At the mere mention of strawberries, the unusually pleasant taste of summer and the sweet aroma of berries immediately pop up in my memory. It's a shame that strawberries only bear fruit for a couple of weeks a year, because they are considered one of the most delicious garden berries. Recently, remontant varieties of horticultural crops are becoming more and more popular, capable of producing several harvests per season, but not every owner wants to get involved with this novelty. To prolong the enjoyment of fresh berries, gardeners grow varieties with different ripening periods. One of the latest species is the Borovitskaya strawberry, which ripens only by the end of July. This late-ripening variety has a big plus - the great taste of berries, but it also has its drawbacks.
A detailed description of the Borovitskaya strawberry variety, photos of bushes and berries, as well as reviews of gardeners growing it on their plots, can be easily found in this article. It also provides a quick guide to growing late-ripening garden strawberries and some tips for caring for them.
Characteristics of late strawberries
The Borovitskaya variety was bred in Russia, crossing two famous and beloved species by gardeners: Nadezhda and Redgontlet. The resulting variety with late ripening dates is included in the State Register and is recommended for cultivation in the Volgo-Vyatka and Far Eastern regions.
Attention! Borovitskaya strawberry is one of the latest crops among domestic and foreign varieties. In the Moscow region, this berry ripens only by the end of July, in more southern regions, ripening occurs earlier - from the last days of June.
Full description of the Borovitsky variety:
- medium-sized strawberry bushes, erect, spreading;
- shoots are well leafy, many rosettes are formed on the bushes;
- leaves are large, dark green, wrinkled;
- inflorescences are large, located above the leaves, so that the berries do not fall on the ground;
- Borovitskaya strawberry flowers are bisexual, which means that the variety does not require additional pollinators;
- peduncles on bushes are long and thick, covered with a small downy;
- the variety has good berry set;
- the fruits of Borovitskaya strawberries are large - the average weight of berries is 40 grams;
- the shape of the berries is correct - a blunt cone with a wide base;
- the neck on the fruit is absolutely absent;
- the first large berries may have an irregular shape, they often grow together, voids form inside such strawberries, berries weighing less than 30 grams do not form voids, aligned, beautiful;
- the color of unripe berries is brick red, fully ripe strawberries acquire a cherry red hue;
- the pulp is colored light red, has a dense texture, but contains a lot of juice;
- the taste of Borovitskaya strawberries is very pleasant - sweet with a barely noticeable sourness;
- strong aroma, leaving a fruity sillage;
- tasting score for this variety of strawberries is four points;
- the content of sugars, acids and vitamins is balanced;
- the yield of the Borovitsky variety is high or medium (depending on the care);
- about 0.5 kg of berries are usually removed from one bush;
- the variety is immune to root rot, wilt and medium resistance to gray rot;
- frost resistance of strawberries is very good - bushes covered only with a layer of snow can withstand up to -35 degrees;
- the purpose of the fruit is universal - the Borovitskaya strawberry is considered dessert, therefore it is good fresh, and delicious jam, jams and marmalade are also obtained from the berries.
Important! Unlike most other varieties, it is the second wave of Borovitskaya's strawberry harvest that has a more marketable and attractive appearance. The first harvest gives large, but ugly "accordion" fruits, which often turn out to be empty inside.
Pros and cons of garden strawberries
The Borovitskaya strawberry variety cannot be called commercial or industrial, but it is perfect for private cultivation in small gardens and summer cottages.
This garden strawberry has many benefits such as:
- late ripening, allowing you to extend the "strawberry season" and enjoy the fresh taste of berries in the middle of summer;
- late flowering, not endangered during the return frost period;
- abundant formation of ovaries, amicable ripening of berries;
- resistance to various climatic conditions: drought, high temperature, high humidity;
- good frost resistance;
- decent enough yield;
- pleasant strawberry taste and beautiful appearance of berries (not counting the first harvest);
- immunity to putrefactive and bacterial diseases.
Not all gardeners leave positive reviews about the Borovitskaya strawberry variety, many do not like its disadvantages, including:
- non-industrial yields, due to which Borovitskaya is not grown commercially;
- at the stage of full ripeness, the berries become very soft and juicy, unsuitable for transportation;
- unripe strawberries are too sour, their taste is far from dessert.
Attention! Although the Borovitskaya strawberry variety is capable of bearing fruit in conditions of high humidity, this variety of sweet berries can get sick with gray rot.
It is customary to plant strawberries in the middle lane in spring or autumn. But with such a planting, the first harvest is lost - garden strawberries will begin to bear fruit only in a year. In order for the fruit buds to form as early as possible, it is recommended to plant strawberry seedlings in late summer or early fall.
