Every year homemade roses are becoming more and more popular. How nice it is to have at home an almost perfect flower, wonderfully complementing the collection of house plants! However, not everyone can grow a queen of flowers at home - because this requires special conditions.
First of all, every amateur gardener should realize that caring for roses at home is significantly different from caring for garden species and practically does not intersect with other domestic plants. Therefore, applying your knowledge focused on these flowers is worth it carefully - only in a few cases can they completely coincide.
Home Rose Preferences
It just so happened that indoor roses are quite picky plants, and therefore they require not only increased attention, but also compliance with special conditions of detention.
Indoor culture suitable:
- location on south or southeast balconies and windows;
- fresh nutrient soil;
- a sufficient amount of fresh air in the warm season;
- plentiful watering during the growing season (it can be corrected by external temperature and as the top layer of the soil dries up);
- systematic top dressing (about once a week), especially during the period of active growth and flowering;
- transplantation (but only as necessary) into a more spacious pot or container.
Home roses are not suitable:
- overdried air and overheating in the sun;
- watering with cold water;
- ignoring withered sprouts, stems, shoots and leaves;
- trauma to the root system;
- wintering at elevated ambient temperatures;
- ignoring diseases and small pests.
These are just the basics, then we will look at ways to grow a rose at home in more detail.
Adaptation to room conditions
As soon as you bought a flower and brought it home, do not immediately resort to transplanting it or to actions that may disturb its peace. Experts generally advise that you carefully pay attention to the conditions in which the plant was in the store, and repeat them at home to the maximum. Here you will need to withstand such air temperature, humidity, watering and spraying mode, put the flower in the shade or in a bright place (depending on where the flower was in the store) and so on. The similarity of the conditions of detention will give the home rose the ability to quickly adapt and not die immediately after purchase. But this is only for the first time - then it is necessary to create the right conditions of detention. While the flower is adapting to a new room and microclimate, avoid drafts and sunburn, water it only with clean, well-maintained water, sometimes rinse the leaves with spraying.
How to transplant a decorative rose
It’s worth transplanting the Queen of Flowers to a permanent place only when she fully regains consciousness. According to the lunar calendar, this is best done when the moon is in a growth phase. The transplant should be done very carefully so that not a single main root process is damaged. It is advisable not to disturb the earthen lump in which the roots are located.
An earthen lump only loosens slightly on the outer layer, and a small amount of old earth is also removed. If there are a few granules of fertilizers on the coma, then you do not need to remove them.
Next, prepare nutritious soil for transplanting roses into a new container. It can be the following mixture: turf land, humus land and sand (4: 4: 1). A small amount of complex fertilizer is mixed into the soil. If you do not have the opportunity to prepare the right soil for planting, then you can always buy universal soil for indoor plants or specifically for roses.
Bush rose pot
Further correct cultivation of a home rose requires the acquisition of the right pot, which is suitable in all respects. How to choose it?
So, the new pot should be larger than the container, a few centimeters in diameter and about 5-7 cm in height. But remember: it should not be too big either.
Preparing a flower pot
If something was previously grown in the pot, it should be thoroughly washed under warm water with a stiff brush, but without detergents. If the pot is completely new and ceramic, it should be soaked for several hours in warm water.
Before planting, you must definitely “equip a new home” with a room rose:
- make expanded clay drainage,
- take care of the presence of a drain hole,
- pour prepared soil with fertilizers into the pot and sprinkle it with a layer of clean soil.
Next, you need to get the plant from the old pot. To do this, you need to water it abundantly, let it soak for half an hour, turn the pot over and gently remove a bush from it with a thick earthen lump.
Now put it in a new pot, gradually sprinkle along the edges with prepared soil and condense it as it shrinks. After transshipment, the rose should be put in the shade, or it can even be on the north window.
After a day has passed from the moment of transplantation, the flower is put on a well-lit balcony or window sill, pushed away from the draft and direct exposure to hot sunlight, provide constant access to fresh air.
Cultivation and care
If the rose dries, this is the first sign of a lack of moisture, so try to ensure timely watering as the topsoil in the pot dries. Sometimes, on very hot summer days, you have to water a rose even twice a day, but remember that watering is carried out only with clean, well-defended water at room temperature, under the root and in a more or less cool time of day.
Fertilizing at home
Usually, caring for Chinese indoor roses involves, among other things, applying fertilizer to the soil. This should occur approximately twice a month and during the period of active vegetation of the plant. Irrigated with mullein or a solution of complete mineral fertilizer. Foliar top dressing is also carried out - spraying with special weak solutions.
It is not recommended to carry out top dressing in rainy or very cold weather, as well as fertilizing sick or newly transplanted plants.
