There is always a need for landscaping of vertical structures on the site. The most popular plants for such vertical gardening are clematis (clematis).
Gorgeous flowers look very impressive and allow you to plan different compositions in landscape design. Clematis in landscape design are used in various successful landscaping options. More than 300 plant species allow you to vary the color and liana-like structure of the stem. There are clematis with different flowering periods, so they can be successfully combined to decorate the site throughout the summer. Varieties differ in flower size and flowering time. Small-flowered flowers bloom earlier, already in early May. Large-flowered flowers bloom at the end of July, but continue to remain fresh until frost.
Plants belong to the family of garden vines. Even novice landscape designers work with clematis, thanks to their ability to instantly diversify the color palette of the suburban area. Mainly in landscape design, they use the property of clematis stems to be fixed on any surface nearby. Therefore, it will be easy to cover any supports with the help of a perennial bushy vine. These include all kinds of arches, gates, railings.
Translated from Greek, "clemma" means vine. The plant twists around the support and maintains its shape regardless of weather conditions.
Attention! With the help of clematis in landscape design, they decorate gazebos, balconies, gates, windows, or decorate any unsightly structure.
But this is not the only purpose of clematis in the landscape design of sites. With the same success, they are amazingly decorating alpine slides or creative compositions that use a creeping carpet of luxurious vines. Designers are armed with more than 2000 varieties of plants, with which you can develop your creativity. Clematis produces many shoots, abundantly strewn with beautiful flowers. Up to 500 flowers can bloom on one plant at a time. This blooming cape will take on whatever shape you plan.
Ideas for decorating the site
You can choose a blooming "waterfall" for landscape design for every taste. Some people prefer to use clematis of the same tone and shape. An extraordinary solution would be the simultaneous combination of several types. Especially if they bloom at different times and delight the eye until autumn. Photo options for how you can use clematis in landscape design will facilitate the choice of a solution.
Clematis are found in four main types of forms:
- herbaceous perennials;
Herbaceous varieties are ideal for compositions of alpine slides or flower beds. They are left without support, and the weaving clematis replaces ground cover in landscape design, but with more lush vegetation.
Semi-shrubs are planted to frame paths or low arches. The peculiarity of this form of clematis is the woodiness of the lower part of the trunk, so the plant cannot rise to a great height.
The tall form will skillfully hide some objects that are difficult to remove - pillars, trees. They will serve as a support for clematis and, at the same time, will be hidden under its lush flowers.
In some landscaping projects, the plant is placed near a tree trunk circle so that the stems trail around the tree trunk. A green crown interspersed with a blooming garland will look very impressive in a sunny meadow.
Clematis in landscape design perfectly serve as a decoration for areas where lilacs and rose hips grow. They decorate shrubs after they have faded.
The most harmonious combination of clematis is demonstrated with climbing roses. You can create a whole garden in such a composition. The ideal duet in landscape design is made up of vines with yellow or light varieties of roses.
Like many other plants, clematis are grown in pots and containers. This is very convenient in places with poor soil or, in general, with no soil. The flowerpot must be equipped with drainage and do not forget to water the vine.
To create a weaving hedge, any support or homemade frame will do. Having let the vine on the netting netting, you can place such a hedge in a convenient place. You should not try to completely braid the mesh. From a distance, flowers will appear to float in the air.
Important! Make sure that the clematis has time to fix on the support. Otherwise, the blooming mass may collapse downward.
To make clematis blooming for a long time, some tricks will help.
In order for the surface of the hedge or garland to be uniform, the shoots should be regularly trimmed and the bush should be shaped using guides. Their role can be played not only by supports or a fence, but also by wire, mesh. It is convenient to hook the wire to any wall in the desired direction to help clematis braid the required space.
Small architectural forms and other ideas with clematis
This technique will create an attractive accent in the landscape design of the site. As a soloist, clematis is rightfully considered the presenter. The plant does not require special conditions or a lot of space. Beauty is easy to create on a lamppost or birdhouse rack. These little highlights will make your garden landscape very lively.
The simplest solution would be to use clematis as an ampelous plant in an open area. A flower arrangement with flowing garlands of luxurious inflorescences will decorate not only a garden tree, but also a terrace, a window opening.
In addition, by correctly positioning the support, you can, together with the decor, keep yourself cool on a hot day. In the evening, clematis flowers spread an amazingly delicate aroma.
For the decoration of the front entrance, clematis in landscape design has no equal. The color can be matched to any building style. With the help of liana, it will be possible to emphasize your taste and charm guests from the first minute. An important advantage of clematis in the entrance area is their long flowering period. Therefore, beauty will accompany you throughout the summer season until the cold weather.
Popular types of clematis
There are a great many varieties of garden creepers. We will try to dwell on some of them. All of them are trimmed at the end of the season.
Bush form of clematis. It has a delicate aroma, outwardly the flower resembles a night violet (matiola).
A great option for thickets. Liana with large double flowers reaches 10 meters in height.
May have simple or semi-double flowers, but always large. The color of the petals is bluish-pinkish. Does not grow without support.
A great option for cool regions. It is very resistant to low temperatures, does not lose its decorative effect during the season.
Hybrid winter-hardy variety. Suitable for growing on balconies or terraces in regions with low temperatures. It grows in length up to 2 meters, a large flower up to 15 cm in diameter.
A find for beginners. Very easy to grow. It blooms profusely and for a long time, tolerates temperature extremes, is resistant to diseases and pests.
Another plus of clematis for lovers of consistency.
Attention! They grow quietly for 20 years in one place without transplanting. They don't even like to be transplanted often.
Therefore, try to choose a more stable place for clematis in the landscape design of the site. The plant demonstrates full decorativeness in the third year after planting. The root system of a garden vine does not require a large area, it is compact. But the stems grow and need a few square meters for their placement. This also needs to be considered when choosing a place for clematis in landscape design.
Lomonosov grows well on the southern, southwestern, southeastern sides of the site. Plants are planted from each other at a distance of at least 1-1.5 meters. It is better to select a support for a vine with a small diameter - mesh, wire, twine. In this case, the leaves of clematis twist around it and are thus attached to the support. On a large support diameter, this is impossible due to the short length of the leaf petiole.
The advantage of beautiful clematis in landscape design is also considered the absence of the need for chemical treatments. Disease resistance allows plants to grow without these techniques. In any case, by planting clematis on your site, you will not be disappointed. Long-term cooperation with beautiful vines will give you a lot of pleasure.