Important! The most important thing is to choose the right time for planting Borovitskaya strawberries. If the air temperature is too high, bushes will inevitably fall out.
The planting scheme for Borovitskaya is as follows - 25-30 cm between adjacent bushes, about 70-80 cm in the aisles. Experienced gardeners recommend planting in two lines - it's easier to care for strawberries and harvest. If the bushes will hide for the winter (relevant for the North and regions with snowless winters), Borovitskaya strawberries are planted in 3-4 rows in order to subsequently cover the entire site with agrofibre or other material.
For a good start, Borovitskaya needs high-quality feeding, therefore, both humus and a mineral complex should be immediately added to the planting holes, mixing fertilizers with the ground.
Advice! When the soil warms up well (usually this period falls on the end of May), the root zone of Borovitskaya strawberries should be mulched with straw or sawdust.
How to care for strawberries
A photo of ripe berries of the Borovitskaya variety will not leave anyone indifferent: the strawberries are very large, cherry-red, glossy, even. In order for the crop to please with abundance and quality, the gardener will have to work hard - the large-fruited late variety loves good care.
The stages of caring for strawberry beds should be as follows:
- The most important thing is feeding. Like any large berry, Borovitskaya needs careful nutrition. In addition to the initial fertilization at the planting stage, each season the beds are fed at least three times. In early spring, as soon as the snow melts and the earth warms up a little, ammonia fertilizers are applied. It can be a primitive nitroammophoska or a more expensive complex fertilizer - there is no big difference. At the stage of flowering strawberries, foliar feeding is necessary - these are complexes diluted in water with a small part of nitrogen and a good portion of calcium, phosphorus, potassium. During the ovary, foliar spraying of the bushes with the same fertilizers is repeated, focusing on mineral components and reducing the amount of nitrogen. At the end of the season, after the last harvest, a mineral complex is introduced into the soil and humus is scattered around the strawberry bushes. Such a recharge is needed to restore the strength of large-fruited strawberries and stimulate yields next year.
- Borovitsky variety tolerates drought well, but this strawberry also needs water. Strawberry beds should be watered regularly, special attention is paid to the bushes during the flowering period. In order not to provoke infection of strawberries with gray rot, the plants are watered at the root, trying not to wet the leaves and berries.
- Borovitskaya strawberries are resistant to diseases and pests, but it is better to treat them with preventive means. It can be either a special chemical composition or one of the popular methods (wood ash powder, laundry soap solution, etc.).
- Weeds of any kind contribute to the multiplication of infections in the strawberry bushes, so the grass should be removed regularly. The beds themselves are loosened and weeded after each watering. To make life easier for themselves, gardeners can mulch strawberry rows with peat, straw, or sawdust.
- Many gardeners mow strawberry tops before the onset of the winter cold. In the case of Borovitskaya, this is not worth doing - all the forces of the plants will go to restoring the green mass. It is enough to walk along the rows and clear the bushes of dry, diseased leaves, remove debris from them, remove weeds.
- Frost-resistant Borovitskaya strawberries, as a rule, are not covered for the winter. If, nevertheless, it is necessary, it is better to use pine needles or agrofibre - viruses and bacteria do not multiply in these materials. As soon as the snow falls, it must be collected in the strawberry beds, trying to create a shelter with a thickness of about 20 cm.
- It is easy and cheap to propagate the Borovitsky variety - strawberries give a lot of whiskers that root perfectly, creating many outlets.
Advice! If the goal of the gardener is to multiply the variety, you need to remove the peduncles, sacrificing yields for a large number of strong mustaches. In other cases, it is necessary to break off the mustache, because they draw strength from the plant, which affects the number and size of strawberries.
As for me, the mediocre yield declared in the description of the Borovitskaya strawberry variety is greatly exaggerated. This variety of garden strawberries has been growing in our dacha for many years, and all these years Borovitskaya pleases with stable and abundant harvests. A couple of dozen bushes are enough for a small family to enjoy the taste of the last strawberry of the year. The most amazing thing is the unpretentiousness of the variety. Strawberries can grow in any climate and in any soil, the only thing they really need is generous feeding.
The old domestic variety of garden strawberries is not suitable for industrial cultivation, but Borovitskaya strawberries are good in private farms and in dachas near Moscow.
This berry is loved for its excellent taste, excellent frost resistance and unpretentiousness. In order for the harvest to be high and the fruits to be large, it is necessary to generously feed the beds and, at least occasionally, water them.