Large-fruited tomatoes are very popular not only in greenhouse farms, but also among ordinary owners of small greenhouse structures. Not many gardeners can name tomato varieties that are most suitable for growing in a greenhouse. Moreover, not many summer residents can boast of knowledge about the features of the care and cultivation of such a vegetable crop in a protected ground.
In addition to the difference in size, ripening time and the number of formed fruits, all varieties are usually divided into indeterminate and determinant. If the indeterminate type of varieties for greenhouses is represented by vigorous species, well forming in a single stem, the determinant varieties of tomatoes for the greenhouse are plants that need to limit the growth of shoots during the growth process. In order to correctly select the optimal varieties of large-fruited tomatoes in each particular case, you should know the general biological information of this crop, as well as the characteristic features of each variety. Only knowing how to grow large tomatoes, you can proceed to the selection of varieties.
Characteristics of large-fruited tomatoes
Large tomatoes are very attractive and this is the type of tomato that many gardeners prefer to grow in a greenhouse.
In the spring, when choosing a tomato variety for a greenhouse, each gardener suggests the purpose of the grown crop. When using fresh greenhouse tomatoes, special attention should be paid to the taste of the grown fruits.
If you have full-canning, then you must give preference to varieties that form fruits with small sizes and good density. And for the cultivation of this vegetable crop for sale, the main thing is the ability to maintain shape for a long time and endure long-term storage and transportation.
Most gardeners are not limited to choosing one variety and plant several types of tomatoes in the greenhouse at once. However, large-fruited tomatoes are grown almost everything. Such popularity is due to:
- high palatability;
- consistently good juiciness;
- attractive appearance.
All large varietal tomatoes for cultivation in the greenhouse are classified as tall and productive plants, which allows the use of the greenhouse landing area with maximum efficiency.
Many experienced gardeners planted exclusively time-tested and showed excellent results varieties of greenhouse tomatoes. However, breeders are trying to improve the properties and qualities of this popular vegetable crop. At present, varieties and hybrids regularly appear, which are characterized by high rates of disease resistance and unpretentiousness. It is possible to grow tomatoes that have an unusual shape or color.
Description of varieties
Tall and popular varieties of tomatoes for cultivation in a greenhouse compare favorably with a variety of shapes, taste and color. Many of them grow in height by several meters. Such tomato bushes are more reminiscent of tropical vines, rather than ordinary tomato bushes. Such varieties are highly appreciated by gardeners for their tendency to abundant fruiting until the end of autumn, but they require significant planting areas and special care. Such expenditures of time, place and effort are more than covered by plentiful harvests.
Varieties of tomatoes for growing in a greenhouse
The most famous and sought-after varieties of such greenhouse tomatoes are listed below.
- Large-fruited variety "Pink Abakan" average maturity. Indeterminate plant from Altai breeders. The height of the bush is up to 1.7 meters. The average mass of pink fruits reaches 300 grams. Plant formation is performed in one or two stems.
- Large-fruited variety Jubilee Orange average ripening period, forming the most aligned and beautiful fruits of a very bright orange color with a mass of not more than 400 grams. Taste is high. Used for fresh consumption.
- Large-fruited hybrid "F1 Pink Bush" determinant type with pink large fruits. The hybrid is very early, with a high yield of the crop, resistant to a whole range of diseases. It is used fresh.
- Large-fruited variety "White sugar" late ripening. An indeterminate type of plant for greenhouses, formed in one stem, the height of which can exceed one and a half meters. Yellowish fruits have a rounded or flat-rounded shape and weight up to 200 grams. The taste is excellent and great for fresh consumption.
- Large-fruited greenhouse variety "Black Sea" average maturity. Indeterminate, medium leafy plant from amateur selection. A feature of the variety is the formation of very unusual and beautiful fruits. The plant requires performing stepsonovki. The fruits of this variety for greenhouses are very large, have a flat-rounded shape and an unusual lilac-violet color. High meatiness and an insignificant amount of seeds favorably distinguish it against the background of other large-fruited varieties.
- Large-fruited variety "Semipalatinsk". Medium ripening. On an indeterminate plant, fruits of a flat-rounded shape with ribs and a mass of more than 300 grams are formed. A feature of the variety is the presence of a very sweet and juicy taste. The plant requires herding and formation in one or two fruiting stems.
- Large-fruited variety "Pink honey" from West Siberian breeders. It belongs to the category of determinant varieties with an average ripening period. Particularly large fruits with a weight of up to one kilogram are formed on the plant. The pleasant honey flavor of the variety makes it an excellent choice for fresh consumption. Fruits have a flattened, slightly ribbed shape and a rich pink color. The height of the tomato bush does not exceed seventy centimeters. Formation is performed in two fruit bearing stems.
You can also learn about the features of growing tomatoes in a greenhouse and at home by reading the corresponding article on our website.
Regardless of the variety, absolutely all large-fruited greenhouse tomatoes are grown in accordance with the standard planting scheme.
- In late February or early March, seed material of late-ripening varieties for seedlings should be sown. This type of plant includes varieties that have a period from the appearance of the first seedlings to the formation of a crop of about 135 days.
- In mid-March, seeds of medium-late and mid-ripening varieties should be sown with a maturity of 120 days.
- Early spring sowing must be accompanied by high-quality illumination of the grown seedlings by means of special lamps. Neglect of this rule provokes a delay in plant growth and insufficient formation of flower buds.
- In late April, when the seedlings turn fifty days old, large tomato varieties should be planted in a heated greenhouse. When using an unheated greenhouse design, seedlings should be planted in May.
- The standard planting scheme for such tomatoes is 40 x 60 centimeters.
A significant part of indeterminate varieties and hybrids of tomato for a greenhouse is characterized by strong growth upwards, as well as in different directions. In addition, the appearance of new shoots is regularly observed in the leaf sinuses, on which an additional type of stems and numerous flower brushes are formed. For this reason, in addition to the standard agrotechnical measures accompanying the cultivation of this vegetable crop in the greenhouse, it is necessary to carry out competent plant formation.
Tall, large-fruited tomatoes must be stepson directly after planting the plants in the greenhouse design. The formation of the bush should be aimed at the formation of one or two stems. For the cultivation of healthy plants and high yields, you must adhere to the appropriate rules of care.
- Tall type tomato plants need to be tied up with a loose loop.
- To form a plant in one or two stems, it is required to regularly break out the stepsons formed, not allowing them to grow by more than five centimeters.
- To accelerate ripening in early August, remove the top on the tomato bushes, leaving no more than three leaves over the last brushes.
- The cultivation of large-fruited tomatoes requires strict control over the indicators of greenhouse humidity, as well as the temperature regime, the parameters of which should not be more than thirty degrees.
- At the beginning of the growing season, plants cannot be overfed with nitrogen-type fertilizers.
For the formation of very large and shape-aligned fruits, the following techniques can be used:
- the formation of greenhouse plants in no more than one stem;
- timely removal of the first inflorescence;
- limiting and pinching the growth point of the main plant shoot after the formation of three inflorescences;
- removal of excess ovaries on each inflorescence.
Despite the fact that greenhouse conditions are more favorable for the cultivation of large-fruited tomatoes, the rules for choosing a variety should not be neglected, and preference should be given to the acquisition of zoned varieties.
Large Tomato Care
In addition, special attention should be paid to the quality preparation of fertile greenhouse soil and the implementation of preventive measures that will most effectively protect plants from damage by pests and pathogens.