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How and how to fertilize roses during the flowering period in summer: timing, folk remedies

How and how to fertilize roses during the flowering period in summer: timing, folk remedies


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Top dressing of roses in summer is one of the main stages of caring for a shrub. The number of buds and the duration of subsequent flowering depend on this. But in order for the plant to please its appearance throughout the season, it is necessary to use fertilizers correctly and observe the timing of their introduction. Ignoring the recommendations can backfire and harm the plant.

Rose bloom directly depends on nutrition

Why do you need to fertilize roses in summer

Rose belongs to the category of crops that are responsive to fertilization. Therefore, in the summer, when the plant has several waves of flowering, it needs good nutrition.

It is necessary to feed roses in summer for:

  • active bud formation;
  • increasing the intensity of the color of the petals;
  • strengthening the strength of young shoots;
  • increasing plant resistance to adverse factors;
  • improving the quality of cutting.

At this time of the year, organic and mineral mixtures should be used. They can be applied in dry and liquid form, as well as root and foliar feeding.

Important! In summer, the need for nitrogen in shrubs is significantly reduced, since active vegetation occurs in spring.

The plant needs the following components in summer:

  • potassium - promotes the formation of buds, increases their number, strengthens the immune system, improves the absorption of other nutrients;
  • phosphorus - prolongs flowering, strengthens the shoots;
  • calcium - creates a favorable soil microflora;
  • iron - improves the process of photosynthesis, prevents the development of chlorosis;
  • magnesium - increases the intensity of the color of the petals, promotes enzymatic processes.

When feeding roses in the summer in the country, you need to remember that an excess of nutrients also negatively affects the development of a shrub, as well as a deficiency, therefore, the dosage must be observed.

Dates of feeding roses in summer

You need to fertilize this flowering shrub several times in the summer. The first procedure should be carried out in mid-June during the active formation of buds. The second time to add nutrients should be at the end of the first wave of flowering. After all, the rose must have time to replenish the spent supply of substances and prepare for the formation of new buds. Therefore, the second top dressing in the summer should be done at the beginning of July.

Subsequently, use of nutrient mixtures should be at the end of the second wave of flowering. This time, the procedure should take place in August, when the process of growing shoots of the plant slows down and the shrub should begin preparing for winter.

Fertilizing blooming roses accelerates the withering of buds

Rules for feeding different types of roses

Depending on the type of shrub, fertilizer needs to be applied in different ways. For flowering flowers once a season, this procedure should be applied at the stage of bud formation, as well as after their wilting. To do this, use purely phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. They allow you to significantly extend the flowering period, increase the color intensity. Also, the use of these fertilizers promotes the maturation of young shoots, which increases the frost resistance of the shrub.

Re-flowering species need regular fertilization in the summer. After the first wave of flowering, they need strength to grow new shoots and buds. Therefore, for such shrubs, complex fertilizers should be used, which will replenish the supply of nutrients spent and prepare for a new wave of flowering.

Important! Garden re-blooming roses need to be fertilized once every 2-3 weeks, and potted roses every 10 days.

How and what to fertilize roses in summer

Depending on the stages of development of the shrub in the summer, you need to use different fertilizers. This will not only stimulate lush flowering, but also strengthen immunity to adverse factors.

Fertilizers can be applied in the summer by root and foliar method. In the first case, the simplest option may be to prepare an aqueous solution that you need to water the rose. It is necessary to carry out such a procedure after rain or irrigation of the soil in order to avoid burns. Root dressing of roses in summer can also be done dry. To do this, a small ditch should be made around the perimeter of the root circle of the shrub, where fertilizer should be poured, and then covered with soil.

The dry method is better for high humidity

Foliar dressing of roses in summer involves spraying the shrub with a nutrient solution on the leaf. To do this, you need to dilute the fertilizer in water, according to the instructions, mix thoroughly. And then use the resulting liquid as directed.

This procedure should be used in summer in cloudy, calm weather. In this case, it is important to evenly wet the leaves not only from the top, but also from the back, since it is there that the suction stomata are located.

Important! With the foliar application of fertilizers, it is necessary that the moisture has time to be absorbed before sunset, otherwise it can provoke the development of fungal diseases.

How and what to feed roses in summer in June

During this period of the year, the plant continues to grow and at the same time buds are formed for the first flowering. Therefore, in June, it is recommended to use organic fertilizers, where there is about 30% nitrogen, which is quite enough to maintain growth processes.

