganoderma

Medical institutions in such developed countries as America, Canada and France are studying the medicinal properties of the mushroom. Pharmaceutical companies in Japan sell Ganoderma dry extract, which is considered the best anticancer drug. The Chinese industry has established the production of slimming capsules.

The use of ganoderma for cosmetic purposes

Tinder fungus is rich in polysaccharides and polypeptides that slow down skin aging. The effect is achieved by enhancing the synthesis of nucleic acid. As a result, cell division increases.

You can learn more about rejuvenation from the video:

Tinder fungus extract restores the water balance of the skin, gives the body elasticity and smoothness. Additionally, a barrier is created that prevents infections from entering the skin. The pure extract is usually not used but added to skin care products.

Reishi mushroom contraindications

Reishi mushroom has beneficial properties and contraindications that you need to know before taking medications. First of all, tinder fungus should not be taken by pregnant women, nursing mothers, children under 1 year old. The fungus is contraindicated for individual intolerance, for people with hemorrhagic diathesis, if there is a tendency to bleeding.

Important! Before any use of drugs from tinder fungus, you need to consult a doctor.

How to grow reishi mushrooms at home

Thanks to artificial cultivation, Geoderma is not worth its weight in gold, since it is difficult to get the mushroom in nature. Tinder fungus is grown on stumps and sawdust. One sowing is enough for 5 years of harvest.

More details about growing reishi are shown in the video:

On the stumps

If there are old stumps from fruit trees on the site, they will be an excellent basis for growing tinder fungus. You just need to purchase mycelium. Coniferous trunks are not suitable for this purpose.

Polypore grows well on stumps of fruit trees

If there are no stumps, dry logs can be placed in nutritious moist soil. For sowing mycelium in wood, holes are drilled 7 cm deep, 1.2 cm in diameter. The mycelium is sold on wooden sticks. They just need to be inserted into the holes and covered with paraffin. The area with stumps is covered with foil. You can sprinkle the logs with slightly damp soil. Germination will begin at a temperature of 20-26 aboutFROM.

On sawdust

The most popular method is to grow tinder fungus on sawdust. The substrate is poured into bags. 20% of barley or oat husks and 2% of chalk or gypsum are added to the sawdust from the total volume.

Growing tinder fungus on sawdust resembles the cultivation of oyster mushrooms

The substrate is not used dry. First, it is soaked in water, sterilized at a temperature of 90 aboutC. After cooling, the prepared mass is laid out in bags. The mycelium is sown in layers. The bags are placed in a ventilated area. The air temperature is maintained at 18-26 aboutC, humidity - at least 75%. Germination will begin in 15-20 days. By this time, cuts should be made on the bags with a knife for fruit bodies.

Interesting facts about varnished tinder fungus

The first mention of the miraculous power of the mushroom was found in the treatises of Chinese doctors dated 2000 years ago. The ancient medical literature of Japanese healers contains a similar mention. Here the mushroom is mentioned as a remedy that gives eternal youth and longevity.

Reviews about reishi mushrooms

Treatment with tinder fungus cannot be carried out without consulting a doctor. There are many reviews on this topic. They are worth studying for general information.

Reviews of real people on the use of Ganoderma

Victoria Donchenko, 25 years old, Moscow

I have been obese since childhood. I learned about the miraculous mushroom from a nutritionist friend. I took capsules from Geoderma for a month. I dropped the weight by 10 kg. I'm taking a break now. Until I gained extra pounds. The appetite has decreased.

Evgenia Korostyleva, 37 years old, Krasnodar

I took a decoction of tinder fungus to calm the nervous system. After a month of taking, the nervous tension disappeared. Sleeping better. In addition, autumn, winter and spring passed without colds. I felt a general improvement in my condition.

Reviews of doctors on the use of reishi mushrooms in oncology and not only

Valentina Tkacheva, nutritionist

Of all my patients, 80% went to lose weight after taking a month's course of capsules. Reishi did not have a negative effect on the body. In addition, there are positive changes in patients with stomach disease.

Yana Talyzina, therapist, nutritionist

Reishi-based slimming products are prescribed to all my patients. This is the only drug that allows you to maintain good physical shape without harming other organs. After taking the course, people notice an improvement in their well-being, they suffer less colds.

Conclusion

Reishi mushroom will only be beneficial when taken correctly. One must not forget about the recommendation of the attending physician, and if something goes wrong, you must immediately go to the appointment.


Watch the video: Introduction To The Reishi Mushroom (May 2021).