How to care for a home rose in summer
In summer, the flower loves good watering, timely fertilizing, spraying, washing the leaves and removing dead leaves from the shoots. It is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the plant - it should not overheat or give signs of disease (with proper care and prevention). If in the summer you noticed that the rose in the pot does not feel very comfortable, since it managed to grow during the warm season, you must wait for the moon's growth phase and again transplant it into the pot more free.
Many breeders of home plants have the following question: how to grow a room rose with a lush bush? One answer may be the point of summer care: you need to constantly rotate the plant so that it receives light from all sides of the bush. In this case, it will not be one-sided.
How to grow roses at home in autumn
When the summer heat is replaced by autumn cool and the temperature drops below +15 ° C, the tea room rose is transferred from the balcony to the room. During this period, it is desirable to put it on the south window.
At the time of a decrease in growth activity and the formation of buds, it is necessary to stop feeding and reduce watering to once every 2-3 days. So the rose is preparing for winter.
Preparation for winter
This is one of the most important stages during which many conditions must be observed:
- compliance with the temperature regime from +15 to +17 ° C;
- installation of a home rose in a place where the air is not too dry;
- fencing the plant from electrical household appliances - a TV, PC, microwave, and so on;
- It is desirable to transfer the plant to a cold window or to protect the plant from exposure to hot air from the apartment (between the frames or behind a special layer of plastic film).
Winter home rose care
Indoor rose in winter does not grow and does not bloom, it looks very painful, constantly dropping leaves. During this period, it is advisable not to allow air to dry out in the plant space - put the pot on a pallet with wet pebbles, water the rose every 2-3 days.
Caring for a flower crop in winter also consists in spraying the plants, especially in a room where there is additional heating and the air constantly dries.
Home rose in spring
In early spring, decorative roses begin to come to life. They throw out new leaves and shoots, which soon turn into full twigs. At this point, the plant requires more frequent watering, so that the earth in the pot does not have time to dry out.
Now the flowers can be fed again - this will provide the basis for the correct and speedy development. You can fertilize the soil in a pot with a solution of mullein: 1/3 of the mullein in 2/3 of the water is thoroughly mixed and left for a period of 4-10 days until the end of the fermentation period, then it is used in a solution with tap water (1:15). You can fertilize the soil near the plant with a solution of bird droppings: insist 1 part of the droppings in 200 parts of hot water, leave for two days, dilute the solution with clean water (1:25) and use it to feed the plant.
What to feed
Growing roses at home implies systematic dressing, so take them very seriously. But remember that if the flower turns yellow, withers or even dries out, this may be the reason that the wrong fertilizer was used or its dosage was exceeded.
If everything is respected by the rules, then for good flowering, the plant is fed once a week. This should be done after watering the plant.
In the spring, when the home decorative rose comes to life again, it should not lack sunlight or moisture. Therefore, the plant is transferred to a bright window and constantly watered, as in the summer, as the top layer of the earth dries up. Next, spraying and washing the leaves.
Now that the spring frosts are gone and the heat is returning intensively, the bush bush of home or Chinese can be put on the balcony again, but first in the shade, since it needs to get used to the bright sun. This will take 2-3 weeks.
How to prune indoor roses
Potted home roses can be pruned before wintering. In this case, the process is carried out with a very sharp knife or secateurs, and no more than five living kidneys are left on each branch. Pruning is advised to be carried out in the moon growth phase. If it is not carried out before winter, the next year more scarce flowering and a sluggish appearance of the whole plant as a whole are possible. To prevent this from happening, pruning can be done in early spring.
Features of caring for roses at home (video)
Indoor roses in our house (video)
Propagation of flower culture
Reproduction of roses at home is quite simple, especially if you adhere to our recommendations. You can also use cropped branches for propagation.
Cuttings are cut from existing material using a pruner. Their size should be about 15 cm, on the body of the stalk there should be at least 3-4 live buds and several leaflets.
Now the cuttings can be placed in clean tap water at room temperature. Sometimes two weeks are enough for the first strong roots to appear. When they are well developed, they are planted in small pots (about 200-300 ml) in fertile prepared soil, always in the phase of moon growth. If this process was carried out before wintering, then the next year rapid growth and flowering are possible. This is how roses are breeding at home.
How to care for a home rose (video)
It is regrettable to talk about this, but the Chinese rose at home can be spoiled by diseases and pests. Therefore, be sure to treat it with prophylactic agents, observe the temperature and humidity regimes of the soil and air, and also urgently proceed to treat the plant if you notice signs of the disease on it.
As you can see, there are no special difficulties in caring for home roses in pots, you just need to get used to constantly rushing around with a rose, choosing optimal conditions for it. But this is not difficult, especially when a beautiful ornamental plant pays a lot for the care of an incredibly beautiful appearance and lush flowering.