The method of growing indoor orchids from seeds is one of the most fascinating, but, unfortunately, in standard home conditions it sometimes seems absolutely impossible. It is very simple to work with flower seedlings, but it is quite difficult even for experienced gardeners to grow it from seeds.
Before planting an orchid from Vietnam or growing it from seeds, you should familiarize yourself with the basic requirements for seed material.
Orchid seeds are fifteen thousand times smaller than wheat and are difficult to see even in photographs. Few decide to grow these flowers from seed. This work is characterized by incredible complexity, and that is why planting orchids in other ways is more in demand among flower growers. In addition, it should be remembered that plant seeds are very vulnerable to various pathogenic microorganisms.
Growing orchids from seed material requires the acquisition of seeds that meet certain requirements, as well as the proper organization of work with them.
- The optimal seed environment consists of distilled water, granulated sugar, honey, starch, banana puree, room orchid fertilizer and powdered activated carbon.
- You can use special containers for droppers, which are tightly closed with a rubber lid.
- A funnel with a long nose can be used to fill the container with nutrient composition, which will prevent the composition from entering the container walls.
- The composition should have a pH level in the range from 4.8 to 5.2. To increase the values, it is recommended to use a soda solution, and to lower it, you can use lemon juice.
- The finished mixture must be constantly mixed, heated to a sour cream and poured hot in containers.
- After the container is filled with the mixture for one fourth of the volume, you can close it with a cork and insulate it with tape.
- The medium is sterilized in containers in a water bath for thirty minutes.
You can sow seed material disinfected in an antiseptic solution. A solution of hydrogen peroxide along with the seeds should be collected in a sterile syringe and introduced through the rubber cap into the planting container. By rotating the container, the seeds should be evenly distributed throughout the culture medium. The puncture site needs to be disinfected and sealed with tape.
When planted correctly, an orchid grown from seeds will produce the first sprout after a few months.
Advantages and disadvantages of growing from seeds
As a rule, gardeners apply three methods of growing indoor orchids from seed material:
- Using pine bark. The conditions for such cultivation are quite complex, and the main disadvantage is the unlikely to obtain a healthy plant.
- Using a sterile medium, created independently or in the laboratory. The process of self-creation of a nutrient medium is quite laborious and requires compliance with sterility conditions. However, there is always the opportunity to purchase a ready-made environment.
- Using special mushrooms, which is also possible to purchase, although quite difficult.
Of course, if the sowing of the seed material is carried out correctly and the necessary conditions for growing are created, it is quite possible to get a room orchid from the seeds, and the process itself is very interesting. However, it should be remembered that this is a very laborious work, and the guarantee of obtaining a healthy and flowering plant after a few months is far from one hundred percent. If there is no opportunity to carry out the correct sowing and proper care, then other, less complicated methods should be used.
Orchid seed culture recipe
Process of growing
Monomodal species of house orchids, including Phalaenopsis, are able to form small processes. Such processes are called lateral shoots or children. To get a new plant based on them is the easiest.
The processes should be sprayed so that several sheets are formed, as well as their own root system. After creating optimal conditions, the plant can be carefully cut. The baby should be planted in a separate planting pot. Flowering in such a plant occurs after a year or a half. Before planting the separated plant, it is necessary to treat the place of cut with charcoal powder.
Processing an adult plant with a special paste, you can create optimal conditions for the formation of processes. To plant such young animals is very simple, and this method of reproduction is very convenient at home, even for beginners.
An equally popular way of propagating orchids is to divide the root. This method is not suitable for all types of plants. As a rule, it is used in the propagation of sympodial orchids. The method of halving in indoor floriculture is used if the plant has healthy roots.
The optimal period for the implementation of plant propagation by the root is the very beginning of spring. If the orchid is large enough, then you should remove the plant from the planting capacity and carefully clean the roots of the adhering substrate. Next, you need to carefully examine the root system of the plant.
When performing the division of roots on each of the formed "halves" there should be at least three false bulbs. Such bulbs are called bulbs. The rhizome should be carefully cut with a sharp and clean knife in the area between the bulbs. The section obtained as a result of manipulations must be disinfected with charcoal powder, and the obtained parts of the plant with bulbs must be planted in separate planting pots with a high-quality substrate.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about the features of growing white orchids.
Tips & Tricks
Propagation of indoor orchids is done by dividing large adult plants, as well as by children, by planting apical cuttings, lateral shoots, layering, pseudobulbs or seeds.
Having decided on the propagation of the plant by seeds, it is necessary to prepare a nutrient artificial environment, in which the seed material will germinate for about nine months. When propagated by seeds, young specimens grow unlike the mother plant.
Most often, amateur gardeners practice the propagation of a house orchid at home with the help of apical cuttings. In addition, most flower growers have successfully practiced plant propagation by sprouts that appear after flowering. It should be remembered that the vegetative method of propagation is carried out during the period of plant transplantation and is confined to the emergence of young roots, as well as new shoots.
Sowing orchid seeds at home
Beginners in the field of orchid cultivation should use the most simple and affordable methods of plant propagation.