Surely many of us planted forget-me-nots at least once in our gardens and front gardens. And this is not surprising. These little blue flowers delight the eye and cheer you up. They perfectly complement any floral arrangements, giving elegance and lightness to your garden. Today you will learn what you need to know about forget-me-not for successful cultivation.
Forget-me-not (Myosotis) is an annual or perennial plant. Belongs to the family Boraginaceae (Boraginaceae). The flowers are small blue with a yellow eye in the center (less often the petals are pink or white) collected in inflorescences. The stems are low, the leaves are large oblong. The color of the leaves varies from grayish green to bright green. In height, the plant reaches an average of 30 cm, although there are species and higher creeping flowers. The fruits of forget-me-nots, unpretentious in care, are black nuts, which consist of four ovoid parts.
These plants tolerate spring frosts well, they are winter-hardy and shade-tolerant. Forget-me-nots grow in many places: in South America and in South Africa, in Asia, in Europe, in Australia and New Zealand. Among many gardeners, they are appreciated for the virtually absent care and unobtrusive beauty of heavenly flowering.
Variety of species
There are about 50 wild species of this flower. Here are the most common:
- Forget Alpine (Myosotis alpestris) - found in the Alps, Carpathians, in the Caucasus. The stems are low, from 5 to 15 cm, the rhizome is short. The leaves are gray-green. The flowers are dark blue. It blooms for a long time, about seven weeks. This is one of the few types of forget-me-nots that love sunlight.
- Forget-me-not forest (Myosotis sylvatica) - perennial plant, loves moisture and shadow. It grows in the Carpathians, in Europe. It reaches a height of 30 cm. The leaves are elongated oval in shape, the color is pale green. The flowers are light blue. Also blooms for a long time.
- Forget-me-not swamp (Myosotis palustris) - perennial plant. The stems are branched, the leaves are very large, up to 8 cm in length. It blooms all summer (May-September). The flowers are pink or blue. It grows on the banks of swamps, rivers, lakes, as it loves moist soil. It is found in Siberia, Transcaucasia, Mongolia, Central Europe and the Balkans.
- Forget-me-not field (Myosotis arvensis) - used as a medicinal plant. The shoots are low, the flowers are blue, small in size (up to 0.5 cm in diameter). It blooms for a long time, from May to late autumn. It grows in the vast Siberia, Asia, North Africa and the Canary Islands.
- Forget-me-not Chekanovsky (Myosotis czekanowski) - This type of forget-me-not is included in the Red Book of Russia. It is found exclusively on the Olenyok-Lena interfluve and on the left bank of the Talagan River (Kharaulakh mountains), as well as in the north of the Verkhoyansk Range. It’s hard enough to find even to take a photo.
- The forget-me-not of Reshteiner (Vyosotis Rehsteineri) - one of the species that spreads on the ground, forming a pale blue carpet in the meadow. Color in April and May. Refers to perennial plants that require virtually no care.
What you need to know about plant care
The care of the colors described in this article has a number of features:
- Myosotis is a frost-resistant plant that loves shade.
- Flowers prefer moist meadow, clay or sand-clay soil, that is, plants should be watered every three weeks. Try not to overdo it, from excessive watering forget-me-not can wither.
- Weeding the soil is not necessary. This component of care can only harm the plant.
- The soil should be fertilized at least once a month (with organic and mineral fertilizers, you can prepare the mixture: 1 teaspoon of urea, potassium sulfate and nitrophosphate, dilute in 10 liters of water).
- To prolong the flowering of the plant, do not flood the flowers, but provide them with access to indirect sunlight. Then the flowers will become brighter, more saturated.
- The main enemy of forget-me-nots, the beauty of which is visible even in the photo, is aphids, which can be combated in one of the many ways that we talked about here.
- The above flowers are very easy to tolerate transplants, quickly adapting to a new place.
If the necessary conditions are not met (lack or excess of moisture, plentiful sunshine), forget-me-nots can rot the roots, dry the leaves and wither the flowers.
How to plant a forget-me-not
Growing forget-me-nots will not cause you much difficulty.
When planting seeds
- It is better to plant the seeds immediately in the open ground.
- The best time to land is July.
- The most important thing to do for seeds before planting is to fertilize (add humus mixed with peat) and moisten the soil. Also, the soil needs to be loosened and dug up.
- Next, you should form small holes and place the seeds there, sprinkle with a small amount of sand (so that a thin layer of sand forms above the hole).
- It is advisable to cover the seeds with covering material. In two weeks it will need to be removed.
When planting cuttings and seedlings
- Prepare the soil - dig, loosen, fertilize and moisten.
- Land - forget-me-not will take root.
You can grow forget-me-not in the following ways:
- Through seed. Before sowing, it is recommended to hold the seeds in salted water (bad seeds will emerge, and the rest can be planted). After three weeks, the first leaves will appear.
- Division. You can use this method of propagation, as the flowers easily root in a new place. And the structure of the root system allows you to separate several small roots without harm to the main rhizome.
- Bred varieties of forget-me-nots are well propagated cuttings. It is better to cut them off in warm weather, in June. Then put in the water until the horses let the cuttings go. Then plant in the soil.
- Can be used seedlings. Then the seeds are planted first in greenhouses or hotbeds in May-June. After 2-3 leaves appear, a pick is carried out (leveling the roots in the soil), and in August they are transplanted to a permanent place.
Forget-me-nots in landscape design
Forget-me-not is widely used in various compositions for decorating the garden. Its color gives the plantings lightness and at the same time saturation, naturalness and romance.
- Moorish lawn, the features of which we have already talked about.
- Garden ponds.
- Flower beds, group plantings.
- Single pots.
In addition, forget-me-nots serve as an excellent background for a photo. Thanks to the pleasant color, a light romantic atmosphere will reign in the photo.
What plants are friends with
Forget-me-not combined with many colors:
One of the most traditional combinations is forget-me-not and tulips.
How to grow forget-me-nots (video)
As you can see, forget-me-nots are simply necessary plants in the garden or the front garden. They are unpretentious, that is, take root in any shaded place where you want. Caring for them will not take much time. And of course, they are unusually beautiful. The pale blue color will delight you at least the whole of May, and some varieties thrive until late autumn. By planting such a plant in you, you will find the humble centenar of your flower beds.