We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Tomato Blue Pear is a collection, author's variety. The plant is indeterminate, tall, mid-maturing, with an unusual color of the fruit. Planting material is not available for sale, you can purchase seeds for breeding only on the originator's website.
The blue pear is an exotic cultural representative. Information about which varieties of tomatoes were used for breeding is protected by copyright. The creator and copyright holder is the Ukrainian breeder R. Dukhov. On account of his 29 varieties of culture. The Blue Pear tomato has won several prizes at various tomato festivals. The variety is not included in the State Register list, it is recommended by the originator for open and closed cultivation.
Description of tomato variety Blue pear
The Blue Pear variety is not a hybrid; the plant produces seeds that are used for further tomato cultivation. The bush is tall, without limiting the end point, it can grow up to 2 m.When cultivating in a greenhouse, the top is broken at a level of 180 cm.On an open area, the recommended stem height is 160 cm.If you do not pinch the top, the tomato will grow until frost to the detriment of the weight of the fruit.
The bush of the Blue Pear variety is formed by two stems, the main and the first strong lateral shoot. During the entire growing season, the plant is tied up and stepson. The tomato is mid-season. The first fruits in the open field ripen in mid-July, in the greenhouse this happens a week earlier. The last crop is harvested in early October.
The concentration of anthocyanin, which is responsible for the color of tomatoes, depends on the degree of light
Attention! With a deficiency of ultraviolet light, the fruits will be brown.
Characteristics of the Blue Pear tomato (pictured):
- Stems are of medium thickness, light green, tough, finely pubescent.
- The foliage is sparse, up to 5-6 lanceolate-type leaf plates with carved edges can form on one long cuttings. The upper part is slightly corrugated, with a net of veins, light green, the lower one with a gray tint and a sparse edge.
- Fruit clusters are simple, the first tab is formed after the fourth leaf. The density is 5-8 ovaries.
- The Blue Pear variety is self-pollinated, blooms with yellow small flowers, the ovaries do not crumble, each gives a full-fledged fruit.
Important! The root system does not grow much, which allows planting up to 4 tomatoes per 1m2.
Description of fruits
A feature of the variety is considered a varied shape and color of fruits. It is difficult to find identical tomatoes on the same bush. They can be predominantly brown in color with a slight purple patch near the stalk, or completely blue with a small brownish-red patch below. Some tomatoes have dark streaks on a lighter background.
Biological characteristics of the Blue Pear fruit:
- the shape of a tomato can be pear-shaped, oval, slightly flat, rounded, divided into several lobes;
- the average weight is 90 g, on the first clusters there are specimens up to 200 g, the last ripening tomatoes - 60 g, on the remaining clusters - 80-120 g;
- the surface near the stalk is ribbed;
- the peel is thin, dense, glossy, not subject to mechanical stress during transportation;
- the pulp is dark cherry, juicy, dense, without voids. The seed chambers are small, there are not many seeds.
Important! Blue pear is a variety for salad purposes: the taste is balanced, the concentration of sugars and acids is the same.
The nightshade smell in the fruits of the Blue pear is expressed in moderation
Characteristics of the Blue Pear tomato
The variety is not grown for the food industry or commercially in farm fields. On the seed market, there is no free sale of planting material. You can purchase seeds of the Blue Pear variety from the originator or exotic tomato lovers. The plant is characterized by good stress resistance, does not respond to temperature changes. If damaged by recurrent frosts, it quickly recovers.
Tomato yield Blue pear and what affects it
The blue pear is a tall tomato. Six or more fruit clusters can form on one stem. The yield of the variety is high. On average, about 20 kg are harvested from 1 m2, in greenhouse conditions the figure is 3-5 kg higher.
Fruiting in closed structures will be stable if the irrigation regime is observed and additional fertilizing is applied. In an open area, the indicator is influenced by the sufficiency of lighting and the absence of stagnant water in the soil. To increase the yield, it is necessary to remove the brushes from which the harvest and leaves were harvested, pinching is mandatory so that the nutrients go not to build up the green mass, but to form tomatoes.
Disease and pest resistance
The blue pear variety is characterized by good resistance to infections. Subject to agricultural technology and preventive treatment in the greenhouse, the plant practically does not get sick. On unprotected soil, infection with tobacco mosaic and late blight is possible.
