Nigella - a herbaceous plant, belongs to the family of buttercups. In the genus, there are about two dozen species, but only two of them are grown: Spanish and Damask.
Otherwise, this flower is called Chernushka, although the name is not very justified. Rather, Nigella can be associated with something tender, bright, subtle. In the photo, this plant resembles primroses - equally fragile and elegant. Often, flowers are compared with small magic stars.
Nigella flowers have a diameter of 4 cm, and the color is blue, lilac, yellow or white. Interestingly, even dried flowers are popular in flora design.
The plant reaches a height of 40 cm, its leaves have a gray-green hue and resemble dill branches (filamentous).
Planting a plant
The flower prefers open, sunny areas. Soils should be light, nutritious. If earlier on this soil flowers or other plants grew, fertilized with organic means - this is ideal.
Nigella should not be planted near ground cover plants.
The landing of the nigella is as follows:
- A distance of 20 cm remains between the bushes, and between the rows it will reach 45 cm.
- In the hole at the bottom must be drainage, covered with a handful of sand.
- Next is the landing and falling asleep directly.
- At the end, the place where the flower will grow, you need to irrigate with a light solution of potassium permanganate.
- You can cover the landing for several days at night, but this action is not strictly required.
- Two months after sowing, the nigella blooms, also blooms for about two months.
By the way, nigella are not always grown only in flower beds, often it is used as a spice plant. Harvested seeds are stored in a dark place in a porcelain bowl. Before use, they are crushed and slightly fried in vegetable oil. They are added to pastries or to traditional Indian dishes.
Nigella is really an unpretentious flower. In fact, he needs only regular moderate watering, constant weeding and loosening, rare top dressing and prevention of pest attacks.
By the way, loosening should be careful so as not to affect the root system of the flower. That is, you can use the usual plug - a delicate tool.
Chernushka is not particularly afraid of pests, the characteristic spicy smell scares them away. But the spider mite can still hit the flower, so a two-stage treatment with infusion of potato tops will not be superfluous. You need to do it with an interval of 10 days. If you suddenly forgot about such dressing, this does not mean that the tick will still hit the plant - there is a chance, but the smell of a flower is its best weapon.
Nigella seeds are the subject of propagation of this plant. They need to be collected during the ripening period of two-thirds of the boxes. The branches are cut, tied into small bundles and dried until the leaflets are opened. Nigella seeds can retain their germination ability for three years.
Cooking Nigella Seeds
Seeds are sown in early spring in ordinary garden soil or in seedling boxes.
Nigella: combination with other plants
In the photo you can see beautiful flower ensembles, one of the participants of which is a nigella. No matter how good this flower may be in single plantings, its combination with the following plants looks very beautiful and bright, and this:
Incredible beauty, flower ensembles are obtained by using transitional colors of the same gamut, for example, lilac: from the palest to the most saturated. The photo of such a merger is striking in its capturing natural beauty.
Nigella in landscape design
For designers, the nigella is one of the favorite plants of its kind, and all thanks to its high decorativeness, unpretentiousness.
- In dry gardens and rockeries, this flower will be appropriate.
- It will decorate any flowerbed, it will not be lost even in a colorful flower arrangement and in single plantings it will be a self-sufficient, bright, active flower.
- Growing nigella along borders is popular: it turns out a bright and unobtrusive drawing, easy roadside framing.
- Nigella on an alpine hill also looks great, especially surrounded by petunias and cornflowers.
- Touching stars of a flowering plant near artificial ponds and decorative fountains are also often used - and all because its inherent lightness, airiness, accuracy, and nigella colors are very bright and really summer.
What the nigella does not like
This is primarily on the eve of planting the plant should know the gardener. The flower does not like:
- the abundance of moisture, lack of moisture (the reaction will be quick and pronounced, so regular moderate watering is required);
- thickened plantings (otherwise you will not have to know the lush flowering);
- acidic soils;
- high doses of nitrogen fertilizers;
But light frosts of nigella are not terrible, she tolerates them well.
Nigella in the garden
A beautiful sweet flower, both equally beautiful in a photo and in life, can decorate a modest flowerbed and a bright alpine hill. To grow it is a pleasure, this plant will not require special skills, or frequent feeding. Damask nigella is gaining more and more admirers due to the external simplicity and brightness of the plant, as well as its good compatibility with a number of other common flowers.