Chamora Turusi strawberries are distinguished by their mid-late ripening period, high yield and excellent taste. The origin of the variety is not exactly known; according to one version, the berry was brought from Japan.
Strawberries have their own characteristics that must be considered when growing. Chamora Turusi is considered an unpretentious variety that can cope with frost.
You can evaluate the external qualities of the variety from the photo:
Description of the variety
Chamora Turusi strawberry has the following characteristics:
- matures with short daylight hours;
- has tall, vigorous shrubs with many leaves;
- forms a lot of mustache;
- has high winter hardiness, but does not tolerate drought;
- strawberries are not very susceptible to powdery mildew;
- requires additional treatment for fungal infections;
- comb-shaped fruits, rounded, deep red;
- berries have a bright aroma of wild strawberries;
- the average weight of Chamora Turusi fruits is from 50 to 70 g;
- the maximum weight of fruits is from 80 to 110 g;
- yield - 1.5 kg per bush;
- the duration of fruiting strawberries - 6 years;
- the maximum yield is harvested 3 years after planting;
- the first berries ripen in mid-June, the peak of fruiting occurs at the end of the month.
Caring for Chamora Turusi strawberries includes watering, pruning dried and diseased leaves, and loosening the soil. Particular attention is paid to watering and fertilizing. Feeding strawberries is carried out several times per season.
Chamora Turusi reproduces with a mustache or by dividing a bush. Plant seedlings quickly take root and grow.
The mustache is not taken from the bushes that brought the harvest, since Turusi directed most of Chamora's forces to ripening the berries. In this case, the plant is not capable of producing high-quality seedlings.
For propagation of strawberries, uterine bushes are chosen, on which all the buds are removed. The strongest whiskers are left on the plants.
The strong root system of Chamora Turusi strawberry allows propagation by dividing the bush. For this, plants are selected that give a rich harvest. The procedure is carried out in the spring so that young plantings have time to adapt to new conditions.
The seedlings are preliminarily placed in small pots with soil and peat and placed in a greenhouse for several weeks. In the first year, the buds of Chamora Turusi are removed to help them take root.
The Chamora Turusi variety is planted in black earth, sandy or loamy soils. Before planting, the soil is fertilized with nutrients.
If the soil is sandy, then under the influence of the sun, the roots of the strawberry dry out. As a result, the size and number of fruits are reduced. Such soil should be fertilized with peat or compost in an amount of up to 12 kg for each square meter of Chamora Turusi plantings.
In heavy clay soils, the root system of strawberries develops slowly. Coarse river sand will help improve the quality of the soil. High beds with a drainage layer of branches are often set up.
Advice! Strawberries prefer well-lit areas that are sheltered from the wind.
Leave up to 50 cm between the bushes to avoid thickening of the plantings. With good ventilation, Chamora Turusi gets sick less and does not attract insects. With this method of planting, it is easy to remove the mustache, weed and loosen.
Important! Strawberries grow well on soils where onions, cabbage, beans, rye, and legumes previously grew.
The seedling is placed in the ground to a depth of 15 cm, the roots are straightened and sprinkled with earth. For planting Chamora Turusi, they choose the end of August so that the plant takes root and gains strength. If the region is characterized by cold and little snowy winters, then strawberries are planted in May.
The Chamora Turusi variety requires moderate watering. With a lack of moisture, the plant withers, the leaves become tough, and the berries become small. Excessive watering will also not benefit the strawberries - the bush will rot, the fruits will become watery in taste, gray rot and brown spot will spread.
Advice! Strawberries begin to water in late April (in warm climates) or early May.
Before the first watering of the plants, the mulch layer and old foliage are removed. The procedure is carried out in the morning to avoid burning the leaves. Watering Chamora Turusi requires water with a temperature of 15 degrees. The water can be preheated.
Important! In the spring, each strawberry bush needs up to 0.5 liters of moisture.
On average, it is enough to water the plantings once a week. In hot weather, the procedure is performed more often. Fertilization (mullein, minerals, etc.) is often combined with watering.
Chamora Turusi does not tolerate drought well. Therefore, when the temperature rises in summer, strawberries need to be watered. Moisture access is especially important during fruiting. Then it is allowed to water daily.
Advice! Watering strawberries is carried out from a watering can, a hose or from a drip system.
Drip irrigation includes a network of pipelines that provide moisture to the plant roots. As a result, moisture is evenly distributed and its consumption is reduced.
Pruning and loosening
Strawberry Chamora Turusi is prone to rapid overgrowing, therefore, requires constant care. In the spring and after the end of fruiting, you need to remove the mustache, old and diseased leaves. A secateurs are used for work.
