Skumpia Royal Purple is a deciduous shrub that grows in southern Europe, Central Asia, the Himalayas, and northern China. Its second name, smoky tree, is due to the wavy hairs that cover the plant with fluffy, spectacular smoke-like poufs throughout the entire flowering period. The foliage of the Royal violet skumpia during the entire growing season changes color from bright burgundy in the spring to purple-black in the summer. In autumn, the color of the leaves varies from orange-red to red. The Royal Purple shrub is unusually decorative, decorating the garden from spring to late autumn. The following is a description of the Royal Purple tannery with reviews, videos and photos.
Photo of Royal Purple Scump:
Description of the Royal Purple Leather Skump
Skumpia leather Cotinuscoggigria Royal Purple is a vertical, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub of the Sumakhov family. Has a compact wide-oval crown, grows up to 5 m in height. The root system of Royal Purple scumpia is powerful, branched, deeply penetrating. Branches are covered with brownish-brown bark. Young shoots are greenish or reddish on one side; when broken, they release milky juice. The leaves of the Royal purple scumpia shrub are oval, shiny, in various shades of burgundy with a pink border around the edges. Flowers are bisexual, small, pinkish, collected in large loose panicles. When they fall off, the elongated pedicels become covered with fine pink, burgundy, or red hairs.
The flowering period of the Royal Purple tanning skumpia is May-June. Fruits are small dry drupes, ripen in July-August, after a year.
The main characteristics of the plant
Skumpia Royal Purpl is a light-loving, thermophilic plant, undemanding to the composition of the soil. It blooms poorly in the shade, the leaves lose their unique color. The culture is drought-resistant, the winter hardiness of the Royal skumpia is average. In severe winters, young plants freeze and recover at an average rate. For 3-4 years, the frost resistance of the Royal Purple variety increases.
The plant has great vigor of growth - up to 1-2 m per year, needs annual pruning. Scumpia Royal Purple can live up to 100 years.
Scumpia Royal Purple reproduces in two ways: seed and vegetative. The first method is the least popular, since Royal Purple seeds have poor germination, and the process of growing seedlings itself is quite lengthy.
Before sowing, the seeds are stratified and scarified, then immersed in the soil to a depth of 2 cm. Seedlings of the Royal Purpl variety often appear only the next year. As a result, specimens grow, adapted to local climatic conditions.
Vegetative propagation of Royal Purple scumpia involves the use of green cuttings or cuttings. The best way is to root the branches. The selected branch is pinned to the ground, having previously cut the bark on the underside, and covered with soil. When the cuttings take root, it is cut off from the mother bush and transplanted. Royal Purple Scumpia cuttings are harvested in the middle of summer. Before planting, they are kept in "Kornevin" or "Heteroauxin", placed in a greenhouse, watered a little several times a day.
Important! But, despite all efforts, only a third of the total number of cuttings of the Royal Purpl variety are rooted.
In addition, Royal Purple Skumpia produces a large number of basal shoots that take root well. Separate the shoot from the bush with a sharp shovel.
Planting and caring for Royal Purple skumpia
The Royal Purple does not require a large area to grow - the plant is compact. It is best to purchase ready-made Royal Purpl seedlings in special containers. You should not buy planting material of dubious origin from random sellers. Quality assurance can only be given by specialized stores or nurseries. Planting and caring for the Royal Violet Skump is not a big hassle, the culture is not capricious.
Royal Pearl seedlings with an open root system are transferred to open ground in the spring, when stable positive temperatures are established, or in the fall - a month and a half before the onset of frost. Seedlings with a closed root system can also be planted in summer. Planting and caring for the Royal Purple tanning skump does not require much experience from the gardener, it is available even for beginners.
Site selection and soil preparation
Scoopia Royal Purple should be planted in a sunny area, protected from northerly winds and drafts, with high snow cover in winter. The plant prefers loose, well-drained soils - sandy loam and loam with a neutral and slightly alkaline reaction and deep groundwater.
Attention! Scumpia Royal Pearl does not tolerate acidic, swampy heavy dense soils, does not tolerate excessive moisture, stagnation of melt water in the roots.
Before planting the Royal Purple scump, the site must be prepared. The optimum will be a soil mixture consisting of turf, peat and sand (2: 1: 1). Wood ash or dolomite flour is added to the acidic soil.
Scumpia Royal purple photo:
Planting the Royal Purple Skump
An open-rooted scumpia Royal Purple seedling should be rooted in water the day before planting. After they should be examined, cut out sick and dry. Planting material with a closed root system must be released from the container immediately before planting; the earthen coma does not need to be shaken off. Planting pits for Royal Purple skump are located at a distance of at least 1.5 m from each other. Their size should slightly exceed the volume of the roots. The order of planting Royal Purple bushes is as follows:
- A 10-20 cm drainage layer of crushed stone and sand is placed at the bottom of the pit, 100 g of lime is added to the soil mixture.
