Features of growing clematis from seeds

Clematis, from Latin Clématis, belong to plants from the family Ranunculaceae. These perennials of grassy or ligneous type grow on the territory of subtropical and temperate climatic zones.

Clematis are widespread in decorative floriculture, as well as in the landscaping of balconies and arbors. Of the more than two hundred plant species that are part of the genus Clematis, more than one hundred grow in China.

General information

A significant part of the clematis of the small-flowered type can be propagated by seeds. Seed material is quite easy to find in flower shops, garden centers, as well as to collect independently from your own copies of the plant. Clematis from seeds grows quite well, and many forms of this plant bear fruit quite successfully in the midland of our country.

Growing clematis seeds helps to immediately obtain a significant amount of planting material, which can be the basis for growing ornamental crops. Besides, planting material is often used as winter-resistant stocks for the purpose of grafting the most valuable and heat-loving plants.

Seed requirements

Introduced clematis species are characterized by sufficiently amicable ripening of seeds, subject to optimal meteorological indicators. Depending on weather conditions, the ripening time of the seed material can be significantly shifted.

Different types of clematis can vary significantly in seed size. The timing of germination of seed material also varies. You can conditionally divide the seeds into three main subgroups.

  1. Large seeds, the sizes of which vary from 0.5 × 0.6 cm to 1 × 1 cm. Such seeds have a very long germination period. Some varieties after sowing germinate for twelve months. It is advisable to propagate such varieties of clematis by cuttings. The following varieties can be planted with cuttings: clematis Ampanifloraclematis Macropetala, clematis Rectaclematis Viticella clematis Flammula, clematis Alpina and clematis Sibirica. Seeds are characterized by the preservation of germination for four years, and the care of the plant is standard.
  2. Medium seeds, the sizes of which vary from 0.3 × 0.5 cm to 0.5 × 0.6 cm. Such seeds are characterized by friendly germination a month and a half after sowing. Some varieties can germinate up to six months. Seeds of this type require stratification. After stratification, you can plant clematis seeds Manschurica, clematis Integrifolia and clematis Vitalba, which are characterized by the conservation of germination to three years. Very popular in our country is the clematis Vitalba, or "White Cloud". Care for the plant is standard.
  3. Small seeds, the sizes of which vary from 0.1 × 0.3 cm to 0.3 × 0.5 cm. Seedlings appear three weeks after sowing, but the process can take up to four months. These varieties include clematis Beracleifoliaclematis Fargesii and clematis Tangutica. Sowing qualities of seeds are preserved for two years. Care for the plant is standard.

How to plant clematis

Advantages and disadvantages

Usually, flower clematis from seeds at home is rarely grown, due to the high labor costs of this method of breeding. To get an adult plant from a seed, you will have to make a lot of effort. In addition, the use of even very high-quality seed material cannot guarantee the production of clematis with the characteristics and properties of the parent plant.

When deciding to sow seeds at home, seed should be preferred from trusted suppliers. The seeds of clematis purchased in flower shops and garden centers are already completely ready for sowing and do not require additional preparation.

If the seed material is collected independently from plants grown at home, then the largest seeds should be selected, which will show high germination.

Planting and Care Rules

You can plant clematis seeds in pots or directly in open ground. The appearance of sprouts depends on the temperature and humidity of the environment.

Open sowing conditions

There is no particular difference when sowing seeds in the open ground of flower beds. Sowing can be performed not only in spring but also in autumn. The seed material must be sprinkled with a thin layer of sand.

Spring sowing clematis requires some preparatory measures. It is necessary to maintain the seed material for three months in a cool room at a temperature of 0 to +5 degrees. Such hardening will not only accelerate the germination of seeds, but also significantly increase their germination.

The optimal temperature regime for the germination of clematis when grown by seeds is about 25 degrees heat.

Sowing conditions in pots

If you decide to sow in special pots or planting boxes, then the soil composition should be supplemented with sand. On the soil poured into the container, seeds are laid and sprinkled with sand. The temperature in the room should be about 25 degrees heat. We should not forget about regular watering and maintenance measures.

After the formation of the first leaves, clematis should be dived. Further care consists of pinching the shoots of a grown plant. The standard distance between clematis should be at least twenty centimeters.

Proper care allows you to get a decorative shrub with strong roots and a beautiful crown after some time. The shoots of the plant before shelter for the winter should be cut, leaving three knots. It should be remembered that some types of clematis are not pruned.

Growing from layering

Reproduction of clematis using layering is not difficult, but time-consuming. There are several ways to propagate this plant. In order to obtain a layering, a bush of a plant can be covered with humus to the third pair of leaves. Two years later, a very high-quality and powerful system of subordinate roots is formed on the earthed sections of the layering. Such shoots should be separated from the parent plant, and then planted in a permanent place, after trimming the top to two nodes.

The most attractive in terms of productivity is the option of breeding clematis using horizontal layering. A certain disadvantage of this method can be considered the need to have free space. The method is based on laying shoots in a pre-prepared groove and backfilling them with soil. Work must be completed in late August or early September. The apical part of the shoots should be brought out.

In the spring next year, sleeping buds grow shoots that require hilling at least twice during the summer. After a year, the plants can be dug up and divided into several seedlings. The method is very convenient and does not injure the parent plant.

We also offer you to read an article in which we talk about the best varieties for growing in Russia.

Growing from the cuttings

“Green” or already lignified cuttings can propagate plants older than three years. It is advisable to carry out cuttings in late spring or in the first decade of summer, when clematis is in the active phase of growth and formation of buds. Trimming shoots is done completely. In order not to weaken the parent plant, you can not cut more than a third of all shoots.

Cuttings should be cut from shoots with no buds. Each handle should have at least one knot, the lower cut is made at an angle of 45 degrees, the upper one - at an angle of 90 degrees.

Rooting is carried out in greenhouses or containers with a peat-sand substrate. Conducting processing of cuttings with special growth regulators increases the amount of conditioned seedlings. Successful rooting requires a relative humidity of 90 percent. Cuttings can be equipped with "domes" based on translucent materials, not forgetting to conduct aeration of the greenhouse and spraying plants from the spray with water at room temperature.

Clematis: reproduction and care

It should be remembered that there are other ways of breeding clematis, including an interesting and effective method, which is called "Vaccination" and requires the gardener to have certain skills.

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