Pepper, both sweet and hot, is a real storehouse of vitamins and nutrients. This vegetable is revered in many countries of the world, and more and more vegetable growers are engaged in its cultivation every year.
Best culture grows in a greenhouse. A heat-loving plant does not tolerate drafts and low temperatures, which is why it is necessary to grow this vegetable indoors. It is in the greenhouse that sweet and bitter peppers feel comfortable, grow well, bloom well, form a quality ovary and bear fruit abundantly.
It is not difficult to grow pepper, but poorly prepared soil or a disturbance in agricultural technology can cause problems at any phase of the plant’s vegetation, and then it dries, and leaves and flowers fall off. That's why It is very important to timely carry out all the measures required by the technology of growing.
Experienced vegetable growers and summer residents, who are just beginning to master the cultivation of plants in a greenhouse and open ground, face problems when growing pepper. One of the most common problems is falling buds. As a rule, this occurs as a result of disturbances in agricultural technology.
Low light in the greenhouse
Peppers are very demanding on the length of daylight hours. For development, the plant needs about twelve hours of lighting, which stimulates the formation of peduncles and the formation of ovaries. However, the climatic conditions of Russia do not allow pepper to have such a long daylight, as a result of which plantings must be illuminated with special lamps.
Pepper sprouting occurs at a temperature of at least twenty degrees. An increase in temperature does not have a significant effect on germination, but can cause seedlings to stretch. Smaller rates delay seed germination. In the future, throughout the entire growing season, it is required to maintain a temperature of at least twenty-two degrees. In the greenhouse, this condition is much easier to provide than in the open ground.
Peduncles of pepper are very sensitive to a lack of water. The root system of the plant is superficial, and any irregularities with irrigation adversely affect flowering. This parameter should be especially carefully monitored during the flowering phase of plants in the greenhouse.
Soil when growing crops in the greenhouse and in the open air is of great importance. The nutrition of the plant, as well as the flowering and formation of ovaries, depend on the quality of the soil. The optimal composition of the soil is enriched with vermicompost, structured soil.
It is important to monitor the content of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers in the soil and, if necessary, carry out additional fertilizing when the plants are blooming.
As a rule, it is enough to correct the above errors in agricultural technology to return the pepper to the phase of active flowering.
How to process peppers from a spider mite
Leaf falling is an equally common problem when growing peppers. Most often, the plant dries and loses its leaves due to severe violations that result from errors in the care of the plant:
- insufficient watering;
- watering with too cold water;
- insufficiently high temperature in the greenhouse;
- improper soil composition or its depletion;
- damage to plants by pests or diseases that destroy the leaves.
Also, leaves may fall off for natural reasons when a plant ages.
Pepper is very responsive to good care. Measures to eliminate the problem of leaf fall completely depend on the causes that caused it. It is necessary to adjust the irrigation system, raise the temperature in the greenhouse, feed the plants or treat the leaves with preparations against pests or diseases.
Pepper does not bloom or dries
It is especially unpleasant when, with external health and a quality green mass, the plant does not bloom or begins to suddenly dry out. Such manifestations are not uncommon, and the following adverse factors can become their cause:
- a significant increase in temperature in the greenhouse or poor shading of plants on very hot days;
- too low temperature or sharp fluctuations in temperature indicators for several days in a row;
- too active introduction of nitrogen fertilizers into the soil and an imbalance of trace elements in the soil;
- excessive watering of plants;
- lack of lighting and a large number of cloudy days;
- overdried air in the greenhouse and non-compliance with the ventilation mode;
- too cold water used to water heat-loving plants.
Peppers are very sensitive to care errors and may dry out as a result of:
- non-compliance with the temperature regime, optimal at each stage of the growing season;
- irregular irrigation;
- non-compliance with the scheme of fertilizing the soil.
The hardest test for peppers is the defeat of diseases and pests. At the first sign of a disease, the full range of measures that contribute to the destruction of pests and the restoration of plant health should be immediately carried out.
The fruits are not tied
It is infrequent, but there are situations when there is no formation of ovaries during abundant flowering and the crop is at risk. The sooner measures are taken to eliminate the root cause of this phenomenon, the greater are the chances of a favorable outcome and a high-quality harvest of ripened fruits.
To avoid an unpleasant situation with the absence of ovaries, it is worth paying special attention to the following factors:
- elimination of the probability of sudden temperature changes at the flowering stage;
- attracting pollinating insects to greenhouses and greenhouses, for which it is necessary to plant honey plants and conduct active ventilation;
- control plant lighting and eliminate unwanted shading;
- additional plant nutrition with potash fertilizers with the addition of boron;
- elimination of the reasons for the accumulation of condensate in the greenhouse, under the influence of which the pollen in the flowers gets wet;
- Prevention of critically high temperatures causing sterilization of pollen on plants.
As practice shows, good efficiency is observed when processing plants with such means as "Bud" and "Ovary", which perfectly stimulate the formation of ovaries and contribute to a high-quality crop of peppers and other vegetables.
We also suggest that you learn about the causes of yellowing of greenhouse pepper leaves.
Do not blush fruits
If the pepper bears fruit abundantly, but the fruits do not redden, then the vegetable grower should pay attention to the following problems:
- insufficient lighting;
- soil depletion;
- Too low air temperature.
Sometimes peppers do not blush for biological reasons, as well as varietal characteristics. It is not surprising that fruits that belong to the category of exotic varieties do not turn red: their color in the ripening stage can be yellow, white or purple.
Most growers do not attach importance to the color of the fruits on the bushes and harvest in the incomplete ripeness phase, which does not adversely affect the quality of the resulting vegetable products.
Why pepper buds fall off
All problems arising from the cultivation of pepper can be prevented by observing the simple requirements for the cultivation of this vegetable. But if nevertheless unpleasant situations such as falling buds and leaves, as well as the absence of ovaries occur, measures should be taken to restore the plant's health as soon as possible.