The most unpretentious kind of care from all home orchids is considered to be the Cumbria orchid or "Cambria"However, this flowering plant is no less beautiful than the other varieties. Orchid "Cumbria" is a beautiful hybrid obtained as a result of painstaking selection work carried out with "Oncidiums". The plant is designed specifically for breeding at home. In numerous photos you can see a marvelous orchid with large flowers.
"Cumbria" is a trade name referring to the numerous hybrid genus of orchids, which are obtained by crossing plants belonging to the genus "Brassia" or "Brassia"as well as Miltonia or "Miltonia" and other orchids that can be seen in the photo.
This original type of orchid is surprisingly adapted to home conditions, an unpretentious plant, the cultivation of which is not difficult even for beginner gardeners. Such an unusual orchid most often comes to flower shops called "Vuilstekeara" or "Vuylstekeara", as well as "Cumbria" and is an intergeneric hybrid Odontoglossum, Miltonia and Kohliody, which can be seen in the photo.
Feature and Features
Not many amateur gardeners know that Cumbria is the commercial name for a group of orchids with bright and spotty colors. Such orchids belong to the category of intergeneric hybrids of five genera of the orchid family. Caring for this plant is extremely simple. As a result, at home, you can get a flowering plant with unusual, bright and large flowers. It is this type of orchid that is most often placed on the photo.
Finding a detailed description of this kind is quite difficult. It should be remembered that the plant was bred specifically for cultivation at room or home. The first hybrid orchid from this genus was bred more than 100 years ago. The Cumbria orchid owes its name to breeders of the last century. "Cumbria" refers to the category of epiphytic plants.
Orchid has thin roots and lanceolate leaves. The form of growth belongs to the category of sympodial. Flowers can have a very diverse coloration. The most common shades of cream, purple and white-pink colors. The whole variety of colors and shades can be appreciated in the photo of this amazing view. The plant is undemanding to care and tolerates small flaws in it.
Care for the Cumbria Orchid
Growing and Care Conditions
It should be remembered that, despite all the unpretentiousness and fairly easy care, for “Cumbria” is characterized by the presence of very vulnerable roots. Therefore, to grow and facilitate care, the plant needs a large and breathable type of substrate. The best option is to use a planting substrate that is not prone to rapid degradation. A special type of soil for Cumbria or a mixture based on coal, wood bark, high-quality peat and moss is ideal.
A lot of bark can not be used. Otherwise, the planting substrate may become acidic. Cumbria loves a variety of slightly acidic substrates. A good option is to lay out the drainage layer of washed pebbles. The flower pot should be equipped with a well-moistened gravel or expanded clay to maintain humidity at the required level.
Planting pots can be ceramic and opaque. For Cumbria, the temperature regime is not particularly important, but the plant grows best at temperatures from + 18 ° C to + 25 ° C. "Cumbria" refers to the category of photophilous plants, but in the process of growing and care should be carried out shading plants from direct rays. In winter, the plant needs an artificial light source. You should protect the Cumbria orchid from drafts, but do not forget about the presence of fresh air.
At the time of the acquisition of the Cumbria orchid, it is important that at least three bulbs are present that will allow the plant to take root easily and quickly at home. Bulbs grow differently depending on the type of hybrids. Most often, an adult orchid has developed bulbs of an oval flattened shape about 8 cm long, bearing two or three leaves.
Rhizomes can spread along the surface of the soil or grow up a ladder. It should be remembered that the formed "ladder" requires the creation of a support, which can be made from a piece of ordinary bark. The creation of such a design can be seen in the photo.
The substrate should not dry completely between waterings. If the substrate is significantly moistened, then the root system of the plant may rot. You can immerse the flower pot in water, but not for long. Thus, Cumbria is evenly nourished with the moisture necessary for growth and development, and the entire procedure for caring for the plant is greatly facilitated. After flowering, the number of waterings should be reduced. At the growth stage, the frequency and volume of irrigation should again be increased.
Desirable in the process of care and timely spraying. With such spraying, soft water is used after the boiling or filtering stage. Flowering "Cumbria" with proper care is observed several times a year. Flowering is characterized by abundance. Further, a plant grown at home has a standard dormant period. At this time, it is recommended to slightly lower the temperature in the room, as well as to carry out watering much less frequently. Peduncles should be pruned, which can help the emergence of new arrows in the plant.
Like any orchid, Cumbria does not like transplants too much, but sometimes such an event is necessary. As a rule, transplantation is performed during the formation of soil compaction or its acidification. In addition, the landing capacity may become cramped for plants already grown at home.
Transplantation is not difficult, and the whole process should be aimed at reducing the traumatic factor for the plant and its faster adaptation to new conditions. The transplantation process is conveniently presented on photo instructions, which are accompanied not only by colorful photo material, but also by a detailed description of the phased process.
It should be borne in mind that it is advisable to transplant after the appearance of new, young roots. Such a time in young plants most often occurs in the spring, and in adult orchids it is recommended to transplant in autumn. Propagation of such orchids at home occurs according to the principle of dividing the bush. When transplanting, old, dried, wrinkled bulbs are removed.
You can also learn about the features of the care of the Cymbidium orchid by reading the corresponding article on our resource.
Tips & Tricks
Cultivation of a hybrid orchid of the Cumbria species is not characterized by any complexity, but it is recommended to pay attention to the following nuances:
- when the bulbs begin to wrinkle, the orchid most likely does not have enough water, that is, it's time to water the substrate;
- the orchid has oval shaped bulbs, and after flowering, wrinkling takes place, the bulbs become elastic and smooth again.
Orchid transplant "Cumbria"
Flowering at Cumbria occurs after the end of the growing season - the design of the bulb. At such a time, it is advisable to slightly reduce watering.