Bird cherry is a tree (sometimes a shrub) that grows everywhere in garden plots, in squares, parks and even forests of our country. It has slightly astringent fruits, and its flowers have a pleasant aroma and are magnificent honey plants.
Description and area of bird cherry
Bird cherry is a perennial plant from the Rosaceae family, whose trunk and shoots are covered with a dark-colored mottled bark. The foliage is located on the shoots in turn, its shape is oval, it is attached to the branches with thin stalks. In the last decade of May - the first decade of June, bird cherry begins to bloom, flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences of size 10 - 15 cm. White flowers smell good the flowering time of the plant usually coincides with the period of the last spring cooling. From mid-August to mid-September, brown-black fruits ripen, they are sweet and slightly astringent in taste.
The tree looks very decorative both during flowering and fruiting, which is why it serves as an ornament to park areas and garden plots.
Under natural conditions, the habitat of this perennial medicinal tree is Ukraine, the countries of the Order, Morocco and the states of Central Asia, western Siberia and the European regions of our country.
Collection and harvesting of a medicinal plant
Collect various aerial parts of bird cherry trees begin in early springas soon as the buds begin to swell on the branches - this signals the beginning of the movement of juice on the shoots. During this period, young shoots and bird cherry bark are harvested. The collected medicinal parts of the plant should be cut into small pieces and sent for drying in a special drying cabinet. If there is no such device in the house, then you can dry the bark and branches in the shade on the open veranda (the layer of raw materials laid out on the canvas litter should be thin). Raw materials during drying should be protected from moisture (during rains). Dried branches and bark should be stored in a dry, dry place in glass jars or cotton bags. Dried raw materials retain medicinal qualities for 5 seasons.
Features of the use of bird cherry
The collection of flowers and foliage of bird cherry is carried out in May-June during the period of active flowering of the tree. Dry these parts of the plant under a canopy, in the attic (if it is well ventilated), outdoors - but not in direct sunlight, or in an oven. Dried flowers and foliage can only be stored for a year, before the collection of new raw materials begins. But the berries should be picked in the early morning or late evening.
The berries should be fully ripened, the branches are cut with secateurs (or a garden knife). It is advisable to lay out the fruits to dry immediately after harvesting - after a couple - three hours, the collected berries may begin to deteriorate. The collected fruits are laid out in a thin layer on baking sheets and put in a sunny place to dry. During drying, the fruit should not be exposed to rain. If cherry berries are put for drying in drying ovens, then the temperature in them should be 45 - 60 ° C. In Russia, berries were usually planted in the Russian oven for drying.
Dried berries are separated from the stalks and poured into glass dishes or cotton bags. If the dried berry is stored correctly, then the fruits retain their medicinal properties for 4-5 seasons.
The composition of the bark, branches, leaves and fruits of bird cherry
The following substances were found in the bark and leaves:
- hydrocyanic acid;
- benzoic aldehyde.
And in berries there are the following active substances and vitamins:
- citric, malic, ascorbic acids;
- essential oils;
Therapeutic and beneficial properties of bird cherry
Ripe bird cherry fruits are used as:
- anti-inflammatory drugs.
Juice from the fruits of the plant can be used as a diaphoretic, diuretic or anti-tuberculosis drug.
Foliage and flowers help with vitamin deficiencies, colds, to relieve cough.
The use of bird cherry in folk medicine
Bird cherry has been used since ancient times to treat many diseases in traditional medicine. Berries of bird cherry were actively used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, to normalize the gastrointestinal tract. The bark, twigs, flowers and foliage of the plant are also actively used.
Preparation and purpose of a decoction of bird cherry
A properly prepared broth from dried raw cherry helps in many diseases.
- Dried Berry Broth: Pour 30 g of berries with 200 g of boiling water and cook for 1/3 hour, then strain and cool.
- Decoction of foliage: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of foliage is poured with a glass of boiling water, simmer for no more than 5 minutes. The cooled and filtered broth can be drunk several times a day for 50 g.
- Decoction of bird cherry bark: 1 teaspoon of bark is poured with a glass of boiling water and boiled for 1/6 hour. Then it is necessary to insist for 120 minutes, the resulting broth is filtered and taken several times a day for a teaspoon.
A decoction of berries is used for various diseases of VT, with scurvy, as a diaphoretic in acute respiratory viral infections, as a diuretic. Infusions of fruits are used as an external remedy as lotions, helps in the treatment of conjunctivitis. You can rinse your mouth with inflammatory processes on the gums, with tonsillitis - to gargle. Outwardly, as a lotion, decoctions of bird cherry are used as a wound healing agent in the treatment of skin diseases.
How to store cherry berries
The healing properties of the bark of bird cherry branches
Due to the fact that the composition of the bark and branches includes many active substances and a number of natural acids, this Raw materials have the following properties:
- diaphoretic and diuretic effect;
- can reduce the temperature in colds;
- effective in the treatment of rheumatism;
- used in the fight against lice.
Alcohol tincture can be prepared both from berries and from cherry flowers. Such a tincture can be made at home, and the taste of the resulting alcoholic beverage will be no worse than that purchased in the store.
It is better to use red bird cherry for the preparation of alcohol tinctures - this selection variety differs from ordinary bird cherry in that there is practically no hydrocyanic acid in its berries. Because of this, a drink from such berries can be infused for longer than on black bird cherry.
800 g of red bird cherry need to be sorted out, washed in running water, dried. Then the berries and 0.2 kg of sugar are placed in a glass jar, which is closed with a lid and shaken vigorously. So they shake the jar until the bird cherry gives juice. In the resulting mass, pour 1 liter of vodka and put in a dark place for 20 days, so that the drink is infused. The finished alcohol tincture must be filtered, bottled in dark glass and put in the refrigerator.
Bird cherry in veterinary medicine
In veterinary medicine, decoctions of bird cherry bark are used to treat gastric and intestinal diseases in animals. Also, cattle can be given infusions of foliage and flowers for colds.
Contraindications and possible harm to bird cherry
Any means based on bird cherry, in addition to benefit, can cause harm. Therefore, it is necessary to know some nuances - when and who should not eat fruit or use decoctions or infusions from its raw materials for treatment.
Since the seeds of berries contain a large amount of hydrocyanic acid, it is better not to swallow berries together with seeds - you can get poisoned. Also, do not put a branch of blooming bird cherry in the bedroom or in the room where you are for a long time - the aroma from the flowers of the plant can cause severe headaches. Especially one should not inhale the fragrance of flowering bird cherry for a long time for pregnant women and young children.
Berries of bird cherry have a contraceptive property, therefore, those women who plan to conceive a child, it is better to refuse not only the fruits, but also from taking any drugs based on the raw materials of the plant. And it should be remembered that for a long time it is not recommended to store berries and infusions from the plant, since hydrocyanic acid can accumulate in quantities in quantities that are harmful to human health.
How to make cherry cherry liquor
Bird cherry - a tree known since childhood. And the medicinal properties of the aerial parts of the plant help in the fight against many diseases. It is only necessary to remember that any medicinal plants should be taken after consultation with your doctor. And not a single medicinal plant is a substitute for drug treatment, but it effectively complements it.