For the first summer feeding, it is recommended to use the following fertilizers:

  1. Chicken droppings. To prepare the fertilizer, it is necessary to dilute this component with water 1:20 in advance. Insist the resulting solution for 10-14 days, until the fermentation process ends. Also dilute the concentrate with water 1:10. The prepared fertilizer can be watered at the root at the rate of 3-5 liters per bush, depending on age.
  2. Mullein. To prepare fertilizer, you need to pour 1 part of manure with 5 liters of water and stand for 1 week. During this time, the mixture must be stirred periodically. At the end of the waiting period, dilute the concentrate with water in a ratio of 1: 3 and use at the rate of 1.5 liters for each bush.
  3. Wood ash. This component must be used in the form of a hood. To do this, pour 200 g of 1 liter of boiling water. Withstand the mixture for a day, and then strain. Dilute the resulting concentrate with water in a ratio of 1:10. Shrubs should be fertilized at the rate of 2 liters per 1 bush.

The first summer top dressing can also be carried out dry. To do this, lay a 2-3 cm thick humus mulch at the base of the plant, and then water it abundantly. As a result, moisture with nutrients will go to the roots.

It is impossible to fertilize roses in summer with fresh manure, since it contains ammonia, which negatively affects the root system of the plant.

Top dressing of roses during flowering in summer in July

Directly during summer flowering, fertilizers should be applied only as a last resort, if the appearance of the shrub indicates a lack of nutrients. Most often this occurs due to prolonged rains, which contribute to the leaching of the necessary components from the soil. And also this is facilitated by the incorrect conduct of the previous feeding, which led to an excess of some substances and a lack of others.

In this case, special mineral mixtures should be used, containing a whole range of useful substances in an accessible form for the plant.

Recommended fertilizers for feeding roses during the summer flowering period:

  • Kemira Lux;
  • "Kristalon" (Fertika);
  • Azotovit (Industrial Innovation);
  • Gloria (Fusco);
  • Agricola (Technoexport).

Important! When using ready-made complex fertilizers, you must adhere to the indicated dosage in the instructions so as not to involuntarily harm the plant.

Any of these preparations contains the necessary components

Top dressing of roses in summer before the second flowering

At the end of the first wave of flowering, top dressing should be applied, which will allow the plant to restore strength, stimulate the formation of new buds. At this time, the shrub already needs less nitrogen, but the need for phosphorus and potassium increases. It is these components that contribute to abundant, long-term flowering and increase resistance to adverse factors.

Nutrient composition for top dressing before the second flowering for 10 liters of water:

  • 15 g of ammonium nitrate;
  • 15 g of potassium sulfide;
  • 30 g superphosphate.

Spray or water the bushes with the resulting solution in the evening.

Top dressing of roses in summer after flowering

At the end of the second wave of summer flowering, you need to cut off the wilted buds, fertilize the bushes. During this period, it is impossible to use nitrogen even in a minimal amount, as this will negatively affect frost resistance.

Recommended composition at the end of the second flowering:

  • 40 g superphosphate;
  • 15 g of potassium sulfide;
  • 30 g of potassium magnesium.

Also at the end of summer, you can feed the roses with wood ash, which contains the necessary nutrients for this period.

What folk remedies can fertilize roses in summer

This flowering shrub can be fertilized with folk remedies based on natural ingredients. Even a novice gardener can cook them.

Useful tools:

  1. Banana peel. This component contains large amounts of potassium. To prepare the fertilizer, you need to remove the skin from 5 bananas. Fold them into a three-liter container and fill with warm water. Withstand the resulting infusion for 72 hours. At the end of the waiting period, apply for spraying the bushes.
  2. Eggshell. This natural component contains a whole range of nutrients. To prepare a fertilizer based on it, you need to put the shell of 6 eggs in a five-liter container and fill it with water to the top. After 3 days, the resulting product can be used as directed.
  3. Shoots and leaves of nettle. This plant is characterized by a high content of iron and potassium. To prepare fertilizer, you need to take any container. It needs to be filled 2/3 of its volume with grass, and then filled with water so that the liquid covers the nettle. Withstand the infusion for 10 days, covered with a lid. At the end of fermentation, the concentrate can be used, but it must first be diluted with water 1 to 10.

Important! Folk remedies should be used in combination with mineral preparations, which will improve the nutrition of the plant.

Recommendations

Fertilize roses in the summer, taking into account the stage of development of the shrub. Only in this case will the plant bloom profusely and for a long time, as well as maintain resistance to pests and diseases.

Recommendations for the procedure:

  1. Fertilizers with a high nitrogen content should not be used in summer.
  2. It is necessary to feed the shrub during the flowering period only in exceptional cases.
  3. Do not exceed the indicated dosage and fertilize roses more often than 1 time in 2 weeks.
  4. Root dressing should be done only in wet soil.
  5. During a prolonged drought, it is better to spray the bushes with a nutrient solution, since with a lack of moisture, the functionality of the root system decreases.

Wood ash is a valuable source of nutrients

Conclusion

Top dressing of roses in summer is very important, since during this period the shrub blooms. This procedure helps to restore the spent energy, prepares the plant for the next stage of the life cycle. But it is necessary to apply nutrient mixtures correctly, only if they will be as beneficial for the plant as possible.


Watch the video: How To Prune And fertilize your Rose Flower Plants to get maximum flowers (September 2022).


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