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Borovik two-color - a representative of the Boletovye family, the Borovik genus. Synonyms for the species name are Boletus bicolor and Ceriomyces bicolor.
What do two-color boletus look like?
Initially, the two-color boletus cap has a convex shape; as it grows, it becomes prostrate with curled edges. The surface is velvety to the touch, ranging in color from pink to brick red. The most common color in adulthood is red. The diameter of the cap is from 3 to 15 cm.
The pulp is dense, fleshy, yellow in color, forms a bluish tint on the cut. On the inner side of the cap there are yellow tubes 3-7 mm long with small rounded pores. The leg of the boletus boletus is dense, fleshy and very wide, about 2 cm in diameter. It is noticeably widened towards the base, colored in a pink-red tint. In most mushrooms of this type, the leg is curved, in youth it has a clavate shape, over time it becomes cylindrical, without thickening at the bottom. The spore powder is colored brown or olive.
Where do boletus boletus grow
A favorable time for their development is the period from mid-June to October. As a rule, they grow in coniferous forests, sometimes they are found near deciduous trees. This species is not widespread on the territory of Russia, therefore not much information has been collected about it. Most often, the boletus two-colored lives in the temperate climatic zone of North America. They can grow both individually and in groups.
Is it possible to eat two-colored boletus
This instance is classified as edible mushrooms. It is allowed to eat not only a hat, but also a slightly harsh leg. Two-color boletus are suitable for all types of processing. According to experienced mushroom pickers, dishes made from this ingredient are quite tasty.
Important! After heat treatment, the color of the pulp acquires a darker shade, which is a characteristic feature of this species.
In search of a two-color sore, you should be very careful, because there is a chance that you will encounter its poisonous twin brother, which is called pink-purple boletus. It will be quite difficult for an inexperienced mushroom picker to distinguish these specimens from each other. However, the twin can be recognized by the paler pink hue of the fruiting body and the slightly sour-fruity aroma. In addition, if you press on its pulp, it will take on a wine color.
Quite often boletus bicolor is confused with porcini mushroom, but there is nothing wrong with that, since the double is edible and tasty. This specimen has a red or brown cap. Its leg is the thickest and lowest, in contrast to the two-tone, painted in dark brown shades.
Red flywheel is a representative of the Boletov family, belongs to edible mushrooms and has external similarities with the species in question. However, most people do not seek to collect it, since very often the fruit bodies are affected by forest worms and larvae. It is possible to distinguish from a two-color boletus by an orange-yellow leg in the upper part and red scales located on its surface. In addition, the head of the flywheel is much smaller, its maximum size in diameter is only 8 cm.
When collecting two-color boletus, you should adhere to simple rules:
- The fruit should be removed as carefully as possible so as not to damage the mycelium.
- Mushrooms of this type are allowed to be twisted, and not cut off the leg, as is usually done with other gifts of the forest.
- When taking it, it is necessary to inspect for the presence of various harmful insects. If there are any, then they should be removed.
- It is better to put two-color boletus in the basket with the hat down, but if the legs are very long, then it is allowed sideways.
- After collecting, it is necessary to carry out the primary processing of forest gifts as soon as possible. The complete loss of beneficial properties in the open air occurs after 10 hours. It is worth noting that these untreated mushrooms can be stored in the refrigerator, but no more than a day.
Important! Boletus two-color, when removed from the soil, rather quickly loses not only its appearance, but also useful properties. That is why, after collection, you should immediately carry out primary processing.
From this ingredient, you can prepare various hot dishes, as well as salt, pickle and freeze for the winter. However, before direct preparation, it is necessary to carry out primary processing. To do this, the fruits are washed, the lower part of the leg is cut off, especially large specimens are crushed. Then the mushrooms are soaked in slightly salted water for 30 minutes. After this time, the gifts of the forest are washed again. After this procedure, you can start preparing the selected dish.
Borovik two-color is a fairly large variety of the Boletov family. The color of this specimen is one of the most interesting among the gifts of the forest. The cap of the fruit resembles a half of a peach, as the top is pink-red and the inside is yellow.