In late spring and early summer, many gorgeous plants bloom in private gardens in central Russia. The chubushnik of Gornostaeva mantle deserves special attention, exuding a fragrant, very pleasant aroma and striking with a double mantle of snow-white flowers abundantly located on ampel branches. For its delicate, sweet aroma and external resemblance to a jasmine bush, the mock-orange is popularly called garden jasmine.
Description of jasmine Gornostaeva mantle
Chubushnik variety Gornostaeva mantle is a garden, deciduous plant that belongs to the Hortensiev family. It is a shrub up to 1 - 1.5 m high, which can grow up to 3 m without pruning, with drooping shoots inclined downwards, compact and very decorative during flowering. Its leaves are narrowed towards their upper part, oval in shape with pronounced veins.
How the chubushnik blooms Gornostaeva's mantle
The branches of the Manteau d'Hermine chubushniki sloping downward during flowering are completely covered with large, white flowers, fragrant with a fragrant, strawberry aroma. The shrub is completely covered with a snow-white scattering of flowers, resembling a mantle of delicate, light fur. Semi-double flowers with narrow petals reach 4 cm in diameter. Thin, ampelous branches with numerous jasmine flowers The Gornostaeva mantle amaze with its striking beauty for a long time - up to 2 months, which is clearly shown in the photo. The culture blooms in late May and blooms until early July.
Important! The shrub was named chubushnik because of the possibility of using branches to make smoking pipes.
Chubushnik Gornostaeva mantle is a culture that is unpretentious to growing conditions. He prefers sunny, sheltered from cold winds, but can tolerate light midday shade. In the shade, the ampelous branches stretch out, become thin and weak, and their flowering is short and rare. Garden jasmine grows well and blooms profusely on moist, fertile, but not waterlogged soils. Needs periodic feeding and pruning. Does not tolerate the Manteau d'Hermine mock-orange of swampy, damp soils.
You can propagate garden jasmine Gornostaeva mantle in several ways:
- layering or cuttings;
- dividing the bush;
Manteau d'Hermine seeds are planted in prepared soil in late autumn, before the onset of severe frosts, and covered with spruce branches. They are saturated with moisture during the melting of the snow, which subsequently ensures the active growth of young shoots. The main advantage of the seed propagation method is the resistance of seedlings to pests, diseases, and their good immunity. But they bloom only in the 8th year after germination.
Cuttings for seedlings are cut in the fall after the flowering of the chubushnik Gornostaeva mantle and stored in wet sand at a temperature of 0 degrees. In the spring they are planted in greenhouses, and the young sprouts that have appeared are cut to the soil level. Only next spring can the seedlings be planted in a permanent place. For layering, healthy, strong shoots are cut by 5 cm. After the appearance of new shoots, the cut site is fastened with wire. Over time, the sprout will develop into a root system for a new seedling.
When transplanting Manteau d'Hermine jasmine to a new location, you can propagate it by dividing the bush. The day before the procedure, the plant is watered abundantly, then dug up and divided with a sharp knife into separate rhizomes. Planting of rhizomes is carried out in a similar way to the main planting of jasmine seedlings.
Planting and leaving
It is better to plant the Gornostaeva mantle jasmine in sunny places with fertile, loose soils, without a close occurrence of groundwater. It is indispensable for organizing hedges, borders and for decorating various compositions from perennials. On a personal plot, it will look spectacular along the garden paths. The chubushnik of the Gornostaeva mantle, as seen in the photo, is combined with other flowering and ornamental plants.
In order for the chubushnik of the Gornostaeva mantle variety to take root well, grow stronger and bloom, as in the photo, planting is carried out in early spring or early summer. In regions with slightly cold winters, the shrub can be planted in the fall - late September-early October, so that the plant has time to gain strength and successfully overwinter. However, planting in spring is more expedient and gives more chances for growing a strong, flowering shrub.
Site selection and soil preparation
Chubushnik will feel great on wet, loamy soils. A fertile soil mixture of sand, humus and earth from rotted leaves must be added to the planting hole. Jasmine Manteau d'Hermine does not tolerate stagnant moisture, therefore, when planting, it needs to provide good drainage up to 20 cm from broken brick, sand or pebbles.
The Manteau d'Hermine planting pit must be at least 60 cm deep. For group plantings, for example, for a hedge, the distance between the pits should be 0.5 m.It is necessary to prepare the planting sites in advance, since it is carried out in several stages:
- drainage is poured into the prepared planting pits;
- a fertile mixture is laid on 20 - 25 cm;
- the land should settle and settle within 7 to 9 days;
- the planting of garden jasmine is carried out so that the root collar remains at ground level;
- the seedling is covered with the remaining fertile mixture;
- the soil is slightly compacted and abundant watering is carried out - on average, about 30 liters of water per one bush of the chubushnik Gornostaeva mantle;
- the root circle is mulched with peat, sawdust, foliage or humus.
