For floriculturists growing clematis, preparing for winter is important. Properly executed shelter in the fall will allow you to save the plants during wintering in open ground. Under proper conditions, clematis winters comfortably and blooms profusely the following year.
Clematis belong to the group of thermophilic vines, which every year in the fall is very important to protect from freezing in cold weather. In order to properly carry out the shelter and maintain the plant's health, it is necessary to carry out several activities in the autumn to take care of garden clematis.
- The first step is to properly irrigate. In accordance with what kind of soil is used when planting and growing a plant, it is necessary to perform quite abundant watering.
- The next part of the activities is aimed at preventing fungal diseases. When the plant is preparing for wintering, it is necessary to thoroughly process the soil near the clematis bushes using preparations that contain copper. It is very important to use a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate each time during planting and before shelter. Good results are shown by treatment with 0.2% baseazole, 1% vitriol. The same procedure should be carried out after removing the shelter in the spring, which will stimulate the active growth of plants.
- Depending on which group clematis belongs to, it may be necessary full pruning or accurate shortening of the shoots of the plant from above by five buds.
Experienced flower growers begin to conduct annual events to prepare garden clematis for the winter in late August, which allows you to do everything efficiently and without haste. You can cover the plants in October.
How and when to cover clematis for the winter
The implementation of shelter garden clematis begin in late October or early November. A significant part of the plants is not afraid of the first autumn frosts.
First you need to take care of pruning shoots, the intensity of which depends on the group affiliation of the plant. Foliage and injured as well as dried shoots are subject to removal. It should be remembered that the leaves on clematis do not fall off on their own, and if you do not remove the foliage every year in the autumn, then in spring the plant will look very messy.
Next, you need to cover the plant in accordance with the following technology:
- Pruning clematis flowering on the shoots of last year is not performed, and planting shelter should be done depending on the level of winter hardiness of plants. Typically, these clematis include species plants, as well as the varieties most popular among gardeners "Pink Flamingo", "Frances Rivis" and "Markcham Pink"which are sufficiently resistant to cold and winter well on their supports. The lower part of the bush should be earthed up to forty centimeters in height, which will allow root and root parts to be preserved in the case of freezing lashes.
- Clematis, which bloom on the shoots of last and current year, take refuge in the winter in a slightly different way. The most popular varieties "Andromeda", "Multi-Blue", "Veronica Choice" and "Lord Nevill." Scourges on such plants are also subject to conservation. After trimming the lashes and leaves, the shoots must be untangled and carefully removed from the supports. Then, the cultivation of the base of the bushes with dry soil to a height of about forty centimeters is performed. The scourges should be carefully twisted into a ring, laid on the soil and covered with dried leaves. Next, shelter from a double layer of lutrasil is performed.
- Clematis of the most popular category in our country are characterized by flowering on the shoots of the current year, their lashes are subject to pruning. Abundant flowering and unpretentious care characteristic for varieties "Purpurea Plena Elegans", "Venosa Violacea", "Blue Angel", "Blue River", "Teksa" and "Polish Spirit". Such plants after pruning should be spud and not covered.
Clematis preparation for winter
Do I need to trim clematis
Pruning is an important part of clematis care. A step-by-step instruction that allows you to correctly perform clematis pruning is completely uncomplicated.
In the autumn period, the plants of the first year of life are trimmed so that the height of the shoots does not exceed thirty centimeters. Proper pruning allows you to develop a full-fledged root system, which is the key to the abundant flowering of clematis in the future.
Cropping is divided into several categories:
- winter, or seasonal, helping plants survive the cold and frost;
- formative, which contributes to the proper development, as well as good growth of clematis;
- sanitary, carried out to remove diseased or too old shoots of the plant.
Clematis is divided into three groups, each of which has its own nuances when pruning.
- The first category of clematis requires minimal formation. Shoots that are not ripe during the summer should be removed, and the rest should be cut to a height of one or a half meters.
- The second category of clematis requires weak pruning. In the first year, plants are pruned at thirty centimeters. Starting next year, trimming is carried out strictly according to technology. Once every five years, intensive pruning is practiced for the winter period.
- Clematis of the third category require strong pruning once a year, in the fall. Trimming heights can vary from twenty to fifty centimeters. The main condition is the preservation of two or three pairs of buds on the shoot.
How to harbor a young clematis
Young plants require special attention and care in the autumn. Such garden clematis are more susceptible to the effects of cold weather and can easily freeze shoots even at low subzero temperatures in light snowy winters.
When performing the shelter of young shoots, it is necessary to rely on the recommendations of experienced gardeners.
- Clematis shelter for the winter can be carried out by different methods. Young plants that were heavily pruned should be covered with dry soil, and then covered with mulch from leaves or spruce branches, completing the coating with a layer of a film that protects from moisture.
- Young clematis can be covered with inverted flower pots, on top of which a layer of dry spruce spruce branches, sawdust or wood shavings is covered.
- Before sheltering the planting of young clematis for the winter, it is necessary to treat the plant and soil at its base with foundationazole, as well as to pollinate with wood ash. It is important to huddle the plant using weathered peat, compost or humus. Such care will protect the landing from frost.
We also offer you to read an article about growing clematis from seeds.
Tips & Tricks
After the final autumn pruning, regardless of its height, any varieties and types of clematis need shelters. To create them, almost any natural and artificial materials can be used, including spruce paws, dry fallen leaves, sawdust and weathered peat. Some gardeners use rotted manure and light lumber for this purpose.
The main condition is not too tight wrapping up the plant, since the lack of air can provoke clematis to wither. A layer of soil should be covered with a layer of improvised insulation, and during snowfall it is necessary to provide a sufficient layer of snow for wintering plants.
With the correct implementation of measures to prepare flowers for the cold season, clematis perfectly withstand any, even the most unpredictable, vagaries of nature.