A significant number of apple varieties can sometimes confuse an inexperienced gardener. The selection of apple varieties according to the description and photographs does not always give the desired result. In order not to make a mistake in the choice, you should have an idea not only about the appearance of the tree, but also about the rules for cultivating an apple tree depending on the region.
Apple tree "Cherry" belongs to the category of winter varieties. They are characterized by the presence of large and one-dimensional fruits with attractive external indicators. This variety with excellent taste was obtained as a result of work carried out by VNIIS them. Michurina. The cultivation of the Cherry apple variety was the result of crossing the Saffron Pepin and Antonovka vulgaris varieties.
Breeders managed to get a variety that has high productivity, large and beautifully colored fruits. The fruits of the Cherry apple tree are characterized by their regular shape and dessert taste. The variety is designed for winter periods of use and zoned for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region. The disadvantage is the impossibility of storing the crop further than until mid-February, as well as the presence of very average indicators of winter hardiness of the vegetative part.
Apple trees of the "Cherry" variety belong to the category of trees with average growth rates and a rounded or flat rounded, fairly dense crown.
Branches of the crown extend from the stem at an angle close to straight. The shoots are as compact as possible. The predominant place for the formation of fruits is the spear, as well as a significant number of short and long fruit twigs. The tree bark on the standard part and main shoots has a reddish or cherry color.
The shoot part is straight, not thick, with somewhat shortened internodes. There is a significant amount of fairly small lentils. The foliage of apple trees of this variety is characterized by medium size and ovoid shape. The leaf plates are smooth, of medium pubescence. The edges are finely serrated.
Petioles differ in average length and depart from shoots at an acute angle. The main staining of the petioles falls on the base. Stipules insignificant in size or completely absent. Flower buds are medium in size. The flowers are formed small, white or cream staining, with a bright pronounced aroma. The petal part is ovoid. Mass flowering occurs in the second decade of May.
The fruits of apple varieties "Cherry" are characterized by the correct form, expressed by one-dimensionality. As a rule, apples are rounded or rounded conical, have an average weight of just over 100 grams. The peel on the fruit is quite tender and has a waxy coating. Staining at the stage of removable maturity is green with a slight yellow tint. The integumentary part has a bright pink blush. The intensity of the blush can increase with a large number of warm and sunny days at the stage of fruit ripening. Subcutaneous points pronounced, numerous and relatively large in size.
The peduncles are short and thickened. Seed material is characterized by medium size, dark brown or dark cherry staining. The size of the seed is more than average.
How to prune an apple tree in spring
The pulp of the formed and ripened fruits of the Cherry apple tree is white. It is quite tender and has a well-perceptible fine grain, juiciness, sweet and sour taste, as well as a mild aroma. Taste indicators are very decent. The sugar content in the pulp of the fruit is 10.3%, the content of titratable acids is 0.5%.
Planting and Care Rules
Apple trees of the "Cherry" variety grow well and bear fruit in the climatic conditions of the Central Federal District. Autumn is preferable for planting. You should choose a site with a low occurrence of groundwater, without pronounced flooding and bogging. The standard diameter of the planting pit depends on the quality and age of the planting material. When planting, attention should be paid to the location of the root neck of the plant, the deepening of which has a negative effect on the growth and development of the plant. The root system of the seedling should be neatly distributed over the planting pit. You can not tamp the soil layer, which is filled with the root system. For young seedlings, it is recommended that the trunk be attached to a special peg.
Care for apple varieties "Cherry" is standard and consists of timely irrigation, loosening of soil around orchards, weeding and top dressing. If necessary, preventive measures are taken to protect trees from pests and diseases, as well as sanitary pruning. Insufficiently fertile soil should be enriched with fertilizers. The apple tree needs good lighting, which allows the ripening of fruits to the highest quality.
The plant has an average degree of winter hardiness. In conditions of the average winter period, slight freezing of wood at annual increments can be observed. The resistance of flowers to frost in the spring and to the defeat of fungal diseases is average.
You can also learn about the features of apple trees of the Airlie Geneva variety by reading the corresponding article on our resource.
Harvesting and storage
When planting and cultivating an apple tree in recommended climatic conditions, September is considered the standard harvesting period for ripened fruits. The fruits have quite high commercial and consumer qualities. The period of consumer use of apples begins two weeks after picking and lasts until mid-February. The transportability indicators of apples of the Cherry variety are quite high. Fruits can be used not only in fresh form, but also for canning.