Any crop planted on the site consumes useful nutrients from the soil and ambient air for development. The size of the plot does not always allow you to radically change the crop rotation. Therefore, to obtain a good harvest of winter garlic, it is necessary to nourish the plants. With a deficiency of any element, it is difficult to count on getting large and healthy heads. The amount of fertilizers and dressings depends on the composition and fertility of the soil, the climatic conditions of the region. In this article, we will pay attention to such an issue as feeding winter garlic.
Winter garlic has a higher yield than spring garlic.
It ripens earlier, forms beautiful large heads. But it can not always be stored until the next harvest. It depends on storage conditions and climatic changes.
The strong bactericidal property of the plant allowed it to take one of the first places in the list of crops for growing in the country. It is considered quite unpretentious, but spring feeding is simply necessary for him. She will give him a complex of essential nutrients for active growth. Why spring? After the snow melts, winter garlic immediately grows, and it needs support. In addition to fertilizing, for planting a plant, it is required to apply fertilizer to the soil.
Rules for feeding winter garlic
The culture is considered frost-resistant and moisture-loving. Winter garlic prefers non-acidic soil, grows well on loam. The plant is fed in early spring and autumn immediately after planting.
Autumn dressing of garlic
It is carried out 3-4 weeks before landing in the ground. This is done in order to give the earth time to settle a little after digging. If time is limited, then the beds are spilled with water with the addition of antiseptic drugs. Then planting can begin in a week. Planting in loose soil leads to deepening of the teeth and later emergence of shoots.
An excellent food for a winter plant is a combination of organic matter and mineral components. They take high-quality humus or compost, add to it:
- wood ash or dolomite flour;
- potash fertilizers (good potassium sulfate 30 g);
- phosphate fertilizers (double superphosphate can be used in the amount of 15 g).
It is easiest to apply fertilizer at the time of digging the ridges. After the cloves are planted, the ridges are covered with a layer of rotted manure. This provides additional nutrition.
Important! Fresh manure is not suitable for winter garlic. It can provoke the development of diseases.
You should also be careful about applying nitrogen in the fall. Some summer residents additionally add urea, ammonium nitrate to the nutritional composition. Their introduction can lead to oversaturation of the plant with nitrogen, which will lead to its germination. As a result, it will simply freeze out in winter, and it will not work to wait for the harvest. Organic matter, which was introduced before planting, will provide winter garlic with a sufficient amount of nitrogen. In the case when organic matter was not introduced, also do not rush to add urea. Its addition to the ground is justified in the northern regions and with a late planting. In this case, nitrogen components are needed for better rooting of garlic and its early awakening after winter. Enough 15 grams of carbamide or urea per 1 sq. square meter.
Some gardeners begin preparing beds for winter garlic in September, apply fertilizers and dig the earth in advance.
Spring dressing of garlic
Top dressing of winter garlic in spring is repeated three times:
The first time it is carried out a week after the snow melts. The first feeding at this time serves as a stimulant for the growth of the green mass of the plant. It is permissible to add urea or carbamide to the top dressing.
The time of the second feeding is 14 days after the first one. Now winter garlic needs to be fed with phosphorus and potassium, because it's time for the head to form. These components do not decompose quickly, therefore, fertilizers for winter garlic are applied in advance in the form of a solution.
Important! Since mid-June, nitrogen-containing components have not been added.
Winter garlic is fed for the third time in early June. This is not quite early spring, but this top dressing is considered the third spring. Now it is important to make sure that the plant does not receive nitrogen. Otherwise, shooting will begin, and the culture will not form large heads. It is good to feed a winter plant in spring with ash as a potash fertilizer. And they do it during the third feeding. It is very important as a corrective one. It is at this moment that you can determine what elements are missing for the good development of winter garlic and correct the situation in time. The timing of the first and second feeding can be shifted, and the third is performed strictly according to the schedule. They brought in earlier - they fed not the bulb, but the leaves. Late - the leaves dry up, and there is no point in feeding.
Additional nutritional advice
Foliar feeding is a good addition to the main diet. It is carried out by irrigating the entire aboveground part.
The method allows the plant to quickly absorb useful components, which take longer to be absorbed through the root system. The dosage of the nutrient composition is halved and the leaves are sprayed in a convenient way. Be sure to combine foliar feeding with watering.
Important! Foliar dressing is unable to replace the main food, it serves as an additional component in the general scheme.
Foliar dressing is carried out twice a season, when the phase of active plant growth begins.
Separately, it should be noted the feeding of winter crops with wood ash. It is enough to scatter it in the aisles or make special grooves along the rows. You can use an infusion of ash (100 g of a component per bucket of water). They are poured over the grooves and immediately covered with soil.
The culture responds well to the alternation of ash solutions with infusions of mullein and bird droppings. With such a scheme, it is necessary to take a break so as not to overdose the fertilizers.
Proper nutrition of winter garlic outdoors guarantees a good harvest and a quality product. It ripens earlier than the spring one, so summer residents always allocate space for this plant.
How to prepare formulations for feeding
Composition with manure and ash
To prepare it, you need slurry in a ratio of 1: 6 with water and wood ash at the rate of 200 g per 1 sq. square meter. Manure must be taken rotted and of high quality. It is allowed to add 2-3 times during the growing season of winter garlic.
A solution of urea for watering a garlic bed is prepared from one tablespoon of the component and a bucket of water. One bucket is enough for watering 5 square meters.
Organic matter is required to be applied in the amount of 7-8 kg per 1 square meter of soil.
Superphosphate for the third feeding is diluted in the amount of 2 tablespoons per bucket of water. The bucket is spread over 2 square meters of soil.
Mullein infusion is a complex fertilizer for winter garlic. Prepared in a 1: 7 ratio with water.
Poultry droppings are bred more. For 1 part of the litter, 15 times more water is taken.
Top dressing of winter garlic is an important and responsible matter. It is a guarantee of a good harvest, but it is necessary to observe the terms, types and proportions of the compositions. By fulfilling all these parameters, you will ensure a good harvest on your site.