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Amanita muscaria bright yellow - a poisonous specimen from the Amanitov family, but in some countries it is eaten. It has a hallucinogenic effect, so it is better to refuse to collect bright yellow fly agaric.
Description of bright yellow fly agaric
The yellow fly agaric (pictured) is characterized by inconsistent color. Its cap can be pale straw, bright yellow, or even orange. Therefore, the identification of the fruiting body is difficult.
Description of the hat
The surface is smooth and dry. The diameter of the cap can be from 4 to 10 cm. Young specimens have a convex cap, which straightens with age. The edges of the cap are grooved.
The plates under the cap are soft, often arranged. In young specimens, they are white, with age they can turn yellow, acquiring a light ocher tint.
The flesh of the mushroom is white, but sometimes slightly yellow. The smell vaguely resembles that of a radish.
Spores are broadly ellipsoidal, white powder.
The remains of the bedspreads on the cap are presented in the form of white flaky plates.
The leg of the bright yellow fly agaric is fragile, slightly elongated - 6-10 cm, white or slightly yellowish. The diameter of the leg is 0.5-1.5 cm; young specimens have a ring, which disappears with age, leaving a barely distinguishable mark. The surface is smooth; in some specimens, slight pubescence is observed.
The Volvo is hardly distinguishable, it is presented in the form of narrow rings on the swelling of the leg.
Where and how does the yellow fly agaric grow
The bright yellow fly agaric forms mycorrhiza with conifers, but is found in mixed and deciduous forests with lindens, beeches, oaks, hazel, and hornbeams. Prefers sandy soils. The main habitat is the temperate zone of the European part and Eastern Siberia, but the fungus is rarely found.
The main fruiting period is in the warm season: from June to October.
Edible bright yellow fly agaric or poisonous
Eating this type of mushroom can lead to poisoning.
Attention! The degree of toxicity depends on the place of growth of the bright yellow representatives of the fungal kingdom.
The effects of hallucinogens on the body
Amanita pulp contains toxic substances that have a toxic effect on the human body:
- ibotenic acid acts on glutamine-sensitive receptors in the brain, enhancing motor activity, an overdose is fraught with a convulsive state;
- muscimol leads to blocking of brain receptors, which causes depression of emotional activity.
The composition also includes other toxins (tryptophan, muscaridin, muscarine, hydrocarboline carboxylic acid), which have a slight effect on humans and cause a hallucinogenic effect.
Poisoning symptoms, first aid
Symptoms are similar to signs of poisoning that occurs after eating panther amanita:
- severe dehydration;
- cramping pain in the stomach;
- increased lacrimation, salivation, sweating;
- dilation or constriction of the pupils, lack of response to light;
- fast or slow heartbeat;
- attacks of fear;
- violation of consciousness, delusional state;
If the intoxication is insignificant, improvement is observed after a few hours. A severe form of poisoning is manifested by convulsions, coma and death. Death can occur in 6-48 hours.
- Call a medical team.
- Before their arrival, do a gastric lavage. Give the victim to drink 5-6 glasses of warm water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate, after which a gag reflex occurs. Repeat the procedure several times. Collect the remains of the mushrooms for laboratory research.
- If there is no diarrhea in the first hours after taking the mushrooms, you can use a laxative.
- If possible, do a cleansing enema.
- With chills, a person is covered, warm heating pads are applied to the limbs.
- If the victim is vomiting, they give him a weak solution of salt to drink in small sips. A glass of water will take 1 tsp. salt.
- If the victim complains of severe weakness, strong tea with sugar or honey can be given. It is allowed to drink milk or kefir.
Important! In case of poisoning with bright yellow fly agarics, alcohol cannot be taken orally.
Doubles and their differences
Amanita muscaria can be confused with the following mushrooms:
Amanita muscaria bright yellow is a hallucinogenic mushroom from the Amanitov family. When ingested in small quantities, it causes hallucinations and disturbances of consciousness, the use of large doses leads to cardiac arrest and death.