Raspberry Zhuravlik is a little-known remontant variety bred by Russian breeders. It is characterized by high yield, long-term fruiting and good berry taste. High immunity to diseases and average winter hardiness make it possible to grow the Zhuravlik variety throughout Russia. Below is a description of the Zhuravlik variety, photos and reviews.
The Zhuravlik variety was included in the state register in 2001 and is recommended for cultivation in the Volga region and the North Caucasus. When planting in other regions, the winter hardiness of the variety and the need for additional shelter are taken into account.
Description of the variety and photo of raspberry Zhuravlik:
- early maturation;
- remontant variety;
- powerful bush;
- erect or slightly spreading shoots;
- height 1.7-2 m;
- annual shoots of a purple hue, there is a slight waxy bloom;
- biennial branches are light brown;
- the presence of thorns at the base of the shoots;
- large green leaves.
Description of the berries of the Zhuravlik variety:
- Red color;
- weak pubescence;
- blunt-conical shape;
- tender pulp;
- weight 2 g;
- sweet and sour taste;
- taste assessment - 4.7 points.
Up to 2 kg of berries are removed from one bush of raspberries of the Zhuravlik variety. Fruiting is extended, ends with the onset of frost.
Berries have a wide range of uses. They are frozen, consumed fresh, used to prepare vitamin cocktails, desserts, preserves, compotes, and jams.
Repaired raspberries yield high yields when choosing a suitable planting site. Plants are provided with natural light, the soil is fertilized with minerals or organic matter. Seedlings of the Zhuravlik variety are purchased in nurseries or obtained from the original bush.
The repairing raspberry Zhuravlik is actively developing in the illuminated areas. In the shade, the yield and taste of berries are lost. Therefore, raspberries are planted away from buildings, fruit trees and shrubs.
Raspberry beds are arranged on a hill or on a small slope. In lowlands with high humidity and slow warming of the air, it is better not to plant a crop.
Important! Raspberry Zhuravlik prefers light fertile loam, rich in nutrients.
The soil for raspberries is prepared in advance. River sand is introduced into heavy clay soil. To better retain moisture, sandstones are fertilized with humus and peat. Acidic soils are limy.
Before growing raspberries, it is recommended to plant green manures on the site: lupine, mustard, legumes. When flowering begins, the plants are dug up and embedded in the soil to a depth of 30 cm.
Reproduction of raspberries
For planting, use healthy raspberry seedlings Zhuravlik. The optimum plant height is 25 cm, the diameter of the shoots is from 5 mm. The seedlings should not have any growths on the roots, dark spots or signs of damage.
In the presence of a full-fledged raspberry bush, Crane planting material is obtained in the following ways:
- Root offspring. Repaired raspberries form little root growth that can be used to multiply the variety. Most of the shoots are formed in bushes of the Zhuravlik variety over 4 years old. In the spring, the plants are dug up and transplanted into a separate bed. Once the raspberries are rooted, they are moved to a permanent location.
- Cuttings. In the fall, you need to dig out a small raspberry root Zhuravlik and divide it into cuttings 10 cm long. The resulting material is planted in a garden and watered abundantly. In the spring, seedlings will appear, which are regularly looked after. At the end of the season, raspberries are transplanted to the garden bed.
- By dividing the bush. When transplanting a raspberry Crane, new plants can be obtained by dividing the bush. The rhizome is dug up and divided into parts with a knife. The slices are sprinkled with wood ash.
Planting work is left in the fall, when leaf fall is over. It is allowed to plant raspberries Zhuravlik in the spring, then you need to wait for the snow to melt and stable warm weather.
Sequence of planting works:
- First, dig a hole with a diameter of 50 cm and a depth of 60 cm. When planting several plants, it is better to dig a trench. 1-1.5 m is left between the bushes.
- 2 buckets of compost and 250 g of complex fertilizer containing phosphorus and potassium are added to the fertile soil.
- The pit is covered with earth and left for 3-4 weeks.
- When the soil settles, start planting raspberries. The day before the work, the roots of the plant are dipped into a solution of a root formation stimulator.
- The plant is planted in a garden bed. The roots of the seedling are covered with earth, which is carefully tamped.
- The bushes are watered with warm water.
Raspberry Zhuravlik takes root well after planting. Plants are watered weekly, and the soil is mulched with humus.
Repaired raspberries require special care that ensures their long-term fruiting. The bushes are watered, fed with minerals and organic matter. In the fall, the shoots are pruned to get a good harvest for the next year.
