Hot or bitter peppers are widely used in cooking and add a spicy taste to homemade preparations. Unlike bell peppers, this plant is not so capricious and can produce crops in a greenhouse, vegetable garden or home windowsill. It is not necessary to allocate a whole garden for this culture, since only a few bushes can provide a supply of pepper for a year in advance. In its raw form, it is hardly edible, and a small amount of hot pepper is enough for seasoning.
Before proceeding with the selection of seeds, you need to decide on the purpose of the fruits of a particular variety. Some of them are good for cooking and are suitable for fresh consumption, as they have a mild pungent aftertaste. Pungent varieties are best dried and grinded so that they can be added to food later in small quantities. Peppers that are moderately spicy are good for canning whole or adding to homemade preparations.
Also, varieties differ in shape, color and ripening times. Early maturing varieties are preferred for the Moscow region. But with indoor or greenhouse cultivation, you can choose varieties with late ripening periods - in such conditions they will have time to give a crop.
The most popular varieties of hot peppers for the Moscow region
There are many varieties of hot peppers adapted for cultivation in the Moscow region. They differ in the shape, size and color of the fruit. Some of them are generally unsuitable for food and serve only a decorative function. Indeed, a small plant covered with small multi-colored fruits looks very picturesque.
An early ripe hybrid with a high yield. It begins to bear fruit on the 70th day after planting the seedlings.
The fruits are suitable for canning, drying and seasoning. It is almost impossible to eat such a pepper raw - this variety is famous for its pungency.
The height of the bush is small - only 40-50 cm. Thanks to this size, it can be planted in a greenhouse and on a windowsill. The hybrid is resistant to drought and viral diseases. Fruits in the process of ripening change color several times. At the beginning of tying, they are green, then turn yellow. Then they turn bright orange, and by the time they fully ripen, they turn red. Pepper has an elongated shape, and the same size (6-7 cm) on one bush.
One of the most popular hot peppers is famous for its sweetish flavor.
The fruits are fleshy, so they are not suitable for drying. But they are good canned. Both green and red peppers are suitable for food.
The Jalapeno variety begins to bear fruit 80-85 days after the seedlings are planted. Pepper grows well in a greenhouse, and is also suitable for growing in a vegetable garden. The bush reaches 1 m in height and grows very quickly in width. From 3 bushes, you can collect 6-8 kg of fruit per season. It blooms profusely, but not all flowers set fruits - the plant sheds most of them.
Miracle of the Moscow region
An early ripe variety intended for cultivation in greenhouses near Moscow. It can also give a good harvest outdoors. The vegetative period from sowing seeds to the appearance of fruits lasts 120-130 days. Fruits are elongated, smooth. In length, such peppers can reach 20 cm. Suitable for making seasonings for homemade preparations; when dried, they do not lose their spicy taste.
An early ripening variety that bears fruit abundantly under all growing conditions. In the process of ripening, the fruits change color several times. On one bush, you can see yellow, orange, red and purple fruits. Such a "tree" will look good on the windowsill. Adji pepper belongs to the Peruvian varieties and has a characteristic citrus aroma.
The variety is mid-season, grows well and bears fruit outdoors. Sowing for seedlings is carried out at the end of February. Seedlings are planted on the garden bed at the age of 70-80 days. Pepper is resistant to low temperatures and undemanding to care for. The plant is tall, sprawling and needs shaping and tying. The fruits are dark red, large (up to 100 g) and dense. The pungent taste is preserved when drying, salting and pickling.
The strong-burning, early-ripening variety of hot pepper is easily recognizable by its unusual shape of the fruit.
In Jamaican red, they resemble a bell - 4-sided, rounded at the base and narrowed downward. Fruits are medium-sized, but with very thick and dense pulp. Suitable for canning and adding to dishes. The period from sowing seeds to fruiting is 92-98 days. Grown in the open field or in a film greenhouse through seedlings. Fruiting is abundant - 3-4 kg of fruits can be harvested from one bush up to 80 cm high.
This variety is considered the most pungent. Fruits weighing 12-17 g are shaped like a heart. Among the Habanero variety, there are several varieties that differ in the color of the fruit. Peppers can be orange, red, burgundy and brown. The red-fruited plant forms the tallest bush, and in the orange species, the fruits are larger. Suitable for growing in a greenhouse, on a windowsill and outdoors. Ripens in 92-110 days after transplanting seedlings. Unlike other varieties, Habanero "loves" water, so watering should be regular.
The Queen of Spades
Interesting variety, suitable for year-round cultivation. The bush is small - only 30 cm. The cone-shaped fruits are painted in different colors - from pale yellow to purple. They grow upward, in appearance they resemble miniature candles. The variety is considered decorative, but it is also widespread in cooking. Peppers can be consumed fresh, canned, dried and ground.
Red fat man
Popular in home cooking due to its large and thick-walled fruits. Their length is from 16 to 18 cm, diameter is 3-4 cm. The mid-season variety bears fruit well in the open field and in film greenhouses. The plant is short and compact. Fruiting is amicable and abundant.
It is mainly cultivated in closed greenhouses. In unprotected soil conditions, it can give a good harvest, but the fruits will be slightly different in appearance. The period from germination to fruit ripening is 105-115 days. The peppers are bright red, elongated and slightly wrinkled. Suitable for canning and drying. Fresh can be stored for up to a month.
A mid-season high-yielding variety, suitable for cultivation in open ground and in film tunnels. In a greenhouse, it can bring up to 4 kg of fruit, and in a garden under good weather conditions - up to 3.5 kg per 1 sq. m. Bright red pepper pods are elongated, large, the tip is slightly curved. By the time of ripening, they reach a mass of 30-40 g. The plant is not tall (35-40 cm).
A mild cultivar grown in greenhouses. Ripens late - after seed germination, the first fruits appear on day 120-125. Vizier pepper pods are interesting, turban-shaped. When set, the fruits are colored green, then change color to bright red. The plant looks like a small tree with a rounded crown.
Hot pepper is a thermophilic plant. For good growth, he needs warmth, moisture and light. It is not recommended to plant hot peppers in a greenhouse, together with Bulgarian ones - when pollinated, the fruits of sweet peppers will become spicy. The distance between the beds of these crops should be at least 5 m. Low-growing varieties are best planted in pots on the windowsill - so nothing will interfere with the plant, and window light is enough for it.