In recent years, the popularity of colonized plants suitable for growing in small garden areas has grown in popularity, including apple trees, pears, quinces, cherries, plums, and also columnar cherries, which are in demand among homeowners.
Column-shaped cherry belongs to the category of unpretentious garden plants that are not demanding in care. Such cherries, unlike tall varieties, can very harmoniously complement almost any landscape.
It is characterized by high productivity and sweet and sour, very fragrant, large fruits. The plant is unpretentious and belongs to the category of self-pollinated. The self-fertile columnar cherry of this variety is represented by a compact columnar tree with a height of 1.5 to 2.0 meters with a crown diameter of not more than 0.8 meters.
Fruits are suitable for fresh consumption and for conservation.
A plant of this variety is characterized by early-medium ripening. A tree in height does not exceed 2.5 meters with a crown diameter of not more than one meter. The variety is characterized by consistently high productivity. The berries are large, with a ruby red color and weight from eleven to fourteen grams. The flesh of the berries is dark red in color, with slight pink streaks and very juicy. The plant is resistant to most diseases. The fruiting period begins in the second or third year after planting.
There are also a number of winter-hardy varieties bred by private breeders. However, they are not yet included in the register and not zoned.
Colon-shaped cherries do not require special care measures, but look very attractive and aesthetically pleasing. In addition, the undersized plant is very convenient for most events, including harvesting. The standard height of a columnar cherry can vary from one to two meters.
The disadvantages include insufficiently high productivity from one garden plant, as well as the fragility of ripened fruits.
Gardeners who decide to cultivate a columnar cherry in their area should remember that this plant tolerates frosty winters rather hard and, with the exception of a few frost-resistant varieties, it is not recommended for cultivation in the northern regions of our country, as well as in areas with little snow cover at sharply negative temperatures .
You should also take into account the exactingness of the columnar cherry to the composition of the soil. The soil must be fully provided with minerals, and the site for this type of cherry should be located in the most lighted place. Winter-hardy varieties of columnar cherries should be protected from the negative effects of the north wind. A good option is to plant plants on the gentle southern or southwestern slopes, as well as flat areas located on the south side.
Column-shaped cherries: fruit trees
Landing and care
Despite the unpretentiousness, planting, as well as subsequent care for the columnar cherries, it should be carried out correctly, which will allow you to get a high crop of quality berries.
- Before purchasing seedlings of colony-shaped cherries, you should ensure the integrity of the apical kidney.
- Seedlings need to be planted in areas protected from the cold wind. The place should be located on the south side, well lit and without shading.
- The soil for planting columnar cherries should have friability and fertility. The proximity of groundwater and landings in lowlands are unacceptable.
- The planting hole should have dimensions that correspond to the root system of the seedling.
- The bottom of the hole should be ennobled with a small layer of a mixture of chernozem and humus.
The presence of too acidic soil requires neutralization with wood ash or dolomite flour. It is not recommended to use the mineral type of fertilizers during planting in order to protect the root system of seedlings from burns.
- Immediately after planting, for the first two to three years, the columnar cherry grows rather slowly, and special attention is required to the apical bud, which should be properly and timely prepared for the onset of winter frosts. Freezing the top point will make it impossible to bear fruit further.
- In addition, the necessary care measures for any stone fruits should be carried out, which include periodic loosening of the soil, irrigation and compliance with the scheme for the use of protective and preventive measures against diseases and pests.
Loosening the soil and removing weeds should be carried out starting from spring and throughout the entire period of active vegetation.
Watering and feeding
The plant is characterized by water lovingness, but does not tolerate too much waterlogging of the soil and stagnation of water. On particularly hot days, as well as at the stage of fruit formation, the amount of irrigation should be increased.
The best option is to combine irrigation with fertilizer.
- In the autumn, the soil should be enriched with phosphorus fertilizers in an amount of 150 g and potash fertilizers in a volume of 60 g.
- The nitrogen type of fertilizer in the form of ammonium nitrate or urea should be applied under the plant in early spring.
- At the vegetation stage, it is important to carry out two dressings.
- At the flowering stage and two weeks after this moment, a diluted mullein with a small amount of wood ash should be introduced under the plant. Under each cherry, you should make half a bucket of wall-mounted fertilizer and then immediately irrigate the plant abundantly.
The last irrigation is carried out in the first decade of October, immediately after the fall of all foliage from the plant.
Unlike the classical varieties, the crown-shaped crown grows almost vertically, upward. There are no side branches. Such a crown does not require mechanical shaping in the form of pruning.
Diseases and Pests
Most often, cherry is affected by kleasterosporiosis, characterized by holey leaf spotting, as well as fungal disease coccomycosis and fruit rot or moniliosis.
Among the most common pests of this culture can be attributed to such plant parasites as:
- cherry weevil;
- cherry sawfly;
- leaf aphids;
- hawthorn caterpillar.
If special fungicides are most often used to treat fungal infections, then pest control must be carried out with the following chemicals:
- drug "Pyriton";
- drug "Actelik";
- drug "Rovikurt".
To kill aphids, tobacco infusion with the addition of grated laundry soap is used.
You can learn more about cherry diseases and their treatment options here.
It is recommended in order to prevent the occurrence of rot and other diseases of the colon-shaped cherry during the entire growing season to collect and destroy all affected foliage and fruits. A good result is given by the use for the prevention of spraying with Bordeaux liquid or special fungicides.
Why do not fruit cherries (cherries)
It is very important not to plant juniper in the immediate vicinity of orchards. It is juniper that contributes to the defeat of cherry bushes by a disease such as rust, which is carried by the wind and is capable of destroying young plantings in a short time.
In spite of the fact that at the present time colony-shaped cherries belong to the category of rare plants in summer cottages as well as personal plots in the middle lane of our country, there is a tendency to change this situation. The first bred varieties were oriented to cultivation in warm climatic conditions. However, in recent years, breeders have managed to develop more cold-resistant and promising hybrid plants that can be successfully cultivated in most regions of Russia.