Passiflora (Passiflora) - is a stratflower that is distinguished by amazingly beautiful flowers and fruits with unique healing properties. It attracts not only people, but also hummingbirds, helekonid butterflies and pollinating birds.
Due to the beautiful appearance of the flowers, the plant is actively cultivated in various countries as exotic or ornamental crops. Passiflora is used as an ampel plant for a loggia, apartment, balcony. Flowers look very attractive, but differ in fragility. Growth is rapid, by the end of August the liana will occupy the entire window.
The plant belongs to the family Stratocots. It includes more than 500 types. Many of them can be found in the tropical forests of South America, in Australia, Polynesia, the tropics of the Mediterranean, Asia. Passiflora leaves are dunate-lobed, whole. They can be from 5 to 9 pieces. The flowers are distinguished by an unusual appearance. They have a “crown” of elongated fibers over the perianth.
In the 17th century, passion flower was compared with the symbol of Christ's suffering - the crown of thorns.
Varieties of passionflower
The plant is distributed around the world. A number of varieties are grown as a medicinal and horticultural culture - on the coast of the Caucasus and in the Crimea. At home, grown giant granadilla, cavalier star, blue passionflower.
Passiflora is edible. There are several types whose fruits can be used in food:
- meat red;
- passion fruit;
Plant juice is used for making gravy, marinades and sauces. From the pulp make jams, drinks, jellies and ice cream. The fruits can be eaten fresh.
- Passiflora blue, which you can see in the photo, represents an evergreen vine. Flowers have a pleasant aroma. They are single, in diameter reach up to 10 centimeters. The fruit is a berry, the length in good conditions reaches 7 centimeters, the color is orange. Leaves have a bluish tint. Passiflora blue grows in southern Argentina and in the Andes region.
- Passiflora three-lane characterized in that on the dark green leaves there are 3 purple stripes. Fruits are rounded, their diameter reaches 2.5 centimeters. Flowers - 5 centimeters, color - white. The aroma of the plant resembles the smell of lilac.
- Banana Passiflora has oblong yellow fruits, the juiciness of which is visible even in the photo, and 12-centimeter pink flowers. The plant is very decorative. Passiflora is edible. The fruiting is plentiful, in good conditions you can harvest in the first year.
Passiflora blue and other species are propagated vegetatively or using seeds. The first method is used most often, since in this case the fruits can be obtained already in the first year. Mainly carry out cuttings. If the described flower forms rhizomes, parts of them can be used.
Cuttings represent ripened shoots. Cut them with 2 leaves. The lower one is removed, a part of the internodes is left under the kidney. If the top sheet is large, you can trim it.
The handle is lowered into "Kornevin." So rooting is much faster. Rooting takes place in a mixture of sand, peat and perlite. Then the blue passionflower is covered with a frame with a film. Growing in a greenhouse will be faster if heated from below. Passiflora kistetvetnaya (look at the photo) grows somewhat more slowly, in comparison with other species.
In a greenhouse, roots on cuttings appear only after 2 months. After rooting, the film is removed and hardening of the plants begins. It will take 10 days. Flowering is 2-5 years. You can make a practical greenhouse for flowers with your own hands, guided by our tips.
Mustache propagation can be done. In winter, seed propagation occurs. They are placed in a substrate consisting of sand, leaf and humus land, peat. Then they are covered with glass and grown in closed conditions at a temperature of 22-24 degrees. After the first 2 leaves appear, a dive occurs.
Passiflora passion fruit: seedlings from cuttings
Landing and care
- Landing at home is made in slightly alkaline soil.
- In summer, the plant needs to be fed - every 10 days with infusion of mullein and mineral elements.
- Watering and spraying is required. It is important that the drops do not fall on the flowers.
- Passiflora, home care which can cause some difficulties, requires a special temperature regime in the winter - from 10 to 14 degrees. In winter, the plant loses part of the leaves - this is absolutely normal.
- Growing a plant, which you see in the photo, involves cropping. It is designed to quickly form new shoots.
- Since passiflora from seeds grow quickly, care must be taken in advance about the support.
- Growing plants involves providing protection against drafts. Otherwise, leaves and buds may fall.
- In a greenhouse, a liana is susceptible to damage by pests such as a worm, aphids, which can be eliminated by folk methods, and scale insects.
- At home, the plant needs to create the optimal level of illumination. The main decoration is the flowers. For flowering Passiflora, you need to choose the sunniest place in the room. Flowers live only 1 day, so you should try so that the creeper has as many flowers as possible.
Combination with other plants
Passiflora can grow with other plants. It can be:
- rhomboid cissus;
Passiflora, whose beauty can be appreciated in the photo, is recommended to be used to create a Mediterranean-style garden. It looks great with sciadopitis, nightshade, daylilies and lavender. It creates a sense of the atmosphere of the southern landscape.
It is recommended to place the stratocore near the house or on the potted terrace.
Passiflora planting in spring
The value of passionflower, first of all, lies in its decorative properties. The plant can be cultivated at home. There are many varieties of creepers. Some of them are edible. Reproduction is vegetatively or by seed. The plant places high demands on soil acidity, lighting and watering.