Orchids "Paphiopedilum" or "Paphiopedilum" many are known as the "Venus slipper." The homeland of this genus of herbaceous perennials from the orchid family is Nepal, India, China, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Kalimantan, Sumatra and New Guinea. A significant part of representatives of this genus, as well as hybrids obtained with their use, are very popular and in demand in indoor or greenhouse floriculture. In addition to home conditions, the plant and its photo can often be seen in the botanical gardens.
The shoots of the plant are of a sympodial type. The stem part is rather short. The presence of a rhizome is clearly visible in the photo of all species and hybrids. They are very shortened, the exception is represented by species "druryi", "robinsonii" and Americanicum. The root system is well developed. The leaves are broad-linear, strongly belt-shaped or slightly oblong, brought together in a two-sided version of the outlet.
Some species and hybrids have monochromatic leaves of a pure green color, while others have leaves with a dark marble pattern. The standard length of peduncles varies from 4 cm to 6 cm in length. Most species and hybrids are characterized by the presence of single-flowered inflorescences, which are clearly distinguishable in the photo. Multi-flowered species and hybrids can form several flowers in the presence of one peduncle.
The flowers are quite large and can have a variety of colors. The apical part of the sepaly or sail is most often wide and brightly colored. Sometimes in the photo you can see that the sail is wrapped forward and resembles a visor that limits the ingress of rainfall on the inside of the lip, as well as the reproductive area of the flower.
Throughout the year, plants from the genus "Paphiopedilum" need quite frequent and plentiful watering. Excess water during irrigation should easily flow out through the drainage holes of the pot. Even slight stagnation of water inside the planting tank or in the pan quickly causes decay of the root system and the lower part of indoor plants.
It is best to use irrigation in the form of a hot shower, which will simulate natural conditions and will favorably affect the growth and development of such unusually beautiful plants.
Planting substrate should be well-dried, but not over-dried. After watering, water from the leaves of "Paphiopedilum" should be removed using paper towels. Stagnant moisture in the core can cause plants to rot at home. Leaving involves the use of fertilizers twice a month. At the dormant stage, plant care depends on its type. Stimulation of flowering "Paphiopedilum", with spotty leaves, requires strict adherence to deadlines. Failure to comply with care during the dormant phase may cause the orchid to bloom poorly.
Orchid "Paphiopedilum": home care
Flowering varieties "Paphiopedilum" most often occurs in the autumn and spring, and hybrids can bloom, regardless of the time of year. The duration of flowering varies from two months to two years.
Rules for care after flowering depend on the subspecies:
- Single flower care at home, which are often shown in the photo, consists in removing the peduncle and, if necessary, replanting the plant without watering, which will prevent the wounds from decaying on the root system.
- Home care for the representatives of the "revolving" type flowering is the lack of need to cut the peduncle before the end of the flowering period. These plants include "primulinum", "glaucophyllum", "Pinocchio", "moquettianum" and "chamberlainianum "that look spectacular in the photo.
In other care issues, all manipulations are standard for orchids grown at home.
The most famous species
Most often, at home, several types of Paphiopedilum are grown. The categories of the most popular and famous include:
- "Venus slipper Paphiopedilum stemless", or view "Cypripedium acaule";
- "Venus slipper Paphiopedilum ram-headed", or species "Cypripedium arietinum";
- "Venus slipper Paphiopedilum California", or species "Cypripedium californicum";
- "Venus slipper Paphiopedilum snow-white", or view "Cypripedium candidum";
- "Venus slipper Paphiopedilum fascicular", or view "Cypripedium fasciculatum".
It should be recalled that "Venus slipper spotted" or "speckled", "Large-flowered Venus slipper", as well as "True venus slipper" also differ.
Paphiopedilum Maudiae or Moody - primary hybrid, its parents are "callossum" and "lawrenceanum". The plant is popular with gardeners cultivating orchid plants at home. Maudi does not require complicated care. In addition, the flowering "Maudi" looks spectacular. In addition to this species, a beautiful hybrid is in demand among gardeners "American Paphiopedilum."
Only two species of "Paphiopedilum" belong to the category of epiphytes and are represented "parishii" and "lowii". Three species are also characterized by the shape of half-epiphytes, they relate to those growing on the ground and trees. Such species are represented "hirsutissimum", "villosum" and "glanduliferum". All other species are terrestrial plants or lithophytes. Monsoons with precipitation in the summer and dry winters predominate in the areas of growth. The areas belong to subtropical, tropical or subequatorial monsoon climatic zones.
Florists wanting to grow Paphiopedilum at home should consider the fact that such orchid species breed exclusively in a vegetative way. Thus, the propagation of Paphiopedilum is possible only by dividing the already large and adult flower bush into several parts.
Between the beginning of June and the last days of August, it is advisable to place a "Paphiopedilum" with green leaves in open air. Flower pots with a plant can be taken out to balconies or a personal plot. The location should be well protected from rains, as well as gusts of strong winds and direct sunlight.
"Paphiopedilum" in nature has a specific growth, and growing such a plant at home requires strict observance of care, as well as constant monitoring of the condition of the planting substrate for pH values.
After reading the corresponding article on our resource, you can find out about the causes of sticky spots on the leaves of orchids.
Tips & Tricks
It should be remembered that quite often beginners and amateur flower growers who have recently been engaged in growing orchid houses make serious mistakes when performing care. Some of the most common and common mistakes are:
- Low air humidity in the room where the plant is grown, which can cause an attack of pests and the development of diseases on this type of orchid, such as Paphiopedilum. Orchids of this species quite often are affected by a spider mite, as well as a mealybug and scale insects.
- Parameters of air humidity that are too high in combination with the lack of access to fresh air in case of violations of the ventilation mode. This can trigger the appearance on the leaves of "Paphiopedilum" lesions in the form of a variety of fungal diseases, as well as impaired development of the peduncle.
Transplanting Orchid "Paphiopedilum"
Strict adherence to the requirements and competent care will allow you to grow a healthy and eye-pleasing plant of the type "Paphiopedilum".