Presowing treatment provides crops with protection from diseases and pests. One of the methods of dressing seeds and tubers is the use of Maxim. Fungicide is as safe as possible for humans and the environment. The active substance destroys fungal cells, strengthens the immunity of plants and increases their productivity.
Description of the fungicide
Fungicide Maxim is an effective agent for dressing seeds, tubers and bulbs by storage or planting in the ground. The drug protects garden and agricultural crops from harmful fungi.
The main active ingredient is fludioxonil, which destroys fungus at the cellular level. As a result, the immunity of plants to diseases increases during the growing season.
The active ingredient is of natural origin. After use, the concentrate works for 48 days.
Important! The drug forms a protective film that prevents the development of diseases on plants and planting material.
The dressing agent Maxim belongs to the substances of the 3rd hazard class. When interacting with him, take precautions.
The drug is produced in ampoules and vials with a volume of 2 to 100 ml. For processing a large amount of planting material, the fungicide is purchased in containers from 5 to 20 liters.
The dressing agent Maxim has the form of an odorless suspension, easily diluted with water. Pigments of bright red color are added to the concentrate, which makes it possible to control the etching quality.
The drug has several varieties, depending on the scope of use. For a personal subsidiary farm, it is better to purchase the fungicide Maxim Dachnik. Farms buy concentrate in cans.
The popularity of the drug Maxim is explained by its following advantages:
- ease of use;
- the ability to carry out processing at any time before planting crops;
- used in conjunction with other fungicides and insecticides;
- low consumption;
- long period of action;
- safety for soil microorganisms;
- does not accumulate in fruits and tubers, does not affect their presentation and taste;
- versatility: suitable for dressing tubers and seeds of vegetable, grain and flower crops;
- is not phytotoxic if the consumption rate is observed;
- does not cause resistance in microorganisms.
The main disadvantages of the fungicide Maxim:
- the need to comply with the dosage and safety precautions;
- is poisonous to fish and other inhabitants of water bodies;
- planting material after processing is not subject to use for animal feed.
Maxim is available in a ready-to-use form. The suspension contains an adhesive, so the addition of additional components is not required. According to the instructions, the fungicide Maxim can be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4.
The dressing agent Maxim is not used on germinated seeds and tubers, if there are cracks and other signs of damage on them. Before starting work, you need to dry the planting material.
The solution is prepared in glass, plastic or enamel containers. The term of use of the solution is a day after preparation.
Maxim drug protects crops from fungal diseases. Before planting, a solution is prepared with which the seeds are treated before planting.
The disinfectant acts against the following diseases:
- root rot;
- gray rot;
- moldy seeds;
- downy mildew.
If it is required to process rye, wheat, soybeans or peas, according to the instructions for use, the consumption of Maxim fungicide is 10 ml per 5 liters of water. Solution consumption per 1 ton of planting material is 8 liters.
To prepare for planting sugar beets and sunflowers, 50 ml of suspension per 10 liters of water are required. For 1 ton of seeds, prepare up to 10 liters of solution.
Spraying is carried out once just before planting the seeds. Etching is allowed before storing planting material.
To increase the effectiveness of the fungicide Maxim Dachnik potato tubers are cleaned from the ground. The required amount of fungicide is dissolved in water. The resulting solution is sprayed onto the tubers.
Processing allows you to prevent the spread of rot during storage of crops: fusarium, scab, alternaria, black knife. For 1 liter of water add 20 ml of the suspension. Before storage, use 1 liter of solution per 100 kg of potatoes, after which it is necessary to dry the tubers.
Presowing treatment protects potatoes from Rhizoctonia and Fusarium. The solution is prepared according to the instructions for use of the fungicide Maxim: 80 ml is dissolved in 2 liters of water. The resulting solution is sufficient for dressing 200 kg of tubers.
Maxim is used to treat bulbous and tuberous flowers: lilies, begonias, crocuses, tulips, daffodils, gladioli, hyacinths. The concentrate protects asters, irises, dahlias, clematis from the spread of rot and wilting.
According to the instructions, the consumption of the fungicide Maxim is 4 ml per 2 liters of water. The resulting solution is used to treat 2 kg of planting material. The bulbs and tubers are immersed in the solution for 30 minutes, after which they are dried and planted. Processing is also carried out in the fall in order to preserve the planting material until spring.
Maxim's drug is relatively dangerous for humans and animals. If the dosage is observed, the active ingredient is not toxic to plants.
For processing, use a separate container, which in the future is not planned to be used for cooking and eating. When interacting with the concentrate, protective equipment is used: gloves, a dressing gown, glasses, a respirator.
Animals and people are removed from the treatment site without protective equipment. During the period of work, they refuse to smoke, eat and drink. Since the active substance is dangerous for fish, the treatment is not carried out near water bodies.
Important! After etching, remove outer clothing and protective equipment. Hands should be washed with soapy water.
If substance gets into eyes, rinse thoroughly with clean water. When interacting with the skin, wash the place of contact with soap and water.
When the solution enters the body, activated charcoal is taken and the stomach is washed. The main signs of poisoning are nausea, weakness, dizziness. Be sure to seek medical help.
The concentrate is stored in a dark, dry room away from children, animals, and food. The admissible room temperature is from -5 ° С to +35 ° С. The drug is used within 3 years from the date of issue. Empty containers remaining after use are disposed of.
Julia, 42 years old, Kursk
The disinfectant Maxim is a real salvation for my garden. The drug acts against pests and diseases of vegetable crops. I use it to process seed potatoes. I am planting late, at the end of July after harvesting an early harvest. As a result, seedlings receive protection from insects and rot. I also use fungicide to disinfect tomato and eggplant seeds.
Evgeny, 58 years old, Volgograd
Without processing planting material, you can be left without a crop. For potatoes, I consider the drug Maxim Dachnik as one of the best remedies. To obtain a solution, I dilute 150 mg of the suspension in 18 liters of water. This amount is sufficient for 200 kg of potatoes. Sprinkle potatoes on an oilcloth in the far corner of the dacha and spray it with a solution. It is better to wear gloves when handling the preparation. During the season, I have never observed pests or signs of disease on potatoes.
Egor, 34 years old, Ufa
The drug Maxim is a universal remedy that protects my garden from diseases. The fungicide has a long period of action, high efficiency, low toxicity. Maxim is suitable for lawn processing. Bulbous flowers are soaked in solution one day before planting in the garden. A relative disadvantage can be called the high cost of the fungicide, however, crop losses without dressing will lead to more serious damage.
Fungicide Maxim acts against a wide range of fungal diseases. When working with the drug, safety precautions are followed. The product extends the storage period of seeds and tubers. Presowing treatment provides protection against disease.