In recent years, indoor orchids have become more popular and are increasingly grown at home. The variety of shapes, shades and colors, as well as the sophistication of the subtle aromas of flowers and the unusual shape of the leaves sometimes simply cannot be described.
Some gardeners do not know how to make an orchid blossom when grown at home. However, making the plant blooming profusely is quite simple. You should know and follow the basic requirements and rules when growing.
How the orchid blooms
Orchid flower growers are called beautiful, exciting and sophisticated. The shape of its flowers can be very diverse. Flowers that bloom on plants that grow at home can resemble butterflies, all kinds of insects or lizards. Some rather rare species resemble swans in their shape and have an unusual coloring of the leaves.
At home, not all types of flowering can be obtained. Especially popular in our country are species"Phalaenopsis" and "Venus shoe." It is these species that are becoming more popular from year to year. It should be remembered that some orchids bloom only once a year, while others are capable of re-blooming throughout the year.
Features of flowering orchids
"Phalaenopsis" are most adapted to indoor cultivation. The frequency of flowering of a plant depends on the type of properties incorporated in the derivation process. The flowering time of "Phalaenopsis" lasts about three months and depends on the absence of the influence of negative external factors during the growing period.
The first condition, if not observed, the plant will not bloom for a long time, is a lack of light. Phalaenopsis may be content with a filtered type of lighting. It should be remembered that it refers to orchids with the longest flowering period. It really lasts a very long time.
Orchid "Venus slipper" totals about 80 species, including terrestrial and semi-epiphytic. Unlike a significant number of orchids, the "Venus slipper" species does not tolerate acidic substrates. To increase the alkaline component to the substrate, it is customary to add lime. "Venus slipper" is most often grown in open ground front gardens. "Paphiopedilum" or "Venus slipper" is one of the most beautiful types of orchids for the temperate zone.
It should be remembered that sometimes plants that have not been transplanted for several years, vegetate all year round. Some species grow and rest for two years before flowering. If the indoor orchid has never bloomed, then you should find out how old she is. All species of this plant have their own flowering time.
It must be remembered that with proper care, after a while, the flower may bloom again. The main problems are observed if the plant does not begin to form buds and bloom for a long time. It is possible to draw a conclusion about the need to stimulate flowering after determining the cause.
Orchid Bloom: Care
Reasons for the lack of flowering
Indoor orchids, like any other flowering plants, need special, close to natural conditions for growing. Everyone knows that under natural conditions, these flowers are common on the territory of the tropics, which means they need special conditions. Often the main reasons why the flowering period does not come are associated with the following violations:
- if the lighting parameters are violated;
- if temperature fluctuations occur;
- if moisture indicators are violated;
- if irrigation is performed incorrectly;
- if improper feeding is used;
- if the substrate is out of date or is of poor quality.
In order for the plant to bloom often, you need to follow the basic requirements for growing, as well as do regular top dressing and timely watering. If the flowering does not start, and the leaves of the plant wither, then the growing conditions should be reviewed, the violation of which often depends on why the flower is not formed.
Therefore, if the leaves fade or change color, care should be taken more strictly. Only a healthy plant is characterized by abundant and timely flowering and has healthy leaves. After a full assessment of the state of the plant, we can conclude that it is necessary to stimulate flowering.
Stimulating Orchid Blooms
Use of special preparations is allowed. "Bud", "Pollen", "Ovary". It should be borne in mind that the process can be stimulated exclusively in adults who are completely healthy and fully rested after the last flowering period of specimens.
In addition, it is allowed to completely stop watering the plant for a while, after which the plant can go into the flowering phase. The same process of bud formation is observed after a short-term shock exposure to the plant by sharp temperature fluctuations.
Orchid care during flowering
At the flowering stage, plants need increased attention and more thorough care. The main care measures are to perform the following actions:
- strengthening the regime of watering a flowering houseplant;
- an increase in night temperatures in a room intended for orchid cultivation;
- top dressing with special fertilizers designed for this type of plant.
It is important not to rearrange the flower pot, not to overfeed the flowering plant with fertilizers, and it is strictly forbidden to spray the tip of the peduncle during irrigation or other irrigation measures.
You can also learn how to plant an orchid properly at home.
Orchid care after flowering
Measures to care for a houseplant after the period has faded do not differ in complexity. After the peduncle dries and blackens, it should be carefully trimmed to the very base.
Mistakes in Orchid Care
It should be remembered that sometimes it is possible to force some types of indoor orchids to bloom again if the peduncle is not completely removed, and several "sleeping" buds remain on it. The top of the peduncle can be cut, but very carefully. Sleeping kidneys may form new arrows. Experienced flower growers know that such a method cannot guarantee repeated flowering. A houseplant may not have enough strength to repeat the process. In addition, such a procedure can significantly slow down the development of a new peduncle.