Repaired raspberries are gaining great popularity among gardeners and gardeners every year. Nothing beats the taste of fresh homemade berries, as well as the preparations made from them. Children especially love raspberries, and we try to give them only the best. Therefore, many people prefer to grow raspberries on their site, and not buy at the market or in the store.
Of course, getting a bountiful harvest of raspberries will take a lot of effort, which will ultimately be rewarded. Top dressing has an important role in the cultivation of raspberries. You can get a harvest of berries without it, but the quantity and quality will hardly please you. Below we will look at why feeding is such an important step, and how to properly feed remontant raspberries.
Top dressing of young seedlings
Repaired raspberry is a perennial plant. She is capable of producing crops in the first year after planting. Depending on the variety, such raspberries begin to bear fruit from July - August and ends in September or October. For good growth and fruit formation, the bush needs fertile soil. Just planting a seedling in the garden is not enough. To increase the fertility of the bush, you can add wood ash or manure to the hole for planting a seedling.
Also for this purpose, purchased mineral fertilizers are used. For example, it is very useful to add superphosphate to the soil, which has a direct effect on the yield of the bush. When planting a bush in the fall, add about 150 grams of superphosphate to the hole. This will provide the plant with the necessary nutrients. And in order for the bush to take root well, you should place its roots in a solution of clay and cow dung before planting.
Also, during planting of young bushes, you can carry out the following top dressing. At the bottom of the hole you need to make:
- 4 kilograms of any organic matter;
- 1 teaspoon superphosphate;
- 1 teaspoon of potassium.
After that, the seedling should be watered abundantly, after which the soil around the bush should be loosened.
In the southern regions of the country, especially in areas where the soil is most fertile, it is not necessary to feed during the first two years from the time of planting. However, the inhabitants of the middle lane were not so lucky, and the bushes will need to be fertilized every year.
When to start feeding
Fertilize raspberries in early spring. Caring for remontant raspberries in the spring involves the use of carbamide or ammonium nitrate. They are simply sprinkled on the surface of the soil around the bushes. Towards the end of spring, you can start feeding with nitrogen fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are no less effective. Usually, experienced gardeners always have such substances at hand. For feeding remontant raspberries, an infusion of chicken manure or mullein is perfect.
Advice! Many gardeners use infusion of potato peelings as a spring feed for raspberries. The skins are poured over with water and left to ferment. Then this mixture is diluted with water and irrigated.
It is very useful to carry out organic nutrient watering of the bushes. This will require the following substances:
- Cow dung.
- 20 liters of water.
- 2 teaspoons of urea.
By doing this spring procedure, you can provide the plant with nutrients for the entire season. Watering is carried out in May, when raspberries need strength most of all.
Top dressing of remontant raspberries in summer
The need for a large amount of mineral fertilizers is due to the fact that remontant raspberries have large berries. Only strong and healthy bushes can produce berries of this size. Nitrogen fertilizers can help in this raspberry, which is advised to be applied immediately after the appearance of the first leaves.
Any mineral dressing is applied before loosening the soil. Producers of mineral fertilizers have made it easier for gardeners. In specialized stores, you can buy ready-made complexes of minerals, for example, such as "Kemira" and "Ekofosk". These substances must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1 tablespoon to 3 liters of water. Watering with a similar solution is performed in hot weather.
But not all minerals are used as solutions. Ammonium sulfate is applied to the soil in dry form. Fertilizer is simply sprinkled on the soil under the bush. For one raspberry seedling, you will need about 15 grams of ammonium sulfate.
Advice! Excessive use of minerals can increase the acidity of the soil. To neutralize this process, you can sprinkle the soil with the most common ash.
If the bushes are already many years old, then the following mixture will help them recover:
- 2 kg of manure;
- 2 teaspoons of potassium salt;
- 2 teaspoons of nitrogen;
- 2 teaspoons of phosphorus.
Top dressing during fruiting
An important step in caring for remontant raspberries is feeding during the ripening period of the first berries. For this, you can use the ready-made complex "Ideal". To prepare the solution, you must follow the instructions on the package. You can additionally add other minerals to it.
Also, during the fruiting period, the bush especially needs potassium and nitrogen. It is very important to start applying nitrogen fertilizers even before the berries begin to form. And potassium magnesium can be added to the soil to make up for the lack of potassium.
Important! The composition for feeding should in no case contain chlorine.
Remember that potassium is quickly washed out of the soil, so it can be added more often than other minerals. For example, potassium can be mixed with organic fertilizers. They do not dissolve so quickly, and will help the potassium stay in the soil longer. Instead of organics, other slowly dissolving substances can be used. For example, cement dust is great.
To increase yields, fertilizing with slurry is suitable. Manure is one of the most nutritious fertilizers for remontant raspberries. Thanks to them, you can achieve a good harvest even in cold climates.
Autumn feeding of raspberries
Many people underestimate the importance of autumn feeding. But it is during this period that fruit buds are formed on the bush, which will yield a harvest next year. In this season, fertilizers should be composed of phosphorus and potassium. Sprinkle these ingredients on the soil around the raspberries. From organic fertilizers, loose mixtures of humus or manure are suitable.
Attention! Nitrogen fertilization is not advised at this time of the year.
Fertilizer, which will contain potassium, will help prepare the plant for winter. It is able to increase the resistance of bushes to frost. You can use ready-made mineral fertilizers containing at least 30% potassium. They are brought under the root of the plant. For one bush, you will need about 35-40 grams of fertilizer. It is necessary to carry out the autumn feeding of raspberries only after the pruning of the bushes is done.
The reparability of raspberries implies that such a plant has a long fruiting period, sometimes more than 2 times per season. These bushes need more different fertilizers than common raspberries. Only with proper care can you get a bountiful harvest. Starting to grow raspberries, you need to be prepared for the fact that you will have to take care of it for the entire calendar year. Groundbait should be regular and nutritious. Moreover, remontant raspberries respond well to both organic and mineral fertilizers. Of course, in no case should you carry out all the feeding options proposed in the article. Too much fertilizer can kill plants. But with proper care, you will be able to grow excellent bushes on which the berries will ripen until late autumn.