Mimosa or Mimosa belongs to the genus of flowering plants from the legume family or Fabaceae. Until recently, Mimosa belonged to the disbanded Mimosa family or Mimosaceae. Mimosas can be represented by herbs, shrubs, or medium-sized trees with double-pinnate leaves.
Most often, the flower consists of four parts, but there are species that have three or six parts. Inflorescences are represented by dense heads or brushes. The predominant place of growth is South America. More than 600 species are known and studied.
The main types
Shy or Mimosa pudica L
Prefers moist places and thickets. The main habitats are lowlands in the Antilles and the territory of Brazil. Appearance corresponds to evergreens, shrubs or shrubs having straight shoots up to one meter high. The presence of thorns and pubescence is characteristic.
Small flowers are collected in heads at the top of the shoots. The predominant pink and purple color. Flowering - in the summer. Bred as an annual ornamental plant.
Grungy or Mimosa scabrella
The birthplace of this twenty-meter plant is South America. Panicles of numerous colors are painted white.
Lazy or Mimosa pigra
An amazing perennial ornamental plant. Direct and branched shoots reach a height of 0.5 meters. White flowers are characterized by spherical heads. Fern-shaped leaves are highly sensitive.
- For reproduction, seeds are often used, but mimosa cuttings can also be rooted. At the beginning of March, the seeds should be scarified, which is carried out according to certain rules, or doused with boiling water.
- Sowing the treated seeds is performed in a substrate, which consists of two parts of peat and part of river sand.
- The depth of planting of the mimosa should not exceed 5 mm. Seeds germinate at a temperature of + 25 ° C.
- A pick is made after the appearance of two or three true leaves.
- The soil needs regular moisture.
In our climate zone, mimosa is grown in greenhouses and conservatories. The plant is very thermophilic and photophilous. It is able to form a compact bush and bloom profusely only in the presence of bright sunlight.
The ideal landing site is the south side. To protect against sunburn, delicate leaves of mimosa shade, and after cloudy days they accustom themselves to bright lighting gradually. Mimosa is characterized by relatively slow development and poor climb.
The best soil for planting is a mixture of the upper soil layer, peat, prepared humus and sand. All ingredients are taken in equal amounts. The bottom of the tank must be equipped with drainage, which can be expanded clay.
- Mimosa prefers regular watering with soft and settled water. The signal for the next watering is the relative drying of the upper soil layer. The most abundant moisture input is required for the plant from spring to early fall. Then watering is reduced, and by winter they switch to the level of very moderate hydration.
- Mimosa is very sensitive to dry air in the room and responds positively to spraying with soft water.
- Top dressing is carried out in the spring and summer with a regularity of twice a month. In winter, fertilizers are not used.
Diseases and Pests
- Excessive moisture and excessive watering cause yellowing of the leaves.
- Irregular and inadequate watering can provoke leaf fall.
- With a lack of light, the stems of the plant are prone to stretching and loss of strength.
- Low temperature conditions affect flowering.
- Mimosa is most often affected by aphids and spider mites.
Any floral arrangements in landscape design should be consistent with the general idea. In everyday life, mimosa is often confused with some species of acacia belonging to another genus from the Mimozov subfamily. Mimosa and acacia are surprisingly similar in appearance.
Most often, instead of mimosa, silver acacia or Acacia dealbata is used in the design. Branches of this flowering plant are traditionally presented on International Women's Day.
A shy mimosa or a touch can be easily distinguished by touching it with a hand. The response to such a mechanical effect is the folding of all leaves. Disclosure of leaves is possible only after half an hour or an hour. Such a protective property is a sure sign of mimosa.
Japanese mimosa: Fusa acasia
The characteristic protective feature of mimosa, as well as the presence of light pink or lilac flowers collected in unusual capitate inflorescences, have long made this flower one of the most spectacular plants used in landscape design or landscaping of the winter garden.