Larisa tries to figure it out and asks us: "Felt cherry is drying on my plot. What could be the reason?"
This low cherry tree from the genus Plum is loved by many summer residents: it tolerates frosts well, giving a plentiful and early harvest. The main thing is that after flowering on a cherry, a fungus is not found.
This Chinese "emigrant" crossed the Russian border at the end of the 19th century, having previously "captured" Europe and North America. First, felt cherry settled in the Far Eastern Territory, where even now you can meet its unvaccinated seedlings in plenty.
The plant got into the European territory of Russia thanks to Michurin, who created a large-fruited variety Ando.
Felt cherry is famous not only for its increased productivity and frost resistance, it also decorates the garden, especially during the flowering period. Spreading lush crown of cherry will look good in hedges and in the green border.
This tree prefers loose, drained soil. It should be planted in a sunny meadow: in the shade, the cherry withers. Since felt cherry does not know how to self-pollinate, several different varieties must be planted nearby.
The best time for landing is early spring. If you do not have time, plant a bush in September.
By the way, felt cherry got its unusual name because of a barely noticeable whitish gun on branches, leaves and ripe cherries. Usually the bushes do not grow more than 3 m, and the berries do not crumble, so harvesting is very easy.
Cherries have a lot of organic acids, carbohydrates and vitamins: vitamin C, for example, is almost 2 times more than in the fruits of other cherry trees. And in terms of iron concentration, felt cherry was ahead of the apple.
The main thing that gardeners regret is the short life span of this crop: about 10 years. True, it can be increased exactly twice if you engage in anti-aging pruning.
Trouble after flowering
One can easily imagine the affliction of a summer resident who, admiring the delicate flowering of cherries, suddenly notices that soon after this the flowers dry up, darken and the branches begin to dry out.
This means that felt cherry is affected by a fungal infection, whose name is moniliosis. If the fungus has spread throughout the plant, all of its flowering branches will look like lightly scorched by fire. No wonder the second name of the disease is a monilial burn.
From winter cold, the fungus hides in diseased inflorescences, dry fruits and the branches themselves, "waking up" in the spring.
During flowering, spores spread very easily across the plant: moving from the pestle to the ovary, then into the shoot tissue, causing them to discolor and die. Often, even powerful main branches die under the pressure of the fungus.
In summer, the fungus spreads to the fruits, manifesting itself as gray rot: a small speck grows extremely rapidly in volume, covering the entire berry, the flesh of which turns brown. After that, fungal spores begin to grow on the fruits, continuing their "dirty deed". Disputes adore spring and summer dampness - this is their ally.
It is not surprising that felt cherry is especially affected by moniliosis, cultivated in regions with high humidity: in the Far East, in the north and west of the Black Earth Region, in the Non-Black Earth Region and in the south-west of the North Caucasus.
With total moniliosis, you can not wait for the crop. If the disease is started, allowing the fungus to destroy the tree from year to year, the felt cherry will dry up sooner or later.
We also offer you to find out the reasons for curly peaches by reading the corresponding article on our website.
It is not easy to cope with moniliosis, especially since this zarazane is content only with cherries, and "storms" other fruit trees.
Two weeks after flowering, cut off all infected branches and burn them. Trim with a margin while grabbing healthy parts a bit.
The fungicide treatment looks something like this:
- Nitrafen - before budding and after leaf fall (200 g of product per 10 liters of water).
- Bordeaux liquid (1%) - after removing diseased shoots.
- "Zircon" - when buds open, buds appear, before and after flowering, after fruiting.
- "Zircon" can be combined with Epinom Extra (in spring).
- Home - at the end of summer after pruning dried branches.
If your felt cherry fell ill with moniliosis, treatment with copper-containing agents should be repeated every year. Do not forget to collect and burn infected fruits.
A good preventive effect is provided by the introduction of fertilizers with microelements into the earth: such as boron, copper, manganese and zinc.
If you are planning to grow felt cherries in your garden, keep in mind that you cannot do without antifungal drugs. Unfortunately, a fungal infection hardly leaves the occupied territories, and a monilial burn is a frequent guest in summer cottages.
Be patient and knowledge to confront the "aggressor", and the cherry will thank you with a good harvest.