Rowan Titan is a varietal hybrid plant. The variety was bred by crossing apple, pear and mountain ash. The selection work resulted in a small tree with a round crown, small leaves and sweet round fruits. Rowan berries are eaten, tinctures and preserves are made.
Description of mountain ash Titan
Poets of the Silver Age dedicated poems to this tree. Rowan is familiar to everyone; it is planted in parks, in alleys, in gardens and in summer cottages. Many varieties of red rowan have been bred, each of which is unique.
According to the photo, the Titan rowan has small leaves, which by autumn change color from dark green to crimson-red. The crown of a tree is of medium density, through which the branches are visible. Rowan leaves shine beautifully in the sun.
The plant blooms with small white and beige flowers in early June. During flowering, a faint pleasant aroma is released.
In late autumn, red fruits ripen, which can be eaten fresh or cooked. Useful jams, marmalade are made from berries, alcoholic tinctures are prepared and much more.
The Titan variety is resistant to temperature extremes and prolonged drought, and is not attacked by insects and harmful parasites. In care, the culture is unpretentious, does not require constant pruning of trunks and crown formation.
It is recommended to grow it on fertile soils, away from wetlands.
Pros and cons of the variety
The variety has an impressive list of advantages:
- decorativeness of leaves;
- annual fruiting;
- high yield;
- excellent taste of berries;
- the duration of storage of ripe fruits without processing;
- resistance to drought and various diseases.
The root system of Titan is not adapted for swampy soils: when planting a young plant, this feature should be taken into account so as not to ruin it.
Attention! From an excess of moisture, the roots of mountain ash quickly rot.
Planting and caring for Titan fruit rowan
It is recommended to plant the fruit tree in sunny or slightly shaded areas. The Titan variety prefers moderately moist soil that does not retain moisture. The soil for dissolution must be fertile and loose: sandy, sandy loam and loamy soils are considered ideal.
A tree is planted in the spring, so that by the fall the young seedling will get stronger and easily endure the first winter.
The hybrid is unpretentious in care. For proper development and formation, regular procedures are necessary:
- moderate watering;
- loosening the soil;
- weed removal;
- feeding and prevention against insect pests.
Before planting, debris is carefully removed on the site and earth clods are broken.
Landing site preparation
Before planting a rowan hybrid of the Titan variety, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work with the soil. The soil must be clean, free of old roots and stones. All organic matter, when rotted, can harm a young tree.
The soil for mountain ash must be nutritious. To do this, add superphosphate or other mineral fertilizers to the hole.
For better drainage, gravel or sand is added to the prepared hole before planting. This will improve drainage from the roots and prevent root rot.
For planting, you need to carry out simple preparatory work:
- dig a hole with a diameter of 50 - 60 cm;
- add sand for drainage;
- apply mineral fertilizers.
The distance between plantings should be at least 5 m, since the mountain ash eventually forms a powerful root system and a spreading crown.
Having placed the seedlings in the planting hole, it is necessary to straighten the rhizomes and sprinkle them with earth, leaving a growing point on the surface.
The ground is carefully trampled down and watered. To prevent the plant from tilting, hold the trunk.
Watering and feeding
Rowan varieties Titan prefers moderately moist soil, without water stagnation. Rare watering is not harmful to the tree, since the variety is drought tolerant.
In the hot summer season, the plant needs proper watering. So that the root system and crown do not die from a lack of life-giving moisture, the tree is watered with 1 bucket of water per 1 sq. m of deciduous crown.
A fruiting tree responds well to feeding. Fertilizers are applied in spring and autumn. Rowan is fed with urea, ammonium nitrate, mullein, phosphorus and potassium.
The hybrid does not need regular pruning, since a tree grows with a beautiful spherical crown shape.
Pruning can be done to keep the plant growing by trimming unnecessarily long branches.
The first crown formation is carried out in the spring. Gardeners remove old and dry branches to stimulate the development of new lateral shoots.
By repeated pruning, the side branches are removed to give the desired decorative shape.
Preparing for winter
The hybrid tolerates wintering well, so the crown is not protected from low temperatures and snow.
However, for prevention, it is recommended to take care of the tree trunk and cover it with protective material.
At the end of autumn, the soil near the Titan mountain ash trunk is mulched with peat or sawdust.
In winter, hares and field mice often eat the tender bark, so the trunk is wrapped in rags, polyethylene and other covering material.
Rowan blossoms at a time when nature has not yet finally woken up after a winter sleep.
For the formation of berry ovaries, the hybrid does not need bees, bumblebees or wasps, since the Titan variety is self-fertile. This tree can be planted in a single copy without worrying about cross-pollination. Every year the Titan mountain ash pleases with a bountiful harvest.
At the end of summer, it is time for rowan berries to ripen. The ripeness of the fruit is determined by the appearance. Ripe berries are those that are completely colored in a rich burgundy color.
Brushes with a ripe red harvest are carefully cut with pruning shears and the berries are separated from the stalk with your hands.
It is recommended to take care of birds and squirrels, which feast on rowan fruits in winter. A few brushes with berries are left for the animals. Due to the reserves remaining on the tree, hungry birds and rodents survive in the winter.
Diseases and pests
The Titan variety is not prone to a number of classic rowan tree diseases:
- powdery mildew;
Even fruit rot does not damage Titan's leaves and berries.
Despite the strong immunity, ticks, caterpillars and other harmful insects live on the leaves and branches of mountain ash.
For prevention purposes, it is recommended to treat trees with special agents at the beginning of the growing season - in the spring.
The fruit tree is propagated in three well-known ways:
- cuttings from an adult tree;
The most popular and effective method is to cut young plants.
Harvesting of planting material begins in early September. Branches are cut off from an adult mountain ash, the cut is sharpened with a knife and placed in water to form a new root system.
After 30 - 40 days, white roots appear, which means that the cutting is ready for planting.
Rowan Titan is an unpretentious garden tree. A fruiting plant is planted not only to decorate the garden plot.
Titan red rowan berries are rich in vitamin C and carotene. They are used in food to strengthen the immune system. Rowan berries are used to prepare pies and various drinks. Canned red berries do not lose their beneficial properties. Men prepare tinctures and liqueurs from rowan fruits.
On the site, the tree grows about 3 m in height. The crown of a thin and round shape grows. The leaves of the Titan variety are decorative. In the sun, they shimmer and shine like thousands of small mirrors.
According to the description of the variety and numerous photos, the flowering of the Titan red rowan begins in mid-June. Small white flowers bloom on the branches, which have a pleasant and barely perceptible aroma.
The root system of the hybrid is prone to rotting, so it is important to maintain moderate watering.
Reviews of mountain ash Titan
Anatoly D, 52 years old, St. Petersburg
The hybrid is not whimsical to care for and gives a high yield. It grows not a large, but a very beautiful tree.
Daria Alekseevna, 60 years old, Voronezh
I advise everyone to plant a red mountain ash on their site. In autumn, extraordinary beauty: red, crimson and pink leaves add color to the site. All the neighbors gather at our place in the evenings and admire the golden time. My Titan pleases not only with a decorative crown, but also with delicious berries. I freeze them for the winter and then cook compotes, fruit drinks, jelly.