In the fall, you can remove all the leaves of the strawberry to channel its forces into the formation of the root system. This procedure has its drawbacks, since the buds from which the berries appear are eliminated. The plant will take longer to grow green mass.
Important! You need to remove excess leaves in the spring to preserve the harvest.
In September, the soil is loosened to a depth of 15 cm between the rows of Chamora Turusi. Under the bush, the depth of loosening is up to 3 cm so as not to damage the rhizome.
Loosening improves oxygen access to the roots, which has a positive effect on the development of strawberries. A pitchfork or metal bar is required for loosening.
Additionally, the beds are covered with a layer of sawdust, peat or straw. So, Chamora Turusi receives protection from pests, and the soil retains moisture and heat better.
The use of fertilizers increases the yield of the strawberry and promotes its development. To get the largest berries, Chamore Turusi needs to provide a comprehensive feeding. Even in the absence of nutrition, the plant is capable of producing fruits weighing up to 30 g.
Summer residents feed strawberries in several stages:
- in the spring before flowering;
- after the appearance of ovaries;
- in the summer after harvest;
- in the autumn.
The first feeding is carried out in the spring after removing old leaves and loosening. During this period, it is necessary to ensure the supply of nitrogen to the Chamora Turusi strawberries, which contributes to the growth of the green mass of plants.
The solution is prepared on the basis of chicken manure (0.2 g) per 10 liters of water. A day later, the agent is used for watering.
Advice! When ovaries appear, Chamoru Turusi is fertilized with an ash solution (1 glass per bucket of water).
Ash contains potassium, calcium and phosphorus, which improve the flavor of the berries and accelerate their ripening. When the crop is harvested, the strawberries are fed with nitrophos (30 g per bucket of water).
In the fall, the mullein is used to feed strawberries. 0.1 kg of fertilizer is enough for a bucket of water. During the day, the remedy is insisted, then the strawberries are poured under the root.
Protection against diseases and pests
The Japanese variety Chamora Turusi is susceptible to fungal diseases - brown and white spot, lesions of the root system. The development of diseases can be determined by the presence of spots on the leaves and the depressed state of strawberries.
Treatments are performed in the spring before the strawberry blossoms. For treatment, fungicides are used that destroy the fungus (Ridomil, Horus, Oksikhom).
When in contact with plants, they form a protective layer that prevents disease from developing. Additionally, you can water the soil with an iodine solution (20 drops of iodine in a bucket of water).
Advice! Medicines for diseases are used by spraying.
Chamora Turusi can suffer from beetle larvae, slugs and weevils. Treatment with insecticides ("Calypso", "Aktara", "Decis") will help protect the planting of strawberries.
Insect treatment is carried out before flowering. Equipment of small ditches where ash or tobacco dust is poured will help protect strawberries from slugs. Additionally, plantings are treated with a solution of iodine, ash or garlic.
Alexandra, 45 years old, Ulyanovsk
Chamora deserves the most flattering praises. During the season, rot has never appeared on the strawberries. I prepared the beds in October, there were not enough seedlings, so even weak bushes were used. Surprisingly, they all took root. There were frosts two weeks after planting, but the strawberries survived them. Today I have two beds with massive strawberry bushes and large berries.
Nadezhda, 56 years old, Kirov
Among all large-fruited varieties, the Chamora Turusi strawberry ripens the fastest, and is distinguished by its high strength. When arranging the beds, I bring in ash and organic matter, then the berry grows weighing up to 100 g. Up to 1 kg of harvest is harvested from a young bush. The main thing is to leave more free space between the bushes. Strawberries are used to make preparations for the winter, and they quickly leave fresh.
Igor, 64 years old, Ufa
I am growing Chamora Turusi for sale. The berries are large and sweet and are always in demand. For 1 sq. m I plant no more than 4 bushes. Strawberries grow quickly, there is never a shortage of planting material. In the heat, I watched the baking of fruits, when in June they dry up half-green, but the gray rot did not bother. But it tolerates frosts without problems, especially if the snow cover is high.
Vladimir, 45 years old, Stavropol
Chamora Turusi is one of the latest berries in my garden. The berries need constant watering, since ripening occurs in 3-4 days. With a lack of moisture, they do not grow so large, however, they acquire a sweet taste. For planting strawberries, I use only fertile soils, I prefer not to overdo it with fertilizers. I treat the bushes in the fall with fungicides, while there were no problems with diseases.
Chamora Turusi is appreciated for its taste, unpretentiousness and large berries. The variety is suitable for growing for sale, canning and freezing. Strawberries need proper care, which includes watering, loosening, pruning, and protection from insects and diseases.