Many varieties of such apple trees as Ranetka grow in almost all gardeners. The cultivation of ranetki is not difficult. This species is half wild and has fruits weighing from eight to fifteen grams. The low weight of fruits does not adversely affect the palatability and use of apples.
Apple trees of the Ranetka type are the result of crossing the Siberian apple tree with large-fruited varieties, as well as re-crossing with European varieties. The resulting trees have high winter hardiness and abundant productivity, and are also distinguished by their resistance to early spring burns from sunlight.
Many apple trees of this kind are characterized by the predominance of the characteristics of the Sibirka variety and are often used in the process of breeding new apple varieties. The most common ranetki in the gardens of the Siberian region. These trees adapt perfectly to difficult climatic conditions, and some varieties were bred specifically for cultivation in the Urals, in the Altai Territory and in the Far East.
Description of varieties
Currently, several varieties of this type of apple tree are immediately particularly popular with amateur gardeners.
Ranetki variety "Dobrynya"
Trees are characterized by strong growth and winter hardiness. Apple trees are resistant to scab and have medium resistance to drought. The stage of fruiting begins in four years, the yield of the apple tree is very rich. However, every three years there is a decrease in fruiting abundance. The average yield per apple tree varies from 30 to 50 kg.
The fruits have a mass of twelve to fourteen grams and are characterized by one-dimensionality, flat shape, ribbing, dark purple color with a slight bloom. The flesh has a greenish tint, the presence of red veins is possible. The fruits are dense and juicy. They have a bright sweet and sour taste and slight astringency.
The ripening phase of the crop falls on the first decade of September. Subject to the conditions of storage of fruits can be carried out until February. Most often, apples of this variety are used to make high-quality juices.
Ranetki varieties "Long"
The apple tree of this variety is medium-sized, has average winter hardiness and productivity. It enters the fruiting phase in four or five years. Average yields are about twenty-five kilograms per plant. The variety is resistant to scab.
Sufficiently large fruits can reach a mass of thirteen grams. Apples have an oval shape, bright purple color with the presence of slight plaque. White flesh with numerous red streaks is characteristic. The fruits are very juicy, fragrant, have a sweet-sour taste.
Ripening occurs in early September. Indices of keeping quality are average. Apples can remain fresh for a month and a half. The fruits are consumed fresh, and are also good at making compotes and juice.
Ranetki varieties "Ranetka Purple"
The apple tree is medium-sized, winter-hardy, early and quite plentiful, but periodically fruiting. Fruiting occurs in the second or third year. Average yields reach one hundred kilograms per apple tree. To defeat the scab variety is quite resistant.
The fruits have a bulbous shape, one-color purple color. The average weight of one apple does not exceed nine grams. The pulp is moderately dense, cream-colored, juicy. Sour taste with a hint of astringency. Apples of this variety are used as raw materials for juices and mashed potatoes. The fruits ripen in early September. The average shelf life does not exceed two months.
Ranetki grade "Ranetka Red
An apple tree of this variety was bred in Blagoveshchensk. The creator of the variety is I. A. Ef-remov. The indicators of winter hardiness and durability of the apple tree are quite average. Fruiting occurs in the second year after planting. Annual yields can reach about one hundred and eighty centners per hectare of garden plantings.
The weight of each apple does not exceed ten grams. The fruits have a spherical shape with a noticeable ribbing, a bright red skin and a juicy, sweetish-acid flesh. The main ripening period falls on the last days of August. Fruits are most often used for processing.
Apple trees "Ranetka": the best varieties
Ranetki of grade "Ranetka Raspberry
Very hardy variety. Fruiting occurs two years after planting in a permanent place. Crops are stable, annual. The apple tree forms fairly small fruits, the weight of which does not exceed six grams. Apples at the ripening stage have a round-conical shape, dark raspberry skin with a noticeable bluish coating.
Dense fruit pulp is characterized by juiciness, pinkish color and sweetish-sour taste. Mass ripening of fruits occurs in the first half of September. Apples are characterized by good keeping quality and are well preserved for six months. The fruits are used mainly for processing.
Ranetki varieties "Ranetka Amber
To many gardeners, apples of this variety are better known under the name "Amber Altai". The variety has excellent winter hardiness and durability. The trees are very tall, and fruiting begins in the fourth year of cultivation. Productivity is high and stable.
Apples are small, weighing no more than ten grams. The shape of the fruit is spherical, the ribs are clearly distinguishable, the skin is light yellow. The pulp is yellow, dense, juicy. The taste is sour, with tangible astringency.
The crown of the tree is wide, very dense and pyramidal. The variety is susceptible to severe lesions by scab and moniliosis, as well as attacks of apple moths. Harvest ripens after the first decade of September. The fruits are used for processing.
The nutritional value
Fruits of various varieties can be consumed both fresh and for processing. Many gardeners know that some types of ranets are successfully used to create stocks.
The results of biochemical studies of fruits confirmed that apples of this species contain almost ten times more biological active substances:
- soluble solids content can reach up to twenty five percent;
- as part of a significant amount of sugars represented by fructose and glucose, the amount of which reaches twelve percent;
- the content of pectin substances is at least one and a half percent.
It should be remembered that the merit of pectins is the removal from the human body of salts of heavy metals, as well as radionuclides. Pectins are an excellent natural hemostatic agent that helps to cure stomach ulcers, and also have pronounced antimicrobial properties.
Planting and Care Rules
Ranetki absolutely not demanding in growing. These trees can be successfully cultivated even in very difficult climatic conditions. Planting apple seedlings is carried out according to the standard scheme. The parameters of the planting hole should fully correspond to the size of the root system of the seedling.
For already aging fruit trees, it is very important to perform anti-aging pruning once every three years. In winter, apple trees of this variety require warming with spruce branches and burlap. A good result is the mulching of the tree trunk circle. We should not forget about the implementation of preventive measures against diseases and pests.
We also offer you to read an article about apple trees of the "Renet Semerenko" variety.
How to prune an apple tree
Ranetki bear fruit at different times, it depends on the variety, as well as climatic conditions in the cultivation area. Some varieties of ranetki have excellent indicators of keeping quality and transportability. The right choice of variety guarantees the ability to enjoy fresh and juicy fruits for six months or more. The main thing is to follow the rules of transportation and storage, which practically do not differ from similar requirements for other varieties of apples.