The Samara Botanical Garden, which has stepped over its eightieth anniversary, is one of the most attractive places in the city where you can relax in nature, while taking rare photos. This is a popular, accessible park and a major center of scientific floristry, where a lot of work is being done to preserve rare plants.
History of creation
More than two hundred years ago in the (then) suburb of the county town of Samara there were several possessions, the largest of which was the site of the merchant Vasily Boshev. As an amateur breeder, he bred rare varieties of apple trees and pears. His garden can be considered the very first collection of the Samara Botanical Garden.
The decision to create the Samara Botanical Garden for the study, preservation and enhancement of the nature of the Middle Volga region was made in 1932. Famous scientists in the field of botany and floristry Vasily Smirnov and Alexander Terekhov led this work. The first excursions to the botanical garden began already in 1933.
For two decades this place has been a nature reserve and an inter-university educational base. In addition, it is a favorite vacation spot of citizens. This is facilitated by the location of the botanical garden in the city center, its features and natural picturesqueness.
The Botanical Garden in the city of Samara has a number of characteristic features that make it unique in its kind:
- This is a collection of higher plants - taxa, numbering more than 3 thousand;
- the greenhouse here is the only one in the region;
- large areas of the arboretum -21 hectares, scientific and research bases - about 15 hectares;
- two unique ponds - Upper and Lower. In the last of them there is therapeutic hydrogen sulfide mud;
- an extensive collection of flora;
- huge and unique rose garden;
- a ravine of ten meters depth with a pedestrian bridge and an ice-free spring with water that is rare in taste, quality and purity;
- six-meter alpine hill with natural vegetation of the Zhiguli mountains.
In the only greenhouse in the region with an area of almost one and a half thousand square meters, which has 2 halls, more than 800 taxa grow. Summer always reigns here, because the temperature is never below 18 degrees, and the humidity is maximum. The greenhouse is proud of rare and thermophilic tropical plants:
- many types of palm trees, among which there are date, banana, which bloom and bear fruit;
- perennial grassy representatives of the jungle;
- widely represented species of vines, with roots and trunks resembling fancy snakes;
- numerous dracenes, including and a guest from the Canary Islands called the Dragon Tree.
The subtropical hall was filled with exotics. Among them:
- various types of ficuses, including small-leaved - a vine with numerous shoots that completely hide one of the walls of the hall;
- ferns that grow even in crevices between stones;
- decorative foliage plants, multicolored clearings of which make up fancy compositions and look elegantly in the photo;
- fruit plants - figs, coffee, guava, avocado, citrus fruits. Some of them bloom in winter - murraya, lemon, feijoa, delighting with fruits already in early spring;
- graceful orchids give a special charm and picturesqueness to the greenhouse;
- and some species of cacti, nicknamed for it by the "Decembrists", bloom at the beginning of winter.
The opening hours of the greenhouse are as follows: in the summer, on Tuesdays and Thursdays, excursions for groups of 10-20 people are carried out by prior arrangement from 8.00 to 17.00. And in winter - on weekdays from 8.00 to 15.00. Break: from 12.00 to 13.00.
This exposition occupies 2 hectares of the botanical garden. This is a nature reserve museum (with the exception of nurseries), where about a thousand trees and shrubs grow. There are many types of honeysuckle, hawthorn, birch, willow, grape.
A significant place is occupied by immigrants of the North American continent and the Far East. Wood vines are widely represented, including decorative and medicinal. They acclimatized well in the conditions of the forest-steppe. Those of them that have a short growing season successfully bloom and bear fruit.
Most of the exhibits are over 50 years old. There are almost three hundred species of herbaceous plants. Most of them are natural aborigines over a meter high. At the time of flowering, they are very decorative and look beautiful on the photo.
Flora and fauna of the Samara Botanical Garden
Department of Flora
Located in the area of the Raw ravine and on the flat part. These are tree species common for the surrounding forests of the city of Samara: oak, linden, aspen, birch. Among them there are relics of the preglacial period: golden scythe, three-blade azure and others. Also present are imported: black poplar, pine, ferns. Here 15 species of plants from the Red Book that are endangered are preserved.
On the slope of the ravine is a 6-meter alpine hill, formed from representatives of the flora of the Zhiguli Mountains, guests from the Caucasus, Carpathian and other highlands.
Part of the exposure is grown in a spring greenhouse, followed by planting in open ground. There is a rock garden for teaching landscape design. Natural ferns land on the shores of Lake Superior.
The most numerous collections are irises, peonies, lilac. The plot of roses has almost 90 varieties, some of which were bred at the beginning of the 19th century. There are varieties brought from the Moscow region, Ukraine and other regions. These are mainly park roses with high decorativeness and excellent frost resistance. Multi-colored lawns with numerous shades and a delicate aroma are a favorite place for creating colorful photos, which are often placed on the site of the botanical garden as his business card.
The fauna of the botanical garden is also diverse. Wild ducks live on ponds year-round. In total there are up to 60 species of birds, many of which nest right there. These are kites. owls, waders and others.
In the reserve there are squirrels, hedgehogs, turtles, snakes, small mammals. Muskrats live in ponds, fish are found. Fishing is strictly prohibited.
Mode of operation
The Botanical Garden is available for visits on weekdays from 8.00 to 17.00. On Friday - until 12.00. Entrance (except for the greenhouse) is free.
In the city of Samara, in its very center, there is a paradise. This is a botanical garden that attracts citizens at any time of the year. In this chic forest park you can take a walk, breathe the air, admire rare trees, bushes, flowers, fruits, the "living creatures" of ponds and forests, take rare photos and just relax.