The decorative mock-orange Manteau d'Hermine will delight you with stunning beauty and fragrance, if you adhere to the following agrotechnical techniques when growing:
- spring planting of chubushnik seedlings should be carried out in the early periods, that is, before bud break;
- autumn planting should not be delayed; garden jasmine should be planted in a permanent place until mid-October;
- in the absence of a sunny place, the chubushnik can be planted in the shade, but in this case, careful, enhanced care is required for it;
- wood ash added to the soil before planting will be of great benefit to jasmine, providing the root system with essential trace elements.
It is not difficult to take care of the Philadelphus mock-mushroom of the Gornostaeva mantle variety. The features of agrotechnical measures will be discussed below.
Chubushnik variety Manteau d'Hermine is quite picky about soil moisture, however, when watering, the main thing is to prevent moisture stagnation, which will cause root rot. With a lack of moisture, the buds will wither and the plant will shed flowers early. The optimal watering schedule in the spring-summer period is once a week, when the top layer of the earth dries up. The amount of water for a single irrigation should be 20 - 30 liters, depending on the age of the chubushnik. In case of drought, the frequency of watering is increased to 2 - 3 times a week. The shrub especially needs a sufficient amount of moisture during abundant flowering. The water should be warm, settled. To maintain moisture, it is recommended to periodically spray the Gornostaeva mantle with jasmine.
Weeding, loosening, mulching
Weeding from weeds is performed if necessary, loosening - periodically, a few hours after abundant watering of jasmine. Such a technique as mulching allows you to maintain soil moisture and provides additional plant nutrition. Mulching is carried out with sawdust, peat, compost or fallen leaves. Be sure to mulch the soil after the last, autumn pruning of the Manteau d'Hermine mock-orange, thereby preparing it for winter.
The full development of jasmine Gornostaeva mantle is impossible without top dressing, which can be performed from 2 years of age. The fertilization schedule is as follows:
- the first feeding is performed in the spring before bud break with mineral fertilizers (potassium sulfide, urea - 15 g each, superphosphate - 30 g per 10 l of water);
- the same top dressing is done before flowering;
- at the beginning of autumn, the mock-orange will like organic feeding from compost, rotted manure with the addition of wood ash. Fertilizers are applied when digging a trunk circle.
10 liters of diluted mineral fertilizers are enough to feed 2 chubushnik bushes Gornostaeva mantle. The described organic feeding can be replaced with slurry, which is taken in a ratio of 1/10 to water. Do organic feeding once a year.
In the spring, mandatory sanitary pruning of the Manteau d'Hermine chubushnik is carried out with the removal of frozen, damaged, dry branches. In addition, weak and too long shoots are cut to half their length. In the fall, you need to remove old branches and wilted flowers, giving the plant a neat shape. Rejuvenating and formative pruning of garden jasmine with the removal of bare branches and wilted flowers is performed after flowering, if necessary. All cut sites are treated with a disinfectant.
Preparing for winter
Jasmine Gornostaeva mantle is a fairly frost-resistant plant, it can withstand a drop in air temperature to 18 - 20 degrees below zero. But young plants and new shoots that have appeared by autumn can freeze in a harsh winter and at higher temperatures. Therefore, covering it with agrotechnical fiber or several layers of burlap is a must in order for the frock to overwinter safely.
Pests and diseases
The Manteau d'Hermine variety is most often affected by pests and diseases:
- spider mite;
- fungal spot;
- aphids and butterfly caterpillars.
Spraying with fungicides will help to cope with diseases. Such drugs as Intavir, Iskra, Aktelik are effective against pests.
Important! As a prophylaxis against fungal diseases of the chubushnik variety Gornostaeva mantle, the near-trunk circle should be regularly cleaned from fallen leaves. Preventing the development of diseases will also allow prophylactic spraying with fungicides at the beginning of the growing season.
Chubushnik Gornostaeva's mantle looks great as a tapeworm on lawn areas, near gazebos, benches, ponds. It can serve as a spectacular backdrop for low green plants. Jasmine is also widely used in group plantings to create decorative hedges. Prolonged flowering will allow you to enjoy the stunning beauty of the suburban flora.
Reviews of the chubushnik Gornostaeva mantle
Inna Orlova, 38 years old, Perm
I love chubushnik - lush, very beautiful, and the smell from flowering - incredibly fragrant, fragrant! One bush of the Ermine mantle has been growing for me for many years, every year I cut it off after flowering, and next year it pleases with its neat shape. When planting, I made good drainage, and in a rainy summer I reduce watering, because I know that the roots can rot. I often loosen and mulch my favorite chubushnik Gornostaeva mantle, and in spring and summer I enjoy luxurious flowering and aroma.
Oleg Petrov, 60 years old, Novosibirsk
I am engaged in the cultivation of ornamental plants. On my site there are several varieties of chubushnik, but most of all I like the Gornostaeva Mantia variety. It blooms profusely and gorgeous - longer and more beautiful than all other varieties. Looks very impressive near a newly built gazebo along with hydrangea and spirea. Caring for him is usual - watering, weeding, feeding and pruning in the spring and, if necessary, in the fall.