Advice

Plum Hungarian


Plum Vengerka is one of the most demanded and widespread varieties due to its excellent taste. Experienced gardeners choose this particular variety because they consider it unpretentious and fruitful.

Breeding history of the variety

Plum was created in the XX century by Hungarian gardeners and at first it was cultivated exclusively in Hungary. This fact explains the origin of the name of the plum. In Russia, the Vengerka variety has been growing recently, but has already managed to achieve popularity among many experienced gardeners and amateurs.

Description of varieties of plum Vengerka

Most Wengers are self-fertile and do not need additional pollinators. The height of the tree is about 5–6 m. The crone is characterized by the shape of an oval or an elongated pyramid. Reddish shoots are characterized by firmness and rapid growth. The Hungarian plum tolerates drought and frost well, and also does not undergo dangerous diseases inherent in the culture.

The main feature of plums is their high sugar content, density and a minimum amount of dry matter. The small fruit has a lilac or violet hue and the characteristic shape of an ellipse pointed at the edges. Juicy and sweet flesh has a yellowish tint. The variety is suitable for cultivation in regions with moderate climatic conditions.

Korneevskaya

The result of the selection of the Volgograd and Bogatyrskaya plums. It got its name in honor of R.V. Korneev, who made a huge contribution to the creation of a hybrid. The pollinators of the plum Hungarian Korneevskaya are Skorospelka and Winter Red, but their presence is not necessary due to the possibility of self-pollination.

Description of the plum variety Vengerka Korneevskaya: large juicy fruits 35 g each, dark brown skin color, tasty amber pulp, short fruiting period and high yield. The winter hardiness of the Vengerka Korneevskaya plum is high, but proper care is required due to its poor resistance to certain diseases. The height of the plum tree Hungarian Korneevskaya is average, the crown is branchy, elongated.

Moscow

Plum Vengerka Moskovskaya (Tsaritsynskaya) is one of the first varieties. It was created in 1947 by European breeders and is intended for areas with moderate climatic conditions. Tasting score of Moscow Vengerka plum: 4.3.

The main feature is increased resistance to frost and disease. The tree is able to withstand temperatures down to -30 degrees. The variety gives rich yields with pleasant taste. Perfect for making preserves for the winter, as well as for long-term transportation. The pollinators of the Hungarian Moscow plum are Skorospelka Krasnaya, Michurinskaya and Peaches. They will significantly increase yields and fruiting.

Belarusian

Plum Hungarianka Belorusskaya is the result of the work of Belarusian breeders who pollinated the seedlings of Delicate plum and Stanley in 2009. It has a moderate height, a wide crown, and the fruits are large in size and have a sweet and sour taste. The variety is resistant to various diseases and is able to quickly recover from frost.

Donetsk

Plum Vengerka Donetskaya was bred by the branch of the Donetsk Institute of Horticulture. Its main characteristics are stature, spreading crown and average life expectancy. The fruit has a dense dark skin and juicy amber flesh.

Of all the varieties of this group, Donetskaya plum early ripens earlier than other varieties due to its good resistance to frost. It is important to know that dry sandy soil is categorically unsuitable for the growth of crops, and the groundwater level when planting the Vengerka Donetskaya plum should have a maximum indicator. As a pollinator, you can use Italian and Analta.

Pulkovskaya

It is found on the territory of the Leningrad Region and is the result of folk selection, and the description of the Vengerka Pulkovskaya plum is slightly different from the Moscow one. Tall tree with a spreading crown in the shape of a cylinder. Fruits are small, purple in color with small red spots. The pale yellow pulp has a peculiar taste. A great option for homemade preparations for the winter.

It tolerates a frosty and dry climate, and is also rarely exposed to diseases inherent in the culture. To increase yields by 5 times, you can use pollinators: Moskovskaya, Skorospelka and Winter.

Voronezh

Plum Hungarian Voronezh is widespread in the south of Russia due to the most suitable climatic conditions. A compact tree with large purple fruits. Due to its sour taste and good pulp density, it is often used to prepare blanks for the winter. Plum needs pollinators, which are suitable varieties Renklod and Michurinskaya.

Michurinskaya

The Vengerka Michurinskaya variety is distinguished by its fast ripening and a good yield indicator. Its demand is due to its good resistance to frost. Fruits are small in size, with a sucrose, juicy green pulp and a small stone. The variety is self-fertile.

