Clematis are aristocratic creepers. They are very popular among gardeners. Although only a few clematis are capricious and whimsical to care for, the success of their cultivation is largely dictated by the right choice of varieties of this cultivar. A description of some of them should be given special attention.
To the group of clematis, according to numerous reviews of specialists who are in special demand among gardeners, can be attributed to the now very fashionable clematis violet or clematis Vititzella. These tree-like, tall creepers, blooming on young shoots, beautiful, not very large, numerous flowers, pleasing to the eye with a variety of violet-purple shades. They are known for their winter hardiness, endurance and a wide selection of forms and varieties that bloom all summer.
"Purple Captive Elegance" - One of the oldest varieties of purple clematis, known in France since the late 19th century. It remains in demand due to the unpretentiousness, romantic effect of terry burgundy-red decorative flowers. Gradually blossoming, they retain the beauty of a tall (up to 3 meters) bush from July to October.
Large velvety purplish-purple variety flowers Etoile Violet even sophisticated connoisseurs of flower growers will not leave indifferent.
Sorta "Ville de Lyon"bred in France more than a century ago, do not occupy popularity. Its red-brown, more than three meters in height, the trunk and large (10-15 cm) carmine-red flowers can decorate the most sophisticated flower beds.
Classification of clematis by trim group
Clematis is known to be lianas, some of which are up to five meters in size. Therefore, for gardeners in our climate with a rather harsh winter and an unstable spring, it is very important to classify them according to pruning groups. Ultimately, this affects the choice of variety for cultivation and conditions of care. There are three such clematis pruning groups:
- Plants of this group are not cut for the winter, removing only damaged, frozen shoots or thinning out branches that are too thick. These procedures are done after flowering in June. In the winter they are high up. The first group consists mainly of finely colored clematis.
- Creepers of the representatives of the second group are cut half or a third, leaving no more than one and a half meters above the ground. These clematis bloom early and plentifully on last year's shoots, pleasing with bright, large, double flowers. They can bloom repeatedly on new shoots, but more modestly. Due to early frosts, such a flowering may not occur at all.
- The third group of pruning includes clematis, which need a complete pruning of shoots for the winter (with the exception of 2-3 pairs of elevated buds). The part that remains above the ground (up to a maximum of 20 cm) spuds. This type of clematis is the most popular and favorite among gardeners. Although the plants do not bloom as early as in the second group, they bloom stably and plentifully. And caring for them is quite simple. For our climate, these clematis are most suitable. Vititzella clematis varieties belong to this group.
Clematis: planting and care
This variety belongs to the third group of pruning. It is a one and a half meter shrub liana. These plants have bicolor up to 8 cm in diameter lilac flowers with a purple-pink stripe in the center. Spectacular, delicately corrugated petals with abundant flowering plants do not leave anyone indifferent.
Like most representatives of its group, the variety is easy to care for, loves lighted places. It tolerates wintering well. It is irreplaceable when grown in containers. In addition, it is widely used for planting near trellises and various other supports, grows well between shrubs.
Grade "Rouge Cardinal"
This hybrid variety from the Jacqueman group, bred in France almost half a century ago, is a repeated winner of many international exhibitions. Its velvety, dark purple flowers are cross-shaped. They reach up to 15 cm.
A winter-hardy plant with a vine up to three meters in height blooms profusely in July-September. Feels especially good with a little shading. Used for landscaping vertical fences in the garden, also looks great in large tanks on terraces, loggias, closed balconies.
Variety "Tangut Radar of Love"
Tangut Clematis comes from Mongolia, Western China, where it has been known for over 120 years. It tolerates harsh winters very well, therefore it is widespread in Russia, from west to east. It can be a low shrub, which is used for border gardening. Rising on a support up to three meters, forms dense, dense thickets.
Its yellow drooping flowers, resembling lanterns in shape, although small (up to 4 cm in diameter), but delight gardeners all summer long until the cold weather. New shoots can have more than a hundred flowers. With a long warm autumn, the clematis "Tangut Radar of Love" blooms a second time.
Its fruits ripening by the end of summer have the appearance of silver fruit, they are used in dry bouquets. It is widely used for landscaping walls, balconies, decorating hedges and arbors. It feels great like a houseplant - in pots.
Clematis Growing Tips
Clematis is an extensive group of cultivars requiring an individual approach, but there are several general rules for their cultivation.
When growing them from seeds, it is necessary:
- pre-soak them for several days;
- then it should be planted in containers with light, loosened, fertilized soil (sand and earth 1: 2);
- seeds are placed on the surface, sprinkled with a layer of earth for a couple of centimeters and slightly pressed;
- soil temperature should be at least 20 degrees;
- it is better then to cover the surface with a film, not forgetting to periodically remove it for ventilation;
- watering should be moderate, it is better to do it through a sieve.
Proper planting and plant care are essential to success:
- the landing place is chosen bright, protected from gusty winds. Plants should not be planted close to metal fences that shield the burning rays of the sun on them, near the roofs of houses, from where water can drain onto them;
- the soil should be loamy, slightly alkaline, loose;
- heavy watering, but not too frequent;
- fertilize the soil before planting, before and after the flowering season;
- the roots of the plant should be shaded, mulched with a layer of peat, moss, regularly updating it;
- plants need regular weeding;
- heavy vines need reliable support.
In addition to growing from seeds, vegetative propagation of clematis is also used by dividing the bush, cuttings and layering.
Since plants suffer from fungal diseases, compliance with all the rules of agricultural technology is of particular importance for them, reducing the risk of diseases. For prevention, marigolds and calendula are planted near clematis.
You can learn more about clematis here.
How to plant clematis
Clematis is firmly rooted in modern gardens. It’s romantic, satisfying every taste, corresponding to many styles, garden design decorations - this is a whole botanical garden. A variety of colors, shapes and sizes of the flower, combined with the ease of care for them, decorativeness and diversity of differently tall vines - this is clematis, or clematis.