Tulips (from lat. Túlipa) and daffodils (from lat. Narcissus) are perhaps the most popular flowering plants, with the help of which millions of flower growers of our country plant flowerbeds in their home gardens every year.
In recent years, many flower growers have practiced the forcing of bulbs of hyacinths, crocuses, daffodils, tulips, lilies, as well as flower buds of garden lilies of the valley on nutrient solutions. It is these plants that are most common in Central Russia, and their cultivation does not create problems even for novice gardeners and inexperienced florists.
When to plant on the site
Any option for autumn bulbous flowers should be acquired and planted in the fall. The flowering period is next spring. The most unpretentious and beautifully flowering bulbous plants in Russia are represented by tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, imperial hazel grouse, decorative onions, crocuses, small bulb plants, including scyllus and pushnitsa.
However, bulbous hygrophilous lilies, well known to everyone, belong to off-season lilies, and they can be planted in flower beds and flower beds not only in spring but also in autumn. When planting in the spring, off-season species of bulb plants begin to bloom in the same year, and when using planting material in the fall, the flowering period falls on the following year.
In the last decade of August, the optimum time for planting small-bulbous plants represented by Scylla, Pushkinia, chionodoxes and crocuses comes on the flower beds.
Depending on what temperature indicators are typical for the region in mid-September, you should choose the time for planting tulip bulbs. Hyacinths can be planted at the end of October, when temperatures are set at + 8 ° C.
Selection and processing of planting material
When choosing and purchasing planting material of flowers such as tulips, crocuses, hyacinths and other plants, you should definitely pay attention to the size of the bulb. Only well-shaped bulbs bloom beautifully and plentifully.
During the external inspection of planting material, attention should be paid to the density of the bulbs, they should not have rotten places and mold. It is important to examine the bottom of the bulbs of hyacinths, crocuses and other bulbs. It should not be loose or wet.
Hyacinths should pay attention to the color of the cover flakes of the bulbs, which will be similar to the color of the inflorescences. In addition, it is important to remember that low-growing varieties and species flowers have smaller planting material. Wide-conical bulbs are characteristic of pink, violet and blue hyacinth varieties, while yellow and orange varieties have narrow-conical bulbs.
Bulb autumn planting
Florists need to remember the following nuances:
- tulips, daffodils, snowdrops and hyacinths form bulbs coated with a thin shell;
- hazel grouse and lilies do not have bulb protection;
- crocuses and gladioli are characterized by the formation of corms covered with scales.
You can not purchase planting material of lilies and crocuses immediately after distillation. Failure to comply with this rule is fraught with depletion of nutrients. Such plants will not give flowers for a long time. High-quality and beautiful flowering can be obtained only from healthy and strong planting material of crocuses and other bulbs.
Bulbs packaged in packages should be emptied of packages and rejected severely damaged or diseased. Planted bulbs on a flower bed should be cleaned and treated for infections. After removing the integument flakes from an apparently healthy planting material, Fusarium can sometimes be detected. These mold-like stains require stripping and removal with powdered fungicides.
How to plant beautifully on the flowerbed: the rules of landscape design
Recently, flower beds similar to alpine hills, as well as planting plants in a chaotic manner, have become popular. Regardless of which way of planting the bulbs is chosen, and what shape the flower garden is used, Care should be taken to comply with the following landing rules:
- only large and only healthy plant bulbs can be planted and transplanted;
- it is impossible to acquire and all the more to plant or transplant shriveled and weak planting material, which will not give a strong plant and beautiful flowers;
- plants should be planted to a depth that depends on the size and height of the bulb, as well as on the type of soil in the flower garden;
- the depth should be twice the diameter of the bulbs or triple the height of the bulb;
- to plant and transplant daffodils, tulips or hyacinths should be at a depth of 10-15 cm;
- plant smaller varieties such as snowdrops or crocuses, should be at a depth of 3-5 cm.
It is extremely important to properly plant and transplant out-of-season bulbs. The depth of their landing should be five indicators for the height of the planting material. In addition, in the presence of heavy soils, the placement is made less deep. The standard distance between the planted bulbs should be twice their diameter. The volume of planting material per square meter is calculated depending on the purpose of planting. Chaotic planting of different types and varieties looks more natural and beautiful.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about how to grow colorful onion flowers in your flowerbed.
What flowers are next to plant tulips
There are several rules that experienced flower growers actively use in order not only to qualitatively design flower beds and flower beds, but also to make decoration more spectacular:
- It is best to plant any types and varieties of tulips in special baskets. In this method, after flowering, the planting baskets are transferred to a dry place where the leaves of the plants completely wilt and the bulbs fully ripen.
- A good option for compatibility is planting between flowering plants tulips, which are classified as drought tolerant.
- Planting tulips along with perennials can effectively decorate any version of a flower bed or flower bed, regardless of shape and size.
- An excellent complement is the viola, which is able to create a perfect low beauty for tall tulips. The maximum decorative effect is achieved by tightly planting the viola in the flower beds.
- Recently, the most popular have won monochrome flower beds, which are planted tulips of the same color, but of different varieties and species.
How to plant tulips
Tulips and daffodils (20 photos)
It is extremely important in the absence of perennials in the flower beds to plan the space correctly, which should not be empty throughout the summer period. As a rule, gardeners recommend placing groundcover flowers on the flower beds after tulips. The most popular plantings are plants such as Aubriet, awl-shaped phlox and arabis, whose foliage is not able to obscure tulips. This contributes to the full and quality maturation of the bulbs.