Breeders from different countries are constantly in search of new varieties of vegetables. Potatoes are no exception. Today there are many early and mid-season potato varieties that are appreciated by vegetable growers. The choice takes into account the ability of high yield of the crop, the safety of potatoes.
Jelly potatoes conquered the Russians with their special taste, beautiful appearance, and high yield. It is grown on personal plots and on farms.
Breeders from Holland are the “parents” of Jelly's varietal potatoes. It was created in 2005. The Jelly variety was immediately included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. At first, potatoes were cultivated in the Central and Volga-Vyatka regions.
Since 2010, the Jelly variety has become widespread in other regions of Russia, where the climate allows growing early potatoes. The popularity of potatoes among consumers allowed them to start growing on an industrial scale.
The story about Jelly potatoes would be incomplete without a description of the variety.
The photo clearly shows that the tops of the Jelly potato are high, semi-erect, sometimes spread out. The foliage is dark green, edges with waves. The flowers are white, the inflorescence is compact.
In each nest, up to 15 practically smooth tubers with a slight roughness ripen, the weight of which is 84-140 grams. The peel color is yellow. Potatoes have an oval-rounded shape, the sizes are almost the same, take a look at the photo.
The eyes of the variety are not deepened, they are on the surface. The dark yellow pulp contains up to 18% starch.
Jelly potatoes are table varieties. It reaches technical ripeness in three months. If temperature conditions permit, with early planting, you can dig in Jelly potatoes by the end of June. If the soil is nutritious, then 156-292 centners can be harvested from one hectare.
There is nothing to be surprised at: in the photo there is one bush of Jelly potatoes. Count how many tubers! As a rule, there are practically no substandard potatoes.
Important! The Jelly potato variety retains its commercial qualities for a long time. According to the creators of the variety, seed potatoes can be stored for several seasons.
Maybe one of the vegetable growers will check this statement about the peculiarities of the variety, and then report the results in the reviews. Indeed, there are many experimenters among our readers.
Agrotechnical characteristics of Jelly potatoes:
- Fluctuations in average daily temperatures, short-term drought do not negatively affect productivity.
- The variety is picky about complex mineral fertilizers.
- Potatoes are calm about mechanical damage, they endure long-term transportation practically without losses.
- Repeated hilling is necessary.
- Many potato diseases are unaffected. The only problem is with late blight: tops and tubers are slightly damaged.
- So that the potatoes do not lose their varietal qualities, they need to be planted in a new place every year.
The rest of the Jelly potato variety is unpretentious, does not cause much trouble.
Warning! The presence of weeds becomes the cause of potato disease. There is no place for weeds in a potato field!
Jelly is just yummy
The vegetable is nutritious, pleasant to the taste, wateriness is not observed even in young potatoes. On the cut, the Jelly is dark yellow in color, preserved during cooking.
Due to its dense pulp, it does not boil over. This quality is highly regarded by the chip and French fries manufacturers. With yellowish potatoes, you can cook soups, fry, boil whole - the form is not lost. But for mashed potatoes, you will have to use other varieties.
How delicious the Jelly potatoes look in the photo below.
What you need to know about growing rules
The unpretentious Jelly variety should be planted on light, nutrient-rich soils. It responds well to soil with a lot of sand.
Since it is undesirable to grow this variety in one place, crops can serve as predecessors:
Vegetable gardens are plowed with complete warming of the soil. You can not leave any plant residues on the site so as not to infect the tubers with diseases.
When growing the Jelly potato variety on an industrial scale, complex fertilizers are applied. In small areas, furnace ash can be dispensed with.
Warning! Fertilizers should not be applied in large quantities. This will negatively affect the growing season of potatoes and the safety of tubers in winter.
Three weeks before planting, you need to get seed potatoes for germination. Spread the tubers in an even layer in a warm, fairly humid, well-lit room. If possible, then right in the sun so that the potatoes turn green.
During this time, the eyes wake up and begin to sprout. The best are the sprouts that you see in the picture below. They are strong, firmly attached to the uterus. When planting, they practically do not break off, they take root quickly.
If large tubers of the Jelly variety were laid for storage, then they can be cut into pieces. This method saves seed. The Jelly variety has a positive attitude towards such an experiment.
Attention! When cutting the tubers, pay attention to the presence of eyes or sprouts on each piece. How to do it correctly is shown in the photo.
The seed is powdered with wood ash at the site of the cuts. This is both tuber protection and additional feeding.
To get a rich harvest of Jelly potatoes, judging by the description of the variety, numerous photos and reviews of vegetable growers, it is necessary to observe agrotechnical standards.
The distance between the rows is 75 cm, between the tubers at least 35 cm. With thickened plantings, the Jelly variety reduces yield, the plants are not ventilated, they do not receive heat and light - the disease is right there. Planting potatoes brings together both big and small. Look at the photo of how dad and daughter work together.
Jelly potatoes can withstand drought, so it is not advisable to resort to watering.
Advice! If there is no rain at the time of flowering and the beginning of tuberization, then you can water a little.
The rest of the time, weeds are removed, double hilling is carried out. This helps to destroy small weeds, loosen the crust of the soil.
Attention! High ridges above the potato plantings are a guarantee of a rich harvest.
Colorado potato beetles bring a lot of troubles to vegetable growers. Spraying is used to destroy them. We have to fight with the bear and the wireworm. They damage the root system and tubers.
Why potatoes are sick
When creating the Jelly variety, breeders took care of the immune system of the potato. He practically does not have:
- potato cancer;
- cyst nematode;
- black legs;
- viral diseases.
The only disease that affects the tops and partially the tubers of the Jelly variety is late blight. It needs to be stopped at the initial stage, as in the photo, and processing should begin. It is carried out at least 3 times, until the complete destruction of the disease.
Spraying products are available from specialized stores. You can use:
- Ridomil MC;
- Ditamin M-45;
- copper chloride;
One of these drugs is shown in the photo.
All of these drugs are toxic. Follow the instructions for dilution. You need to work in protective clothing. After spraying, wash your face and hands.
A month before harvesting vegetables, work with any toxic drugs is stopped.
Cleaning and storage
To keep the harvested Jelly potatoes well, they need to be harvested in dry, sunny weather. The collected tubers are laid out on the soil for drying. Then they leave it under a canopy for a week.
Tubers are sorted out, those that have received damage during digging are removed. At home, they are stored in a basement or in a dark place in a city apartment. In industrial production, vegetables are packed in bags in a vegetable store. Storage methods in the photo below.
Irina, 29 years old, Chita
Our region belongs to the zone of risky agriculture. But I still ordered some Jelly tubers. I must say, I was not disappointed. I planted only 5 pieces, collected a full bucket of even tubers. The potatoes, yellow like the sun, were to everyone's taste.
Matvey, 41 years old, Nizhny Novgorod
They planted with his wife Jelly at the dacha. Harvest what you need! We will never give up.
Ekaterina, 50 years old, Volgograd region
Until last year, Vineta was mostly planted. We decided to experiment, bought seeds of the Jelly variety. And the harvest is good, and the taste is excellent.
Nikolay, 35 years old, Moscow region
I love boiled potatoes. Yellow Jelly conquered with her taste. Although the harvest was not very impressive, I have higher yielding varieties. I don’t know, maybe the soil is not like that. I will try to plant again in the spring. What will show?