Centaury, or yarrow - a useful plant that anyone can use in the garden. The reason for its growing popularity lies in unusual decorative properties and a wide range of coverage of ailments in the fight against which this herb helps. The article is devoted to the description of the centaury, its healing abilities and recipes for various kinds of disorders.
Description and range of the centaury
Among the people, the centaury has several other names: centuria (centarium), menorah, heartroot, spool, goldenrod, tirlich grass, as well as centaury umbrella and small. This grassy annual, less often biennial, is a representative of the gentian family, grows up to half a meter in height. On its single straight stems with four faces - small oblong leaves collected at the root into a rosette, and closer to the top of the stem - sessile, lanceolate. The root system of the corber itself is large and highly branched.
The time for flowering of the spool falls in the summer and lasts from June to July-August: the plant is decorated with small pink bright flowers in the form of stars (up to 1.8 cm), which are collected in dense inflorescences and subsequently give fruit-boxes.
The plant is widely distributed in Ukraine, Russia, as well as in many countries of Central Asia, Europe and North America. Centaury prefers open, sunny places: meadows, clearings, forest edges, river banks and hills.
Collection, preparation and storage of medicinal raw materials
For medical use, the aerial part of the plant, including the root rosette, is collected. The best time to collect raw materials is the beginning of the flowering period; you need to ensure that the lower leaves do not have time to turn yellow. The stems are cut with a sickle or knife at a height of five to eight centimeters, laid out on paper in a small layer or tied in bundles and dried in a dark and cool room (in the attic, under a canopy). In addition to natural drying, you can also use a dryer to speed up the process, in which case the temperature is set at 40-50 degrees Celsius. Harvested material can be stored in cloth bags or paper bags for no more than two years.
On the question of which species is used for medicinal purposes, opinions diverged. Some believe that only the centaury small has healing properties, while others consider the centaury ordinary, umbrella, beautiful to be miraculous. Before you start collecting herbs, you must consult a specialist.
Medicinal properties of centaury
The chemical composition of grass
The secret of recognition of the spool as a folk and traditional medicine lies in the rich chemical and biological composition of its stems and foliage. Serdechnik contains useful substances such as alkaloids, organic acids, vitamins, carbohydrates, essential oils, resins, phytosterols, macro- and microelements (iron, tin). It is believed that the plant owes its pharmacological properties to the alkaloid gentianin; it also contains gentiopicrin, whose anthelmintic effect has been officially confirmed experimentally.
Medicinal properties and benefits of centaury
The use of semisilnik is accompanied by a wide range of positive effects on individual organs and the whole organism. As a rule, the herb is indicated for use by people suffering from disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, since centaury has a pronounced tonic and stimulating effect on intestinal motility. In addition, decoctions and teas from this plant will help in the fight against constipation, worms and lack of appetite, so it is often used to treat anorexia, which appeared on the nervous soil.
Thanks to its antiseptic properties, the spool will become a faithful assistant in restoring normal physical condition in the postoperative period, while having a calming effect on the nervous system that has undergone a stressful situation. In addition to the use of complex therapy for serious diseases such as cholecystitis or chronic hepatitis, yarrow can also be consumed as tea with ordinary headaches and to remove bile from the body.
Thanks to the anti-inflammatory and healing effect, the spool is effective in combating some skin diseases - for their treatment, external use of folk remedies in the form of compresses or rubbing is necessary.
According to the reviews of those who tried to use centaury, the medicine begins to act from the first days of administration. These include pregnant women who report an improvement in the digestive tract, the disappearance of headaches and constipation, as well as a general increase in the tone of the weakened body.
Contraindications and possible harm to the spool
Taking medications, in which there is a cornelian, is contraindicated in patients with peptic ulcer of the stomach or intestines, since with these disorders there is an increased acidity. You should also abandon the grass in case of individual intolerance to its components, diseases of the kidneys, liver and age less than 12 years. An overdose can result in even greater gastrointestinal upset.
The use of centaury in folk medicine
From the dried spool, infusions and tinctures are usually prepared, but it can also be added to tea herbal preparations and make decoctions. Below are the most popular recipes to date.
- Infusion with reduced appetite. For cooking, you need two tablespoons. Raw materials: they are placed in an enameled container with 200 ml of heated water and kept in a water bath for fifteen minutes. Then the mixture is cooled for about an hour, filtered, squeezed and again brought to a volume equal to 200 ml with boiled water. The resulting infusion is stored in the refrigerator for no more than a couple of days. To obtain the desired effect, 125 ml of warm infusion is drunk 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
- With increased acidity, constipation and heartburn. 20 gr. Spools are poured with a liter of water and held for half an hour in a water bath. Take 0.2 liters.
- A simple recipe for chronic gastritis. A tablespoon of semisilnik pour boiling water and wait half an hour. Taken before meals, 1 spoon.
The benefits of centaury
Alcohol tincture of centaury
Tincture is prepared in a ratio of 10 to 1, that is, 50 grams of raw material is taken for 500 ml of seventy percent alcohol. Insist the mixture in cool for three weeks. The drug is taken once in a dose of 10 drops. Alcohol tincture is effective in eliminating symptoms such as nausea, flatulence, heartburn, etc.
The medicine for alcoholism with centaury
When dealing with such a common problem as alcoholism, you can also seek help from a heart specialist as part of complex therapy. To prepare the infusion, you need four parts of the spool and one part of wormwood. The raw materials are mixed and poured with boiling water in the ratio of liter / 4 tbsp. Insist exactly 60 minutes under the lid. Method of application: 1 spoon for ½ hour before meals three times a day.
Treatment fees with centaury
- Against SARS and the flu. In this infusion, seven-thousandth is one of the three components; it is also necessary to take equal parts of chamomile and a three-leaf watch. 4 tbsp the mixture is placed in 600 ml of boiling water, then infused for 30 minutes; these 0.6 liters are drunk in three doses in one day. The drug copes with a febrile condition.
- Cholagogue with inflammation of the gallbladder. The collection consists of a seven-man tree, an airy root and flowers of sandy zmin. Equal parts of the components are placed in 600 ml of cold water at night, and in the morning they boil for 5 minutes in a water bath. Take on an empty stomach, and then after a meal during the day.
- "Gastric collection." It consists of valerian root, spool and chamomile flowers, taken in equal proportions. The raw materials are cooked in water (250 ml - 6 g of the mixture) for 30 minutes and consumed 50 ml four times a day in a heated form.
Worm tincture recipe for worms
For preparation, 250 ml of vodka and 2 tablespoons are taken. raw materials. Tincture is prepared for 2 weeks in a dark room; every day you need to shake it. Reception - 30 minutes before the meal, 15 drops per tablespoon of ordinary water.
Features of growing centaury in the garden
Herb seeds can be easily found in the wild. This plant is well adapted to life on any soil, but will more successfully develop on fertile. In addition, before sowing, you need to make sure that there are no aggressors such as thistle and wheat grass in the soil.
The sowing procedure is quite simple: mixed with sand in proportions of 1 to 4-5. Material is sown superficially on previously watered grooves. The ideal time is early spring. After the sowing procedure, the bed should be covered with polyethylene: so the seedlings will sprout faster. Young plants need to be closely monitored and often weed. Centaury grows slowly, but surely, giving the owner a generous harvest in the second year of life.
To simplify the procedure for planting, you can first plant seedlings at home. It is necessary to start doing this in February-March. The grown plants are planted in open ground at a distance of 7 cm from each other.
Golden Leaf Recipes
Goldenrod is a wonderful herb with a lot of useful properties. However, it must be remembered that any drug requires careful handling, therefore, before using the plant, consult a professional.