Among the variety of autumn varieties of apple trees, columnar-shaped attract particular attention. Outwardly, they resemble a pyramidal poplar or cypress. This form does not require special intervention by the gardener; pruning of such trees is minimal. The leading variety of these apple trees was and remains the Macintosh variety.
Macintosh or Mackintosh (McIntosh), - A variety of apple trees that appeared in Canada more than 200 years ago. It is named after its creator, John Mackintosh. This variety has been selected from the Feymus variety. Descriptions of the unusual, completely random appearance of a variety are found everywhere in the literature. These apples became the emblem of the computer company Apple. We have a variety distributed in the north of the Caucasus and in the Lower Volga region.
The trees are medium-sized, with a wide crown. Light green with yellow leaves of medium size ovoid. Shoots are dark cherry. The fruits of the Apple Macintosh are large, one apple weighs up to 180 grams. They are painted a light yellow color and are completely covered with blush and carmine stripes. White pulp, in some places with red veins, juicy, aromatic. The sweet and sour fruit of the Macintosh tastes good. The peel on them is strong, smooth, shiny, with a wax coating. Their seeds are large, sharp, brown.
Advantages of the Macintosh variety: high-quality taste, good presentation, fairly high winter hardiness. The disadvantages include: non-simultaneous ripening of apples, low scab resistance, periodicity of tree productivity.
The delicate sweet and sour flesh of Macintosh apples has a palpable sourness, pleasant aroma. They feel rich spice. Apples contain more than 10% sugar, a large percentage (up to 0.6%) of titratable or tartaric acids, due to which the spice of apples is felt. They also have 196 mg / 100 g of P-active substances that help the body get rid of harmful toxins and carcinogens, promote elasticity and better vascular permeability. The content of "ascorbic acid" (vitamin C) is 3.8 mg / 100 g, and pectins - more than 10%.
The calorie content of one apple is 47 kcal. It has a minimum of proteins and fats and almost 10 g of carbohydrates.
The benefits and harms of apples
Description of the chemical composition of Macintosh apples indicates their undoubted benefit. They have a large number of such vitamins and minerals: C, B, P, E, manganese and potassium. The importance of these fruits also lies in the fact that:
- it is a source of easily digestible iron;
- they are used to prevent colds;
- potassium contained in apples normalizes pressure, and calcium helps strengthen teeth and bones;
- pectin prolongs youthful skin;
- apples improve eyesight, heal hair and nails;
- They are a good purifier of the blood and lymphatic system;
- apple seeds have substances that prevent cancer;
- this is a wonderful low-calorie dessert that does not make you fat.
It is better to eat raw apples with a peel, because it is under it that there are most of all useful substances and vitamins.
Apple trees: autumn varieties
Along with the undeniable benefits of apples, there are also disadvantages:
- they should not be eaten by people with gastrointestinal diseases and diabetes;
- You can not abuse apple diets, because if you only eat apples for a long time, then you can provoke intestinal inflammation.
Planting and care for Macintosh apple trees
When planting and caring for columnar apple trees, the following rules must be observed:
- They are planted with an interval of 35-40 cm, and the width between the rows is 2 m.
- Before planting, 10-20 kg of rotted manure or compost, 70 g of nitrogen top dressing, and a little dolomite flour (with acidic soil) are introduced into each pit.
- After planting and every spring, you need to make complex fertilizers or a mullein solution (1:10) 3 times, starting in May, after 2 weeks.
- The soil around the seedlings must be constantly loosened, weeded, watered as necessary.
- To improve winter hardiness, in July, top dressing of seedlings is stopped, in the autumn a layer of straw, sawdust, and coniferous branches is poured around. This will save trees from freezing and rodents.
- Dried branches are pruned. In the spring, they carry out mandatory trimming of trunks at a height of 70 cm to rejuvenate the trees.
Harvesting and storage
There are several recommendations for collecting apples, which are held in late September:
- the fruits are harvested gently, without breaking the stalk;
- collection begin from the bottom, gradually moving higher;
- fruits are added to the container, trying not to damage them;
- it is better to pick apples in the morning, in a dry sunny season;
- after collection, fruits are sorted by their size, while damaged specimens are sent for processing.
It is best to store fruits, wrapped in paper, up with the stalks in boxes, cardboard boxes, baskets, etc. You can sprinkle them with chips, straw.
Also well-stored fruits in plywood crates, sprinkled with sand in this way:
- apples are densely stacked on a twenty-centimeter layer of sand, then completely covered with sand;
- the procedure is repeated, forming several of the same layers;
- boxes are placed along the wall in two tiers with a small clearance between them.
The sand should be dry, then the apples will lie well until mid-spring, while maintaining flavor and freshness.
We also offer you to learn about the features of apples Blush.
What can I cook with Macintosh apples
On the American continent, many dishes are prepared from Macintosh apples; these fruits are a must on the menu in schools and kindergartens. They make juices, jams, cider, a special sauce of fresh apples. They are suitable for cooking charlotte, kefir pancakes. Here are some descriptions of the culinary "features" of the Mac apples.
- Caramelized apples: 8 apples, a glass of red wine. 2 cups sugar, 6 tbsp. tablespoons of fat cream. Mix the sugar, wine and boiled cream boiled to brown color, let this mixture boil a little, then cool. Dip the skewered apples into the sweet mixture. Put on paper and let cool.
- Unsweetened apples with a strong peel are ideal for baking in the microwave. You can prepare a dessert in a few minutes, while the apples retain all their important properties. The fillings can be any: honey, nuts, dried apricots, cranberries, cottage cheese and others.
- Macintosh is suitable for home drying due to its dense texture and juicy pulp. You can dry them in the oven with the addition of sugar and lemon juice.
How to cook caramelized apples
Macintosh apples have been known for more than two centuries, they grow on unusual columnar apple trees. They are the basis for the selection of many new varieties, but do not lose their relevance. Due to their excellent taste and numerous beneficial properties, they are widely used in cooking, and are a favorite variety among many gardeners.