Pushkinia (Puschkinia) is a miniature bulbous plant. Its homeland is alpine meadows and the Caucasus mountains. There is another name for the flower - Dwarf Hyacinth. Pushkinia, planting and caring for which resemble actions with crocuses or hyacinths, coexists perfectly in gardens. There are 2 species in the plant genus. Each of them will become a real decoration of a flower bed or garden and is unique in its own way.
Varieties and types
Two types of Pushkinia are distinguished - forest-like and hyacinth-shaped.
Bulbous perennial. Flowering occurs in May. Flower height - up to 15 centimeters. Inflorescences include 12-30 drooping flowers. The leaves are fleshy, linear. The color of the flowers is blue or white, on the middle vein of the petal there is a bright blue strip.
In appearance it resembles muscari or hyacinth. Height - up to 30 centimeters. The leaves are fleshy, basal. Flowering is observed from March to April. The flowers are bell-shaped; the color is white or blue. Brush - up to 12 centimeters.
A flower of a species such as Pushkinia is planted in group plantings. It looks great with any bulbous early spring plants, looks good in mixborders, rockeries. Suitable for landing in curbs.
The main advantage of Pushkinia is that it can be planted in uncomfortable places - near trees, among perennials. After the plant fades, annuals can be planted. So the flower garden will not lose its decorative effect for a long time.
Landing is simple. Pushkinia prefers light or slightly shaded areas, the soil should be fertile, well-drained. Fertilizers should be applied - mineral and organic.
Landing is best done in August-September. The plant will bloom in May, after 3 years. Transplantation is carried out after 5 years, while you should wait until the bulbs fully ripen. Before planting, the soil is well watered. It is not worth it to deeply bury the plant in the soil. Rooting will occur after 14 days. A transplant is not necessary.
Storage is carried out in slightly moist peat. Since the bulbs are tender, it is important to ensure that they do not dry out. The temperature in the room should be cool.
Bulb planting technology
- Make a border of 15x30 cm. Take 12 bulbs.
- Dig a moat 15 cm deep.
- If the soil is heavy, sand is poured into the bottom of the moat. Then compost is introduced - a 5-centimeter layer.
- Bulbs are placed tops in 3 rows. Between them should remain a distance of 5-10 cm. Lightly sprinkle with earth.
- Then the soil is compacted and irrigated. For the winter, Pushkinia is covered with a thickness of mulch of 2.5 centimeters.
- In the spring of inflorescence, the plants are pruned, otherwise they will begin to spray the seeds. Leaves are left until complete dying.
How to care for Pushkin
The plant does not require close attention. Weeds must be removed in a timely manner - they are the cause of the suffering of the flower. If the weather is dry, you should water. Top dressing will not be superfluous - mineral fertilizers are applied in the spring, as soon as the snow comes off.
After the flowers grow, you should loosen the soil and mulch the plant. Mulch is needed in order to protect Pushkin from frost and protect the soil from drying out.
Use in landscape design
Pushkinia is very decorative. It looks great in borders in combination with other early flowering plants. You can plant a flower in a rockery. You can learn how to make a rockery with your own hands by reading the corresponding article on our website.
If the site is small, you can arrange the plant in a flower garden with perennials. In mixborders, Pushkinia with snare and chionodox look great. Moreover, the presented flowers will reliably protect dwarf hyacinth from direct sunlight.
A great option is the location of Pushkin around the tree trunk circles. There is no foliage in spring yet, which means it does not obscure the flowers. In autumn, it is important not to damage the cannons by digging the ground near the trees. The plant also looks great near the currant. The presented species do not interfere with each other.
Propagation of Pushkinia
Reproduction of Pushkinia is onion or seed. In the first case, an entire carpet is formed. Then the bulbs are transplanted. After the flowering of Pushkinia ceases, the upper part of the plant dies. As a result, only the bulb remains, its location is distinguished by pegs.
You can try to propagate the flower with seeds, but often self-seeding is pulled apart by ants. The thing is that the essential oils present in the seeds attract them. The transplant is in the fall. At the same time, flowers are buried by 5 cm. In spring, seedlings need shelter. Flowering occurs only in the 4th year.
Soil in the spring should be loose, moist and fertile. In summer, the soil can be dry; in winter, mulching is performed. Earlier we talked in detail about how and with what materials mulching is carried out.
Pushkinia seeds are light brown in color. They are contained in a meaty box. Propagating a flower with seeds is not so difficult. Make it better in the spring. Boxes appear at the end of flowering from the ovary. They form very quickly.
Collect them like this - just lightly press the box, it should open. As a result, the seeds will be in your hand. It is better to sow in a secluded corner of the site, where the earth is rarely dug up. Landing should be rare. The time of year is either autumn, or immediately after flowering. Shoots will appear next spring. At first they will be weak, but then get stronger. Flowering occurs only in the 3rd year.
A bulbous plant can be grown in its own plot. There are only two types of flower - the forest-like and hyacinth-shaped. Planting will not cause problems - you can plant Pushkin even where other plants simply do not survive. Of the features of care, it is worth highlighting the need for timely weeding and loosening of soil.