Yellow

The variety Hungarian Zheltaya is widespread throughout Russia and is named due to the presence of a juicy yellowish pulp. The tree is resistant to frosty and dry climates. Does not require additional pollinators to improve the quality of the crop.

Italian

The most famous Hungarian variety. It differs in the dimensions of the tree and large fruits, which perfectly tolerate long-term storage and transportation. It is cultivated in the southern regions of Russia. It is not resistant to diseases and droughts, therefore it needs timely watering. Plum Hungarian Italiana belongs to self-fertile varieties. But to improve yields, you can plant other varieties of Vengerka nearby.

Early

It grows in warm regions of Russia. Differs in increased productivity and excellent taste properties of plums. The plant is very sensitive to strong weather changes and requires preventive work against pests. It does not need pollinators, but if you wish, you can plant Anna Shpet or Altana.

Monastic

The variety Vengerka Monastyrskaya is widespread in all regions due to its unpretentiousness to the growing environment. Differs in increased frost resistance. The tree is spreading, tall, and the fruit is large and juicy. This variety of Vengerka is self-fertile and long-lived.

Bogatyrskaya

In one of the Lower Volga institutes, crossing the Giant and Domashnaya plums, they obtained a unique variety, which, due to the large number of large fruits, was named Hungarian Bogatyrskaya, although the tree itself is not tall. It is resistant to weather changes and diseases. For fruiting, it does not need planting pollinator varieties.

Ural

This plum Vengerka was bred in the Urals, at the Sverdlovsk horticultural selection station. The tree is low, thin, and the oval juicy fruits are large in size. The yield is high, and the fruiting is regular. Variety Vengerka Uralskaya is frost-resistant and self-fertile.

Azhanskaya

The homeland of the early plum Hungarian Azhanskaya is France. The height of the tree is 4.5–5 m. The fruits are large, with thick skin and juicy greenish pulp. The Vengerka variety is not resistant to sudden changes in the weather and is often subject to diseases. For yields, it is worth planting the Renclode variety next to it.

Dubovskaya

The Vengerka Dubovskaya variety is rarely found in Russia, mainly in the Volgograd region, where it was bred. It is valued for its good disease immunity and frost resistance. Small juicy fruits are oval-shaped. For a rich harvest, you need to choose the right pollinator, for example, Anna Shpet or Volgogradskaya.

New

Plum Vengerka Novaya is characteristic of the North Caucasus due to its excellent recovery after prolonged drought and frost. The tree is of moderate growth, the yield is average, and the fruits are of good quality and uniform in shape and size. It is often affected by diseases and moths. Plum does not require pollinators.

Zarechnaya

The variety is known for its good yield, pleasant taste and resistance to abrupt climate changes. Plum Vengerka Zarechnaya grows throughout Russia. Large bluish fruits are formed in early July. The culture is self-fertile.

Home (Ordinary)

Plum Hungarian Home (Ordinary, Ugorka or Moldavian) is widespread in regions of Russia with a warm, temperate climate, because it does not tolerate severe cold weather. Grows well in the Kursk and Voronezh regions. The tree is massive, spreading, and juicy, sweet fruits are small in size. Ugorka plum care is essential for a good harvest. If possible, Italian or Altana should be used as a pollinator.

Wangenheim

Better than all other varieties of plum Hungerka Wangenheim tolerates cold, due to which it can be cultivated throughout Russia and other countries. It has a pleasant, delicate fruit taste and a small pit. Does not need pollination.

Oposhnyanskaya

Oposhnyanskaya Hungarian plum comes from Ukraine, where it is massively grown. Differs in loose, sugary pulp and small bones. High yield and long shelf life are characteristic. Plum prefers warmer soils because it cannot tolerate extreme cold. The culture is self-fertile.

Landing features

Plum planting is a very important event, on which the quality and quantity of the crop depends. It should be treated with special attention and caution, having studied all the advice of experienced gardeners.

Recommended timing

In the spring, there is a chance that the plum will not take root, so planting should be carried out at the end of summer. The ideal dates are between the third decade of August and the beginning of September.

Choosing the right place

For growing Hungarian plums, it is recommended to choose a sunny place at the top, since a lot of moisture and cold air accumulates in the lowlands. The site should warm up well and be protected from drafts. The main features of the soil are looseness, nutritional value and the absence of an acidic environment.

What crops can and cannot be planted nearby

An excellent neighbor for the Hungarian plum will be a suitable pollinator with the same flowering time. It is not recommended to plant berry bushes next to the tree, as they can hinder the growth and development of germinating shoots.