- Pour 2 buckets of water, let it soak.
- A Royal Purpl seedling is installed, the roots are straightened, carefully covered with earth, tamped, watered.
When planting, the root collar should be a couple of centimeters above the soil level, subsequently it will lower.
According to gardeners, the cultivation of Royal Purple scump does not require much trouble. Caring for the plant involves watering as needed, loosening and weeding, feeding, pruning the bush.
Young scumpia Royal Purple bushes need to be watered daily, especially in the heat. After the plant has taken over, watering should be reduced. The soil should be moistened rarely, but abundantly, 1-1.5 buckets of water are required per plant. To preserve moisture in the roots, it is advisable to mulch the soil in the near-trunk circle of the Royal Purple shrub.
If the soil is fertile enough, then in the first year after planting the Royal Purple Scump does not need additional fertilization. In the second year, the plant should be fed according to the following scheme:
- in the spring, add a nitrogen-containing composition - ammonium nitrate or urea;
- in summer, the plant needs potassium and phosphorus;
- with poor soils, 200 g of nitroammofoska is introduced into the roots in spring and summer.
Attention! Mineral fertilizers with organic matter should not be mixed.
Scumpia Royal Purple should be pruned regularly. In the spring, before the flowers appear, dead branches should be removed, the annual growth should be shortened by 2/3. Royal Purple will benefit from rejuvenating "stump" pruning, as a result of which the plant produces strong shoots with larger leaves. Due to increased branching, a compact spherical crown will form, but flowering will be significantly reduced. Also, by regularly pruning a young seedling, you can grow Royal Purple in a standard culture.
Preparing for winter
The Royal Purple variety needs to protect young plants from frost. In 3-4 years after planting, the frost resistance of the skumpia increases. Before the onset of cold weather, the soil around the Royal Purpl bush must be loosened, hilled, mulched with peat or compost. It is advisable to build a frame above it, on which the covering material will fit. You can also bend the bush, pin it to the ground and cover it. It is preliminarily recommended to lay burlap, leaves or sawdust on the ground. You need to cover the Royal purple scumpia in dry weather with the onset of the first frost.
Pests and diseases
Royal Purple is practically not susceptible to diseases and pest attacks. There is some susceptibility to leaf blight, rust and verticillium. The causative agents are fungi, the activity of which increases with increased humidity. Phosphorus-potassium supplements, which increase the immunity of the plant, are used for the prevention of diseases of the Royal Purple scumpia. If a disease is detected, scumpia should be sprayed with a 0.2% solution of one of the drugs:
Occasionally scumpia is affected by the bark beetle, leaf beetle, leaf beetle. In the fight against them, insecticides help to cope:
Insects harm Royal Purple not only by feeding on foliage and young shoots. They are also carriers of fungal spores, which enter the ulcers left by the parasites on plant parts and cause the onset of diseases. Therefore, it is important to identify uninvited guests in a timely manner and promptly take action.
Application in landscape design
Scumpia Royal Purple is widely used in urban landscaping, in single and group plantings, as part of a variety of landscape compositions. It is readily grown in parks, squares and in personal plots. The Royal Purpl variety is planted in mixborders, as part of a variety of tree and shrub groups. It goes well with low-growing barberries, cotoneaster, spirea, conifers. The space between the bushes in the group is filled with herbaceous perennials.
Royal Purple can serve as a background, form a hedge, be a bright accent color in the garden. Scumpia Royal Purple has soil-protecting and reclamation properties, it is used to create protective forest belts and strengthen ravines.
Advice! Royal Purple should not be planted next to maples, robinia, poplar, Amur velvet, thorns, the substances secreted by it can destroy these plants.
The Royal Purple Leather Scumpia is a magnificent, extraordinarily beautiful and spectacular plant. It organically fits into any design, looks great both in a small garden and in a city park. Undemanding to climatic conditions and care, the Royal Purpl variety can be grown without much difficulty even by a novice gardener. A description of the experience of growing Royal Purple skumpia tannery can be found on the wide open spaces of the Internet.
Kudryashova Arina, Izhevsk, 27 years old
Once I saw a guest at the Royal Purple dacha and fell in love. I immediately bought a seedling in the nursery and planted it. Although it was summer in the yard, the plant got off to a great start (by the way, summer was cool and rainy). I cut it off somehow by intuition, the result was a tree. This is my pride and the main decoration of my site. The tree grows without much hassle on my part - I water it, I loosen it. Pulling out the weeds, pruning a little. No diseases and parasites are attached to it. I recommend!
Ryabovol Irina, Astrakhan, 32 years old
At our dacha Royal Purpl has been growing for 15 years already - a tree about 3 meters. Periodically prune old branches, fertilize once every 2 years, water. Decorates the site from spring to late autumn. It's interesting to see how it changes. In summer it is shrouded in a kind of haze, in autumn - in bright foliage. She is always beautiful.