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Why do thorns appear on leaves and stem of eggplant


We got an interesting question from Boris: "Why did the thorns appear on the leaves and stem of the eggplant?"

Sometimes eggplant grow with spikes. There are several reasons for this. It can be such a variety or an eggplant just “remembered” its wild ancestors. In the photo, where there are blue vegetables, you can see that the thorns are not only on the leaves, but also on the stems. This is also okay, the vegetable is quite edible.

Why did the spikes appear? In fact, on wild eggplants, they act as protection against caterpillars. If the variety is cultivated, you will not see thorns on the plant in the photo and in reality. The gene for their presence is suppressed by selection, but in some species it nevertheless crawls out. You can safely plant them, but it’s better to collect them with gloves.

Prickly varieties

Spikes are present in the following species:

  • Amethyst;
  • Dandy;
  • Banana;
  • Solaris;
  • Vicar.

Well, if there are thorns not only on the leaves, but also on the cup.

If the eggplant in the photo has spikes, it could be a hybrid:

  • Nutcracker;
  • Hippo;
  • Purple miracle;
  • Giselle
  • Ping pong.

Outgrowth on the leaves has a grade "Robin the Hood". The fruits of the vegetable are pear-shaped. Their mass reaches 250 grams. A variety of eggplant is used for pickling, pickling. The bush turns out to be spreading - from 70 centimeters to a meter. Fruits are formed in any conditions. The eggplant variety is well adapted to any terrain.

Eggplant "Ping pong" precocious. Before entering fruiting, 110 days elapse from the onset of seedlings. The plant looks decorative. In diameter, the fruits reach 4 centimeters, in length - 6 centimeters, the color is white. The taste of fruits is spicy, the flesh has a greenish color. The variety has more decorative significance, a large number of seeds are present in the fruits.

Eggplant variety "Nutcracker" represents an early ripe hybrid. From the beginning of planting to harvesting, 45 days pass. Productivity is high. The variety has a small number of thorns; no problems should arise during the harvesting process. The fruits look original, reminiscent of purple barrels. Dense fruits can be used in food a month after setting. The variety is distinguished by the fact that bitterness accumulates in vegetables by the time of ripening.

We also offer you to find out how you can grow a watermelon on your site.

Prick Scale

There is a prickling scale for vegetables. The non-studded, low-prickly and prickly “blue” forms stand out. More and more new varieties and hybrids are emerging on the market with weak spikes. Wild forms have leaflets and stems covered with growths. As a rule, there are more on the cup.

Nevertheless, gardeners often prefer forms with a weak spike. They have strong foliage, form stepsons well. These types must be formed. The presence of outgrowths makes the process of care quite complicated. In the process of work it is necessary to use tight clothes, a respirator. Clothing helps prevent scratches on the body from outgrowths, an allergic rash. The existing spike scale describes only the cup in detail, so it is inconvenient to use it.

  • 0 points - outgrowths are completely absent;
  • 1 point - single outgrowths on the calyx;
  • 2 points - gross single outgrowths;
  • 3 points - outgrowths are coarse, single on cups, soft, single on leaflets;
  • 4 points - on the cup outgrowths are coarse, single, on the leaves are coarse, single;
  • 5 points - coarse, single outgrowths on the calyx, coarse single outgrowths on leaves and stem.

Features of growing eggplant

Nevertheless, at the moment, non-studded forms remain popular.