Selection and preparation of planting material

When choosing a plum sapling, you should pay attention to its appearance. There should be no symptoms of diseases, lichens, as well as dry leaves or broken branches.

Landing algorithm

Before planting Vengerka plums, you must carefully study the sequence of the process, which consists of several stages:

  1. Choose the ideal plum seedlings and the optimal place for their growth.
  2. Dig holes 70 cm deep at a distance of 3–7 meters from each other.
  3. Place the plum sapling so that the root collar remains 3–5 cm above the ground.
  4. Cover with fertile soil mixed with 250 g of supersulfate solution and 1 bucket of peat or humus.
  5. To compact the soil well, water using 3 buckets of water.

Important! If the drain is higher than 1 meter, you should stick a small peg next to it and tie it with a soft rope.

Plum care Hungarian

The first years of plum life are characterized by the rapid growth of the crown, so regular pruning is necessary. With its help, gardeners simulate the appearance of a tree, the load on its skeletal part. It is recommended to treat the cut points after cutting with a special solution.

The Hungarian plum variety tolerates winter well if properly prepared for cold weather. In the fall, you need to wrap the root collar with sphagnum and whitewash the trunk. And also before the onset of frost, the trunk circle should be mulched - this is also a good method of protection from rodents if you use a coarser material. When the first snow falls, you need to carefully tamp it around the plum.

The root system of the Hungarian plum does not grow deeply, therefore it needs abundant watering. It is necessary to regularly check the moisture content of the soil around the tree and, if necessary, add 5 buckets of water at a time. When forming fruits, the amount of liquid must be increased by at least a third. You can refuse feeding in the first year, but in the second year it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizers. Adult plums, which are already bearing fruit, need superphosphate and growth stimulants.

Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention

An important part of caring for a Hungarian plum is to protect it from diseases and pests with the help of effective chemicals and the implementation of mandatory agricultural techniques. To do this, you need to know what dangers are characteristic of the culture, and how to deal with them.

DiseaseSymptomsProphylaxisTreatment
Black knottyOn young branches, swellings appear, which over time thicken and crack. This leads to the death and drying of the branches.Spray with Bordeaux mixture (1%) or similar substitutes until new leaves begin to form.Cut off and burn the affected parts of the plant, disinfect the sections with copper sulfate (1%), apply oil paint.
Hole spotSmall red spots appear in large numbers on the leaves, in the place of which holes are formed. Leaves and shoots dry out, and the fruits are deformed.Water sparingly and get rid of weeds.Spray the plant with Bordeaux solution (1%) or HOM preparation. Before and after flowering. If the disease continues to progress, repeat the procedure after harvest.
RustThe formation of yellow spots on the leaf blades, which are covered with a brown bloom on the reverse side. In the future, they dry up and fall off.Remove weeds, loosen the soil.Carry out 2-3 treatments with Bordeaux solution (1%) with an interval of 10 days.
PestProphylaxisMary struggle
MothRemove weeds and loosen the soil.Treat the tree with insecticides, and collect and burn the fallen shoots.
Unpaired silkwormTimely pruning of branches and processing of the trunk.Manually collect eggs and caterpillars. Treat the culture with chemical or natural preparations.

To preserve the orchard, it is necessary to regularly inspect it for the presence of pests and symptoms of the disease and eliminate the problem in a timely manner.

Conclusion

Plum Vengerka is a reliable and proven variety that will bring a rich harvest even after a frosty winter. The culture will delight for a long time with its delicious and high-quality fruits, if all the recommendations for planting and care are followed.

Testimonials

Porokh Elena Gennadievna, 36 years old, Volchansk

For a long time I chose a variety of plums, so that it would be suitable for climatic conditions, and did not require much attention. All my acquaintances recommended Vengerka, and she often came across her on the Internet. The plum has grown large, spreading, and the fruits are small, but very sweet. Last year she reaped a rich harvest and, first of all, did a lot of different preservation for the winter, which has become an integral part of evening gatherings in winter.

Kamensky Andrey Petrovich, 42 years old, Mikhalovka

Plum Vengerka is the very first variety I have tried, and I am pleased that I have chosen it. It tolerates winter well, it was necessary only once to deal with rust, which after appropriate treatment did not appear anymore. The yield of plums is high, and the quality and taste are getting better every year. The Vengerka variety is convenient for sales, since the fruits are absolutely the same in size, shape and tolerate transportation well.


Watch the video: Table - A spoonful of Hungary - Part 5: Plum dumplings (June 2021).