Advice

Is it possible to get poisoned with mushrooms: symptoms and signs


It is quite difficult to get poisoned with saffron milk caps, but it is quite possible. Mushroom lovers need to know the main symptoms of poisoning and emergency measures in cases where trouble has occurred.

Is it possible to get poisoned with mushrooms

Most varieties of camelina belong to the category of uniquely edible mushrooms, which do not even require lengthy processing before cooking. In addition, saffron milk caps have a very recognizable appearance - it is difficult to confuse them with poisonous mushrooms. Therefore, it is generally accepted that it is impossible to poison yourself with saffron milk caps.

This opinion is erroneous. Absolutely any mushroom can cause food poisoning, mushrooms are no exception. Poisoning usually occurs for the following reasons.

  • The mushrooms were stale, rotten and too old - spoiled mushrooms naturally cause poisoning, since putrefactive processes take place in their pulp even at the stage of collection.
  • The fungi were collected in an ecologically unfavorable area. Mushroom pulp very quickly and actively accumulates toxic substances that come with air and precipitation. If you pick mushrooms near roads or railways, large cities and industrial enterprises, the risk of poisoning increases significantly.
  • The mushrooms were improperly salted. If you salt or pickle mushrooms with violations of traditional technologies, then after a while the mushrooms in the jar will simply deteriorate, and, accordingly, their use will cause severe poisoning.
  • The mushrooms were cooked in a galvanized pan or bucket, mushrooms can only be processed in enameled dishes, galvanized iron enters into a chemical reaction with mushrooms, and the pulp of the mushrooms accumulates harmful compounds.
  • The mushrooms were not picked by hand, but bought on the market from an unverified dealer, in such a situation it is very difficult to check the quality and freshness of the fungi. If the product is purchased already pickled or salted, then it is almost impossible to be sure that under the guise of camelina the seller did not offer completely different mushrooms.

Another common cause of mushroom poisoning is picking errors. There are no poisonous twins in saffron milk caps, but they have a strong resemblance to conditionally edible fungi.

  • The mushroom is often confused with the pink wave. This fungus is good for food, but first you need to soak it for a long time, and then cook it thoroughly. If you mistakenly process the volushka in the same way as the saffron milk cap, that is, simply boil, salt or fry without soaking, then the matter will end in severe poisoning.
  • You can also confuse camelina with amber milkman. The fungus is not poisonous, but its smell and taste are sharp and bitter. Millechnik, in principle, is not accepted to be eaten, usually, even after long processing, it is used only as a spicy seasoning.

Important! Even the use of healthy and high-quality mushrooms can lead to poisoning. If there is an individual allergy to the product, or there are diseases from the list of contraindications, fungi will also harm.

How long does it take for the symptoms of mushroom poisoning to appear?

When using low-quality fungi, the first signs of poisoning may appear at different intervals. The period depends on many factors, namely:

  • from the amount of mushrooms eaten;
  • on the degree of their toxicity;
  • on the state of the body and the presence or absence of chronic diseases;
  • on the age and weight of a person who has eaten low-quality mushrooms.

On average, symptoms of poisoning become noticeable in the period from half an hour to 6 hours after eating the mushrooms. As a rule, the sooner the poisoning occurs, the stronger it is and, accordingly, requires drastic measures.

Symptoms and signs of mushroom poisoning

If the deterioration occurred on the same day when the mushrooms were eaten, there is no doubt that fresh or cooked mushrooms are to blame for the poisoning. In mild cases of poisoning, the symptoms usually appear as follows:

  • pain and cramps in the abdomen;
  • nausea and increased gas production;
  • diarrhea;
  • a slight increase in temperature and a rapid heartbeat.

Severe poisoning is accompanied by the same symptoms, but more serious symptoms can join them, namely:

  • severe sweating and severe tachycardia;
  • heat;
  • diarrhea with traces of blood;
  • dizziness and blurred vision;
  • general muscle weakness and confusion.

Poisoning with pickled or salted mushrooms is especially dangerous. If at least one poorly processed mushroom got into a jar with canned food, then pathogenic bacteria will probably multiply in the pickles. You can get poisoned with salted mushrooms up to complications in the heart, kidneys and liver; in the absence of emergency assistance, these organs may refuse.