The intensity of watering remontant raspberry Zhuravlik depends on weather conditions. On average, a raspberry tree is watered every week. In dry weather, moisture is applied twice a week. The soil should remain slightly moist at all times.
Watering is especially important at certain stages of raspberry development:
- before flowering;
- with the formation of ovaries;
- during the formation of berries.
For irrigation, use warm water, which has warmed up and settled in barrels. Exposure to cold water is a real stress for plants. It is important to avoid stagnation of moisture in the soil.
After watering, the soil is loosened to improve its breathability. To reduce the number of waterings, a layer of humus or straw 5 cm thick is poured.
Regular feeding has a positive effect on the fruiting of raspberries. Zhuravlik. For processing, both natural products and mineral fertilizers are used.
Raspberry feeding scheme Zhuravlik:
- in early spring when buds open;
- 2 weeks before the formation of inflorescences;
- during the flowering period;
- at the beginning of fruiting;
- in the fall after harvest.
For spring feeding, nitrogen fertilizers are used. From organic substances for raspberries, a solution of mullein diluted with water 1:15 is suitable. For 1 sq. m raspberry requires 2 buckets of solution.
An alternative feeding option is ammonium nitrate. Dissolve 30 g of fertilizer in water before watering raspberries. The substance can be embedded in the ground when digging up the site in the spring.
In the future, they switch to feeding raspberries with potassium and phosphorus. Nitrogen fertilizers have a positive effect on the development of shoots and leaves, which reduces the productivity of the bushes.
For feeding, 40 g of superphosphate (to stimulate the root system) and 25 g of potassium sulfate (to improve the taste of berries) are used. Substances are dissolved in water, after which the bushes are watered.
In autumn, wood ash helps to replenish the supply of nutrients in the soil. Fertilizer is embedded in the soil after harvesting.
For remontant raspberries, root pruning is practiced. The bushes are pruned in the fall to stimulate the development of new shoots the following spring. The procedure reduces the risk of developing diseases and spreading pests. Fungal spores and insect larvae often overwinter on raspberry shoots.
Important! Pruning makes it easier for raspberries to hide for the winter. Plants are spud and covered with dry leaves. In cold regions, raspberries are additionally covered with agrofibre.
If you abandon pruning, then the crop of raspberries Crane can be harvested from one- and two-year-old shoots. Old branches are cut at the root. Frozen, dry and broken shoots are subject to elimination.
Protection against diseases and pests
Raspberry Zhuravlik is characterized by resistance to the main diseases of the culture. With the observance of agricultural technology, plants rarely get sick.
To protect against diseases, raspberries Zhuravlik are sprayed with solutions of Topaz, Fundazol or Oxykhom preparations. Processing is carried out in the spring before the beginning of the growing season and in late autumn.
The risk of the spread of fungal diseases increases with excessive moisture, therefore, weeding is regularly carried out in the raspberry tree, and the bushes are tied to supports.
Important! The greatest danger to raspberries is represented by viral diseases. They cannot be treated, the affected plants are removed from the site.
The use of quality material will help protect the raspberry from viral diseases. Garden tools must be disinfected before and after use.
Raspberries are susceptible to beetles, spider mites, aphids and caterpillars. For insects, raspberries are treated before flowering with solutions of Karbofos or Actellik. During the growing season, it is better to spray the plantings with infusion of dandelions or wood ash. To repel pests, an infusion of garlic or onion peels is also used.
Svetlana, 38 years old, Moscow region
According to the description of the variety, reviews and photos, Zhuravlik acquired raspberries, planted it on a site along the fence. The bushes are quite compact, the shoots reach a height of 2 m. The variety with signs of remontantity. The crop ripens on annual shoots before the onset of frost.
Egor, 49 years old, St. Petersburg
For a long time I was looking for a fruitful and unpretentious raspberry variety to collect raspberries until late autumn. According to the description of the variety and the photo, the raspberry Zhuravlik attracted the attention. Although the variety is not the most famous, it deserves attention. The bushes are powerful and tall. The berries are sweet and sour and aromatic. The yield is decent.
Olga, 29 years old, Chelyabinsk
In our region, remontant raspberries are a real find. The crop can be harvested before the cold weather. According to the description of the raspberry variety, Zhuravlik is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and extended fruiting. In a local nursery, I bought a couple of seedlings for growing in the country. The plants have taken root well and have already brought the first harvest. The berry is tasty and aromatic, suitable for homemade preparations and freezing for the winter.
Raspberry Zhuravlik is a worthy variety that can provide the gardener with berries before the fall cold snap. Plant care is reduced to watering and feeding. Regular pruning stimulates fruiting. Special products help protect plantings from diseases and pests.