"Dendrobiums" and "Phalaenopsis" are extremely popular among amateur gardeners in our country. It is typical for these plants to develop the so-called “baby” at the top of the pseudobulb. Propagating flowers with such processes and planting is easy and convenient.
"Children" on an orchid of the "Phalaenopsis" species can form at the base of the basal neck or on the peduncle of a "sleeping" bud, which is characteristic of the end of the main flowering period. The most common occurrence is the formation of a "baby" from a "sleeping" bud, which is located on the peduncle of a houseplant.
For example, some orchid species, such as Dendrobium and Phalaenopsis, can form "babies." There are two common ways of breeding "Dendrobium", represented by dividing the bush, as well as planting "children". On the peduncle, they can be located singly or in the amount of several pieces. “Children” of “Phalaenopsis” and “Dendrobium” are born with enviable constancy, and it is very correct to transplant them.
That is why it is not difficult to propagate these varieties at home, and even beginner flower growers are able to plant "kids". They always look typical and are processes on the trunk of a plant.
When the "kids" appear
In order for a “baby” to form on a houseplant from another “sleeping” bud located on the peduncle, the peduncle should not be completely removed after flowering has ended. It is simply shortened, and a distance of at least 2 cm should be left above the kidney.
In addition, the formation of "children" is facilitated by the presence of a sufficient amount of light after the flowering stage of the plant has ended. It is thanks to the lighting that "sleeping" kidneys wake up. However, in addition to lighting, it is required to maintain a sufficiently high temperature regime after flowering.
In the presence of relatively high temperature indicators at home, not standard flower stalks are formed from "sleeping" buds on the plant, namely "babies" for reproduction. This happens if:
- the end of the flowering stage of a house orchid at home;
- a sufficient amount of intense light;
- relatively high air temperatures.
Providing optimal conditions, it is possible to quickly achieve the appearance of processes on the plant, which easily reproduces orchids of certain species at home.
To obtain quality material in the form of processes, which can then be separated and planted, care for the mother plant should be adjusted.
How to separate and transplant the sprout of an orchid
The rules of basic care for indoor orchid at the stage of growth of "children" imply strict implementation of the following actions:
Watering a plant
You should continue to water the plant, while you must adhere to the general scheme of irrigation, which involves irrigation as the planting substrate dries. It should be remembered that each specific case of the formation of a "baby" depends on the growing conditions of the plant. As a rule, the time interval between high-quality irrigation can vary from five to ten days.
Rarely and accurately, you can irrigate the plants in the shower. This procedure allows you to grow strong and healthy "kids" that form leaves and a good root system. The shower helps to remove dust deposits from the mother plant, and also releases the stomata, through which indoor orchids carry out active gas exchange with the surrounding environment. Rinse leaves thoroughly on both sides.
Fertilization under Phalaenopsis
Fertilizing is extremely important, as they allow you to grow healthy processes on the mother plant. Fertilizing should be timed to the end of the main flowering period. Performing such events is easy. It is necessary to introduce high-quality fertilizers specially designed for feeding orchids during the implementation of every second watering. It is required to use a half dose of special fertilizers from the one indicated on the product label.
It should be remembered that only high-quality processes having leaves and root system can be separated and planted. It’s a little more difficult to make a transplant of “children” without a root system, but it still seems possible to separate and transplant processes on which roots have not appeared.
Dates and methods of transplantation step by step
When forming on an adult room orchid completely ready for separation and planting the "children" who gave the roots, they should be planted. You can transplant after the root system has appeared on the "baby" and it can be easily traumatized from an adult plant.
As soon as the “baby” has taken root and formed complete leaflets, you should prepare a small transparent container as a flower pot or box, as well as pine bark in the form of small pieces, sphagnum moss and high-quality charcoal. Deep into the cup, you need to carefully insert the roots of the disconnected process, and then fill the tank with a mixture based on the bark, coal and sphagnum, which fits between the roots of the "baby". Seal the substrate carefully. The planted sprout can be provided with a reliable support.
It should be remembered that the separation of the "baby" is performed only by a well-sharpened and completely clean tool. It is allowed to use a knife or scissors. Some gardeners use special miniature secateurs for this purpose. Sliced areas are dried and treated with activated carbon. The roots of the process, which are characterized by a high level of fragility, require special care. In the first days after planting, watering plants is not performed. It is possible to carry out spraying from a spray gun.
You can find out how to plant an orchid correctly here.
If the “children” did not produce roots during the entire time they were on the mother plant, then such processes can be jigged. Extension of the root system can be performed in the ground or on sphagnum moss. However, this process will be lengthy, since it requires the implementation of particularly careful care of the plant.
How to get a “baby” orchid
It is necessary to carefully monitor compliance with the temperature regime, and it is best to use a special indoor greenhouse for germinating the roots on the "baby". This design allows you to maintain optimal microclimatic conditions with minimal effort and time.