Attention! Especially rapid and severe poisoning occurs in cases where the use of saffron milk caps was accompanied by the intake of alcohol. Alcohol enhances the effect of toxic substances and also helps them spread faster along with the blood throughout the body.

First aid for poisoning with saffron milk caps

Gingerbreads are definitely edible mushrooms and do not contain toxic substances by themselves. But the consequences of poisoning with spoiled or improperly preserved mushrooms can be very severe. Therefore, it is imperative to seek medical help in case of poisoning, competent treatment will help to avoid future complications and long-lasting consequences.

But at the first signs of poisoning, assistance to the injured person must be provided even before the arrival of doctors. The measures are usually taken as follows.

  • The stomach is urgently washed, especially if the fungi have been eaten recently. To remove them from the body, you need to drink at least 5 glasses of pure water one by one, and then artificially induce vomiting. If necessary, repeat the procedure until the stomach is completely empty.
  • Cleanse the intestines. To quickly remove toxic substances from the body, you need to take a powerful laxative with the shortest possible duration of action. An even more effective way is to administer a cleansing enema.
  • Give the victim as much water or sweetened black tea as possible. Drinking plenty of fluids provokes urination and helps to quickly remove toxic substances from the body.
  • Place the patient in a horizontal position and provide him with complete rest until the arrival of doctors. After poisoning with fungi, in no case should you do household chores, go to work or for a walk, deterioration can occur at any time.

If poisoning with saffron milk caps is accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, it is strictly forbidden to take pharmaceutical preparations that stop nausea and diarrhea. The fact is that the body in this case will not be able to get rid of toxic substances, they will remain in the tissues and internal organs and continue their destructive work. Thus, the poisoning will become more severe, and the consequences can be much more serious.

Important! It is also necessary to consult a doctor because even with mild poisoning, it is impossible to determine exactly whether it is caused precisely by low-quality saffron milk caps. It is always possible that an unusable or poisonous species was eaten with edible mushrooms, or that industrial toxins and heavy metals were present in the pulp.

Prevention of poisoning

Few people can resist the temptation to feast on juicy and delicious mushrooms. But it must always be remembered that the product poses an increased danger, and that it is easier to prevent poisoning than to treat its consequences.

Adherence to several rules will help make the use of saffron milk caps safe:

  • It is necessary to collect mushrooms only in clean forests, located far from railways and highways, factories, large cities and garbage dumps.
  • When collecting, preference should be given to young mushrooms. It is they who have the juiciest and healthiest pulp and are not yet affected by insects, it is better not to touch the old overgrown mushrooms, they are not only less tasty, but also dangerous.
  • Before cutting the mushroom, you need to carefully examine it and make sure that it is an edible mushroom, if there is any doubt, it is better not to touch the mushroom.
  • After collecting, the mushrooms must be thoroughly cleaned of adhering debris and rinsed in cold water - any missed dirt can lead to poisoning.
  • Fresh mushrooms cannot be stored for too long - they must be processed within the first 12 hours after harvest, otherwise the mushrooms will start to deteriorate.

When salting and pickling camelina mushrooms, it is allowed to use only enameled and glass dishes; salt mushrooms in galvanized pots and bowls is strictly prohibited. Salting is required to be carried out in accordance with all the rules, using clean sterile jars for canning, and the workpieces should be stored in dark places with a temperature of no higher than 15 ° C.

If the lid is swollen on a closed jar with canned mushrooms, then in no case should you eat fungi - this indicates that putrefactive processes are taking place inside. Purchased mushrooms should be purchased in trusted stores, it is not recommended to take them on the market and from hand, without certification.

Advice! Pregnant women and nursing mothers should completely abandon the use of saffron milk caps - for them, possible poisoning is a particular danger. Also, you should not offer mushrooms to children under 6-10 years old.

Conclusion

It is quite possible to get poisoned with mushrooms, and sometimes this can lead to serious consequences. If poisoning occurs, you need to immediately take measures to remove toxins from the body and call a doctor, even if the symptoms seem not too dangerous.


Watch the video: Mushrooms in My Garden - CAN I EAT THEM? (November 2021).

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