The beauty and unpretentiousness of such a flowering plant as a tulip is well known. These bulbs delight florists in the earliest spring time. However, growing tulips in Siberia is quite difficult. This is due not only to freezing the soil 1 m or deeper, but also to such a fairly frequent occurrence as severe return frosts.
When and how to plant
When autumn comes, flower growers of Siberia prepare to plant tulips. Under the flower garden, you should choose the most lighted area, which should be well sheltered from the winds. However, stagnation of air should be avoided, as it can provoke the occurrence of fungal diseases on plants.
The fertile soil layer should not be less than 40 cm. Before planting tulips, it is important to carefully dig the soil and add humus, as well as mineral fertilizers and wood ash. The process of planting tulips in Siberia in autumn is based on the preparation of planting holes, the depth of which should not be less than 15 cm. A shallower planting can provoke freezing of planting material. However, significant deepening is also not desirable. It will not allow plants to break through the thickness of the earth.
The standard distance between all landing holes of 10 cm must be maintained. When using small planting material, it is allowed to reduce the distance between plants. The peculiarity of planting in Siberia suggests such a placement of bulbs in which one large bulb should be planted and duplicated by smaller ones.
A good option is to plant tulips by varietal affiliation. In addition, it is important to follow the agrotechnics of growing tulips as closely as possible and to strictly observe the timing of planting plants in the soil of flower beds in autumn. When there is a need to protect the bulbs from rodents, an effective way is to use poisoned baits after snow. These baits are buried as far as possible in order to protect pets from possible eating and poisoning.
Experience and practice show that almost any varieties of tulips grow and bloom very successfully on the territory of this region. However, experienced growers recommend planting:
- terry varieties of early tulips: Bonanza, Carlton and Dante
- simple varieties of early tulips: Diamond Star, Christmass Marvel, Diana and "General de Vet";
- Triumph tulip varieties: Bandung and "Topscor";
- Darwin hybrids: Dardanelles, Diplomat, Parade and Dover
- grade "Black Boy Rembrandt Tulip.
In addition, the earliest varieties show a good result, of which it is recommended to plant Ibis mont trezor and "Cooler Cardinal." Also included in the category of early growing tulips, which are planted in the fall, are varieties Murillo, Extra and Double. Autumn planting of the well-known yellow tulip is very popular among Siberian florists "Monte Carlo". Autumn planting of these flowering bulbous plants has proven itself positively.
Distillation for the New Year involves the use of such varieties as:
- Diamond Star;
- Dixis Fairytore;
- Christmass Marvel;
- Miles Bridge;
- Lustigue of the Battle;
- Apricot Beauty.
How to plant tulips
For distillation in April, you need to plant:
- Hell Rem;
- Apeldoorn Elite;
- Burgundy Lays;
- Gordon Cooper;
- Kees Nelis.
When you need to drive out flowers for the May holidays, planting varieties is performed:
Of course, other varieties of tulips can also be planted for distillation, however, planting these bulbs has shown better results.
Regardless of which variety will need to be planted in autumn, it is extremely important to comply with the planting dates, as well as prepare the soil and planting material for planting according to the technology of growing bulbous flowering plants.
Bulb and soil preparation
The main condition for obtaining high-quality tulip blooming in the spring is the use of planting soil, which has good physical properties. It is extremely important to plant the bulbs in the soil, which has sufficient moisture capacity, and is also characterized by friability and air capacity. When there is no soil on the site with these properties, you can correct the situation by applying fertilizers, as well as using fertilizing.
Best of all, if the autumn planting is carried out in a highly cultivated, humus-rich sandy loam and loam with a neutral type of reaction. To bring to an optimal state imperfect soil, you should use special techniques. A definite shortage of sandy soil for planting and growing bulbous flowering plants such as tulips is their quick drying and nutrient poverty. Performing more frequent watering of plants, as well as regular fertilizer application, makes it possible to level these defects.
The heavy version of clay soils needs to use more radical improvements through the introduction of large fractions of river sand, peat, as well as high-quality manure or other organics. This will significantly increase water permeability and improve air access to the root system.
When peat is used for improvement, its acidity should be neutralized by liming the soil or adding chalk. The optimal indicator for planting and growing tulips is acidity from pH = 6.5 to pH = 7.8. During the growing season, the use of heavy soil requires more frequent loosening.
Shelter of tulips for the winter should be carried out only when the planting is too late in the northern regions. For bulbs of Dutch tulips, which originally grew under other climatic factors, it is advisable to cover fallen leaves, peat, high-quality humus or sawdust. It is allowed to use straw as a material for shelter. It will protect plants in too cold or snowless winters. In addition, this coating saves landings during sudden thaws, which in recent years are not uncommon even in Siberia.
It is not worth rushing to complete the shelter. As a rule, you need to cover the plant when a stable minus temperature is established, and the depth of soil freezing of flower beds will be 5 cm.
In addition, it is important to protect the planting of bulbous flowering plants from the attacks of rodents, which actively use planting material of such flowers for winter nutrition. For this purpose, you can use not only purchased highly toxic chemicals, but also time-tested folk methods.
We also recommend that you read the article about the features of choosing varieties and planting tulips.
Planting tulips in autumn
After covering in the autumn period in order to protect the planting of tulips from freezing, it is important to remove the covering layer from the bulbs on time in the spring. In conditions of abnormal, snowy winters, the soil undergoes severe freezing. This provokes the deformation of tulips. However, the delayed elimination of shelter can cause the growth of newly emerged sprouts, and can also significantly delay the growth rate of the plant in the spring.