Self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers for open ground and greenhouses are divided into 3 groups according to ripening periods:
- Early maturing;
For pickling and canning, lumpy, thick-skinned fruits with dense pulp and black conical villi on the skin are suitable.
Early ripening pickling varieties
Cucumber varieties with a growing season up to fruiting of 40–45 days belong to the group of early ripening.
High-yielding variety "Siberian Salt F1"
Sibirskiy Zasol F1, a hybrid cucumber variety that does not require pollination, is suitable for pickling and canning. Cucumbers are planted with seedlings or seeds in a greenhouse and open ground under a film covering when the soil temperature reaches 15 degrees. Planting depth is up to 1.5 cm. Productivity increases on warm beds with light soil. Watering is advisable twice a day in the early morning and evening after the fall of heat.
Active fruiting of "Siberian Salt F1" begins one and a half months after the appearance of the first leaves above the soil surface. Fruit ovaries on the lashes are arranged in a heap. Small lumpy cucumbers do not outgrow. The optimal size of the greenery is 6–8 cm. The taste is without bitterness, the average weight of the fruit is 60g. Productivity up to 10 kg from a lash. The tetrahedral shape of pickled cucumbers is close to cylindrical.
Ripening amicably, up to 3 cucumbers are formed in the ovary. An abundance of fruits is obtained in the beds with regular loosening and feeding. Spraying the leaves with warm, settled water activates the vegetation of cucumbers. They retain a pleasant appearance, fruit density and excellent taste after salting.
Hybrid fruits are not left for seeds.
Early ripe variety "Goosebump F1"
The variety for pickling and canning "Murashka" is an old-timer in the beds, has been known since the 30s of the last century. Due to its popularity, it has undergone more than one selection change.
Zoned for the northern regions of Siberia. Feels great in the greenhouse and open ridges. Planted with seedlings, it pleases the gardener with a harvest in the first half of June.
The flowering type of the hybrid is female, does not require pollination. The flower bosom contains up to 6 cucumber ovaries. The ripening period of zelents is 45 days. The yield reaches 20 kg per square meter. Easily tolerates light shade. Has taken root on balconies and window sills.
Plants are of medium size, emit 4–6 branches, leaves are thickened. Needs to pinch excess shoots. Zelentsy large:
- Average weight - 100 g;
- Average length - 11 cm;
- Diameter - 3.5 cm.
The color of the cucumbers gradually changes from light green at the tip to dark at the stalk. The thorns are dark, prickly. Suitable for any kind of canning. Fruiting until frost. Immune to olive spot, powdery mildew. Undemanding to the type of soil. But for the breathability of the soil, it will thank the harvest. Seed germination rate is 98%.
Cucumber-gherkin "Prestige f1"
Cucumber variety for canning and pickling "Prestige f1" of early ripening is zoned for the West Siberian and Central Black Earth regions.
Bushes are powerful, up to 2 m long, without excess lashes. The flowering type is female. The growing season before harvesting zelents is 42–45 days. The ovaries are formed by a bouquet of up to 4 pieces per knot.
- Fruit size - 8-10 cm;
- Fruit weight - 70–90 g;
- Productivity - 25 kg / sq. m.
Cucumbers "Prestige f1" are recommended for commercial production. Amicable ripening of zelents, long-term abundant fruiting are characteristic of the hybrid. The fruits do not outgrow, they can be stored for a long time after harvesting before conservation. They do not suffer from shading and temperature fluctuations. After salting, no voids appear in the fruit pulp. Cucumber variety "Prestige f1" is immune to diseases.
Mid-season pickling varieties
The growing season for self-pollinated varieties for pickling and canning is 45-50 days. The quality of the final product differs for the better in comparison with the early ripening ones.
Yielding variety "Ginga F1"
Ginga F1 is adapted to the climate of the Central Black Earth Region. The German variety of medium ripening has acclimatized and has become popular. This variety of canned cucumbers is recommended not only for home cultivation, but also for commercial production by large agricultural producers. The first greens ripen in 46-50 days after germination.
Productivity ranges from 24-52 kg per square meter. Scourges up to 2 m long, pinching is not required.
Cucumbers of the "Ginga F1" variety are cylindrical, slightly ribbed, dark green, lumpy with white thorns. They are often located on the lash. The length is three times the diameter. There are no voids in the seed chamber of the fruit.
- Fruit weight is average - 85 g;
- The length of the fruit is average - 10.5 cm;
- Diameter - 3 cm.
The variety is resistant to damage by brown spot, powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic. Drip irrigation doubles the yield. The main purpose of the variety is salting and canning.
Self-pollinated cucumbers "White sugar F1"
A new hybrid variety of mid-ripening cucumbers of the Ural breeders. Fruits on the plantation stand out with an unusual creamy white color against a green background. Harvesting begins at 46-50 days. Rarely tuberous greens are distinguished by a mild taste. The use of cucumbers is not limited to pickling and canning. They will decorate the salad not only with a rare color, but also with a delicious taste.
The lashes are not spreading, pinching and pinching are not required. The planting scheme is used compacted 60x15 cm. In open ground, seedlings are planted no earlier than mid-May.
The variety is characterized by high responsiveness to feeding and loosening. Collecting fruits is desirable daily: overgrowing greens inhibit the growth of ripening cucumbers. Marketable fruit size 8–12 cm. Late-ripening self-pollinated pickling varieties
Late varieties of cucumbers are better suited for pickling and canning. The commercial and taste qualities of the fruits are preserved even in the second year of storage.
The cultivation of a large-fruited variety for salting is also successfully carried out in the autumn-winter period with artificial lighting and soil heating. Bouquet ovaries of 4–8 flowers allow a massive increase in cucumbers. In combination with simple agricultural technology, this variety is a godsend for the farmer and gardener.
The central stem is not limited in growth, reaching 3.5 m in length. The flowering type is female, does not require pollination. Lateral shoots produce 20% more fruit.
- Fruit weight is average - 130 g;
- Average length - 15 cm;
- Fruit shape - faceted cylinder;
- Diameter - 4 cm;
- Productivity - 20 kg / sq. m.
The surface of the thin-skinned dark green fruit is lumpy, with light thorns. Juicy light green pulp of the greenery is sweetish in taste, juicy, fleshy. The early maturity is unusual: the first picking of cucumbers is carried out 25-30 days after planting the seedlings. Excellent transportability and keeping quality of fruits are additional advantages. After salting, the greens do not lose color.
The plant is demanding on the quality of lighting - in shading, the growth of greens decreases. Untimely or insufficient watering affects the taste of the fruit - bitterness appears. It grows poorly on acidic soils, liming is required at least 1 time in 3 years. The length of the main stem requires the installation of additional trellises.
Planting density is 2-3 plants per square meter.
Review of the gardener about cucumbers of the "Courage F1" variety
Gulnara Sekerbaeva, Novosibirsk
I grew only ground cucumbers. We set up a greenhouse, sowed seedlings of 3 varieties. "Courage" gave 100% germination on the third day. Two weeks later, this seedling overtook its neighbors. On the 60th day, the first fruits were removed. Mass fruiting began a week later. In salting, marinades, the taste is excellent.
Review of the gardener about the variety "Ginga F1"
Sergey Pryakhin, Samara
On manure ridges without a film cover, the seedlings survived the night cooling up to +4 degrees without loss. The harvest is incredible. Good for pickling in tubs. For canning in jars - troublesome, the harvest is very large. We do not have time to sell our surplus on the market.