At home, it is quite difficult to grow a beautiful, healthy and regularly flowering orchid. This kind of tropical plant requires a very careful and maximum attention to yourself. Serious violations of growing technology can cause severe plant diseases, as well as deprive it of leaves or parts of the roots.
Hypothermia, drafts, overheating, overly abundant watering, falling under the scorching sun or significant shading can lead to the death of such an indoor flower as an orchid.
Indoor orchids belong to the category of rather capricious plants, which is associated with the place of natural growth of the flower. His homeland is the tropical jungle. It is sometimes incredibly difficult to maintain the optimal regimen for such a flower at home. Incorrect or untimely care leads to sad consequences.
Quite often, indoor orchids have numerous problems with the root system. However, it is premature to draw hasty conclusions, and even more so to recognize a flower dead in such a situation. Inductive as a result of nursing disorders, you can try to save or reanimate.
External signs that the roots rot
If the orchid has rotted or has just begun to rot, the roots should not panic and throw away. Such disturbances of the root system in tropical plants are extremely common and are a very common problem for both established florists and novice florists.
Largely precisely because of the frequent painful conditions of orchid roots, it is customary to attribute to capricious indoor plants, which many do not dare to grow at home. In fact, such an opinion is considered not entirely correct. It is difficult enough to find another flowering houseplant that has a high level of vitality along with orchid.
The main condition for trouble-free plant growth is compliance with orchid care technology. Choosing the right treatment regimen for a plant is possible only after finding the probable cause of the disease.
Likely reasons why roots begin to rot
Many house orchid owners face root rot problems. Most often they rot due to violations of the lighting regime. If rotten roots are found, then you should think about such a reason as a lack of daylight. The root system also rots due to insufficient or improper watering.
If a gardener growing an orchid notices that the roots of the plant become brown or black, and the top layer is removed and when the liquid is pressed on it, the root system is rotten, and it is urgent to take measures.
The degree of damage to the root system that has rotted can be not only light or medium, but also severe. You can save the flower even with severe root damage if healthy tissues are almost completely absent.
To correctly determine the stage of damage to the root system, you need to move the orchid. This should be done very carefully. If the plant sits firmly and reliably in the planting substrate, then most likely the main problem is some dehydration of the tissues. For this reason, the roots can be saved by simply abundantly saturated with liquid.
Orchids: causes of root decay
Even if the indoor flower has a completely dead root system, you should not make the main mistake of beginning gardeners and throw away the plant. There are several ways to reanimate it.
Instructions for saving orchids with rotting roots:
- cut off all rotten areas with a disinfected sharp knife from the plant;
- if the rotten areas are not completely trimmed, the decay process will spread to other healthy tissues;
- You can disinfect a knife or scissors by simply dipping them in boiling water, calcining them on a fire or rubbing them with alcohol-containing compounds;
- you need to cut any rotten areas, even if as a result of such manipulation there will be only a growth point with healthy leaves;
- perform high-quality processing of all sections of the slices.
Many flower growers lubricate the formed slices with ordinary pharmacy greens. However, it should be remembered that a feature of such a solution is a very strong drying out of the slices up to a burn condition. therefore it is advisable to use a more gentle, but no less effective means, represented by activated carbon crushed to a powdery state.
Lubricate the slices with such a powder very carefully, without even letting in minor areas. Next, leave the flower for two or three days alone. As a rule, these days the plant should be placed in a kind of mini-greenhouse.
At the next stage, the roots remaining unaffected by putrefactive processes should be soaked for a day in a special strengthening solution. As a rule, a special Kornevin composition is used. After such soaking, it is required to transplant the orchid into a new and high-quality planting substrate, as well as cover it with moss. Particular attention should be paid to the location of the flower pot in the most lit place, but with no direct sunlight.
You can find out how orchid roots are processed correctly, here.
Expert advice on what to do if rot is found
Of course, the decay of the root system of an orchid is one of the most severe lesions. As a rule, a plant signals the florist with its appearance long before such severe lesions. A flower may experience stunted growth and yellowing of leaves or a significant decrease in tissue turgor.
To protect the orchid from such dire consequences, you should follow the simple care requirements:
- It is required to provide optimal lighting conditions for growth and development, which should be represented by soft, diffused and not too bright light.
- For watering, you should evaluate the volume of the root system of the plant, and also take into account the period of activity. If there is a significant root system, the orchid needs abundant and frequent irrigation with clean and warm tap water.
- When watering, the substrate should be properly moistened, and then dry. It is unacceptable to keep indoor orchid in a too moist substrate.
- At the dormant stage, an indoor plant requires a reduction in the frequency and volume of watering.
How to save an orchid with black roots
In addition, it should be clarified that transplanted orchids do not need to be watered. For the proper development of the root system, a planting substrate based on sphagnum or pine bark should be used. Periodically, the condition of the processes of the plant should be checked. Disembarkation is carried out in landing tanks with transparent walls.