Of the pests, the main threat to tomatoes Blue pear is spider mites and aphids
Scope of the fruit
Tomatoes are versatile in use. Used to prepare salad, included in assorted vegetables. Processed into juice, puree or ketchup. The size of the fruit allows the tomatoes to be preserved whole. They tolerate heat treatment well and retain their integrity.
Advantages and disadvantages
The blue pear differs little from the common indeterminate varieties of tomatoes with a simple structure of the fruit cluster. The advantages include:
- high productivity;
- the ability to grow in any way;
- good immunity;
- universal use of fruits;
- pleasant taste;
- compactness of the bush, insignificant foliage;
- standard agricultural techniques.
Important! There is only one drawback to the culture: tomatoes can crack when excessively moist.
Features of planting and care
Tomatoes are grown in seedlings. Seeds collected from tomatoes grown on the site remain viable for up to 3 years. The Blue Pear variety is not prone to degeneration. Before sowing, the collected material is placed in an antifungal agent or manganese solution for 2-3 hours.
Seedlings are planted in April:
- The containers are filled with a fertile substrate that has previously been calcined.
- The furrows are deepened by 1.5 cm and the seeds are laid out every 1 cm, covered with a substrate, and moistened.
- The containers are covered with a film, after the emergence of seedlings, the covering material is removed.
When the plant forms three leaves, it is dived
When the soil warms up to +17 0C and the weather stabilizes, seedlings of the Blue Pear variety are planted on the site. In each climatic zone, planting dates are individual. They stretch over the whole of May. It can be placed in the greenhouse at the end of April.
- The soil is dug up, a complex mineral fertilizer and compost are applied.
- You can plant seedlings in separate holes or in a continuous furrow at a distance of 40 cm.
- The tomato is placed at a right angle so that the stem with the root lay on the ground, covered with leaves, watered.
When buds appear on the tomato, they spud it, form a bush and cover the soil with mulch.
Agrotechnics of the Blue Pear tomato variety:
- Weeds are removed when they first germinate.
- If there is no mulch, loosen the soil near the bushes.
- Top dressing is a prerequisite for growing a Blue Pear tomato. Fertilizers are applied from the moment of budding to the end of fruiting. Superphosphate, potash, phosphorus alternate, maintaining an interval of 20 days. Liquid organic matter is given every week.
- Water the tomato root every evening. You will need about 7 liters for each bush.
The stems are constantly tied up, the lateral processes, lower leaves and empty brushes are removed.
Pest and disease control methods
In order to prevent the defeat of a fungal infection, the plant, after hilling, is treated with copper sulfate. During the period when the ovaries appear, they are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid. Apply treatment with any of the means when the fruits reach milk ripeness.
When the first signs of infection appear, the irrigation regime is adjusted. "Fitosporin" is used against late blight, and "Novosil" is used against the tobacco mosaic virus. Severely affected areas are cut and removed from the garden. At the first signs of the spread of a spider mite, the Blue Pear variety is sprayed with Aktellik.
If aphids appear, the leaves with insects are cut off, the whole bush is treated with "Aktara"
Tomato Blue Pear is an indeterminate tall variety with unusual fruit color for culture. Tomatoes have a high gastronomic characteristic, are versatile in use, and are suitable for processing. The variety is characterized by standard farming techniques. The tomato is recommended for cultivation in greenhouses and outdoors.
Reviews of the tomato Blue pear
Victor Sedov, 42 years old, Perm
I have been growing Blue Pear tomatoes in a greenhouse for 3 seasons. I liked the fruits to taste, I decided to collect the seeds and get seedlings from them. Germination is good, planting material grows quickly, I did not guess a little with the sowing time, I transplanted it into the greenhouse when there were already buds on the tomatoes. But all the plants took root, did not get sick, and went into growth in unison.
Svetlana Petrova, 52 years old, Ivanovo
For the first year I tried to grow tomatoes Blue pear in the garden in an open way, the harvest was good, but lower than stated in the characteristics. I liked the taste very much, the next season I planted it in a greenhouse, the result was pleasantly pleased, I gathered about 6 kg from one tomato. I made a winter preparation with yellow and red varieties, it turned out quite nicely.